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Copyright Basics

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Understanding copyrights and "wrongs" is important, especially in today's digital age. Webmasters should be careful.

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Copyright Basics

  1. 1. Copyrights & the Web Webmasters Beware! Let’s Review Some Copyright Basics By Mr. Breitsprecher
  2. 2. Copyrights Apply <ul><li>Most things on WWW are copyrighted </li></ul><ul><li>No need to register </li></ul><ul><li>No need to identify with “ © ” or statement </li></ul><ul><li>If in “tangible form,” copyrights apply </li></ul><ul><li>Once created, saved, or put online, creator has copyrights </li></ul>
  3. 3. Term “Copyrights” <ul><li>Copyrights means “right to copy” </li></ul><ul><li>Protects how ideas are presented </li></ul><ul><li>Does not protect the idea itself </li></ul><ul><li>Facts cannot be copyrights </li></ul>
  4. 4. Six Copyrights <ul><li>Reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Public Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Public Display </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Audio Transmissions of Sound Recordings </li></ul>
  5. 5. Need Permission to… <ul><li>Reproduce </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt </li></ul><ul><li>Distribute </li></ul><ul><li>Publicly perform </li></ul><ul><li>Publicly display </li></ul><ul><li>Digitally transmit audio sound recordings </li></ul>Unless the intended use falls under a special category called fair use
  6. 6. Reproduction <ul><li>Making copies </li></ul><ul><li>Downloading from Web </li></ul><ul><li>Printing </li></ul><ul><li>Rewriting or recreating </li></ul><ul><li>Photographing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adaptation <ul><li>Modifications, alterations, use of another’s ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Changing format, posting from a book to a Web </li></ul><ul><li>Copying someone else’s HTML all </li></ul>
  8. 8. Distribution <ul><li>Owners controls how work is distributed </li></ul><ul><li>Including electronic transmissions or posting on Web </li></ul>
  9. 9. Public Performance <ul><li>Right to perform in public covered by copyrights </li></ul><ul><li>Digital broadcasts, other transmissions </li></ul><ul><li>Live renditions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Public Display <ul><li>Owners control how work is shown to public </li></ul><ul><li>Digital transmission considered public display </li></ul>
  11. 11. Audio Transmission <ul><li>Copyright owners control how audio recordings are distributed </li></ul><ul><li>Sending or downloading audio file over the Internet is a digital transmission. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fair Use <ul><li>Can use copyrighted material if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not commercial, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not infringe on main copyrighted idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will not affect potential market for original copyrighted work </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. 4 “Fair Use” Factors <ul><li>Purpose or character of use </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of original work </li></ul><ul><li>Amount and substantiality of use </li></ul><ul><li>Affect on potential market </li></ul>
  14. 14. Copyright Notices <ul><li>Three parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright, Copr., or © </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The year first published </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of copyright holder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2003 © Breitlinks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does not need notice to be protected by copyrights </li></ul>©
  15. 15. Avoid Problems <ul><li>If in doubt, get written permission </li></ul><ul><li>Read licenses for software, graphics, video, or audio </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful with Web content </li></ul><ul><li>Someone else’s violation does not mean everyone else can violate copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Many copyright violations on the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Find out who owns rights before using </li></ul>
  16. 16. Protect Yourself <ul><li>Use original material on websites </li></ul><ul><li>Copyrights do not cover ideas, concepts, methods, facts, principles, discoveries. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover the way these are explained </li></ul><ul><li>Collect facts & ideas from several sources </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple sources protects against charges of “adaptation” </li></ul><ul><li>Get permission from photographer and the subject(s) before using pictures </li></ul>
  17. 17. Facts Not Copyrighted <ul><li>Only presentation of facts covered </li></ul><ul><li>Links are facts, just like phone numbers – free to use </li></ul><ul><li>Do not link to sites that violate copyrights </li></ul><ul><li>Lists of links are covered by copyrights </li></ul>
  18. 18. If In Doubt, CHECK! <ul><li>US Copyright Office ( www.copyright.gov ) </li></ul><ul><li>R.I.G.H.T.S. Redistribution of Graphics Has to Stop ( www.rightsforartists.com ) </li></ul><ul><li>Stanford Copyright & Fair Use Center ( fairuse .stanford.edu ) </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright Clearance Center ( www.copyright.com ) </li></ul>

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