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Phonological Awareness


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Recognizing the sounds in words is the key to learning to read. Help children by having fun with rhymes, syllables, and letter sounds. Help your child get ready to read.

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Phonological Awareness

  1. 1. Phonological Awareness Getting Ready to Read Play With the Sounds in Words
  2. 2. 4 Concepts <ul><li>Phoneme. Smallest part of word sound </li></ul><ul><li>Grapheme. Represents phonemes with letter or two </li></ul><ul><li>Phonemic Awareness. Learn & manipulate sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Phonics. Relationship between phonemes & graphemes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Develop Awareness <ul><li>Children must hear and distinguish sounds of language </li></ul><ul><li>Rhymes, syllables, and phonemes important </li></ul><ul><li>Key “ready to read” skills </li></ul><ul><li>Word games help </li></ul>
  4. 4. Help Develop Skills <ul><li>Learn nursery rhymes </li></ul><ul><li>Make up silly, nonsense rhymes </li></ul><ul><li>Ask if two words rhyme: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Do ‘cat’ and ‘dog’ rhyme?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Do ‘cat’ and ‘hat’ rhyme?” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Have Fun With Sounds <ul><li>Sing songs together daily </li></ul><ul><li>Songs break words into syllables </li></ul><ul><li>Play I Spy , “I spy with my little eye something that rhymes with far (car).” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Play With Words <ul><li>Let child make up rhymes </li></ul><ul><li>You guess too </li></ul><ul><li>Put two words together, make new word </li></ul><ul><li>“ What word would we have if we put ‘cow’ and ‘boy’ together?” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Play With Letter Sounds <ul><li>Ask child to change beginning sounds of name </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Jimmy, can you change the /j/ in Jimmy to the /t/ sound?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t say letter name, just sound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Say rhymes and sing songs in the language most comfortable for you. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Literacy Skills <ul><li>Learning sounds in words is key </li></ul><ul><li>Reading is recognizing those sounds in print </li></ul><ul><li>Help child get ready to read </li></ul>