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Casill Proana Paristech 14 06 10

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Séminaire SES - ParisTech
Paris, 14 06 10
Entre autonomie et coopération
Le cas des communautés
« pro-ana » en ligne
Antonio A. CASILLI, CEM, EHESS

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Casill Proana Paristech 14 06 10

  1. 1. Séminaire SES - ParisTech Paris, 14 06 10Entre autonomie et coopération Le cas des communautés « pro-ana » en ligne Antonio A. CASILLI, CEM, EHESS P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  2. 2. • Projet ANR en cours : ANAMIA (La sociabilité "Ana-mia" : une approche des troubles alimentaires par les réseaux sociaux en ligne et hors ligne)• Partenaires: EHESS, CNRS, Institut Télécom, Aix Marseille II, UBO, Uni. Greenwich• Facteurs sociaux qui influencent les comportementes de santé• Communication assistée par ordinateur reconfigure sociabilité P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  3. 3. • “Pro-ana”, “pro-mia”, “pro- ED”: revendiquer les 6 troubles des conduites 5 alimentaires en tant que Search Volume Index 4 Ana_mia choix 3 Pro_ana Pro_mia• Un “mouvement”? 2• Comment étudier ce 1 0 phénomène social? Ja M 22 Ju 27 5 Se 19 005 D 11 05 M 26 05 Ju 22 07 D 7 2 07 M 30 7 Ju 23 007 Se 15 08 N 7 2 08 Fe 4 2 005 Au 21 006 N 13 006 Ja 5 2 006 Ap 28 06 O 5 2 07 Fe 30 08 ec 2 ec 0 ov 0 ar 00 ay 2 ar 2 ov 2 ct 0 n n 2 l 1 20 n 20 p 20 p 20 n 0 b 0 b 20 g 2 r 20 22 0• Autonomie des usages et 20 8 0 09 développement de Evolution over four years of the search volume index for common ana-mia queries structures sociales aptes (Source: Google Trends, March 12th 2009) à favoriser la coopération P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  4. 4. • Typologie de base: • Sites web et blogs personnels • Médias sociaux / forums • Sites web « sous le manteau » • « Universités »• Discussion et compétition (thinspiration)• Hiérarchies et rôles sociaux dans les communautés P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  5. 5. • Autonomie : par rapport à son entourage proche, à l’école, à la famille• « Projet d’autonomie » : pratiques sociales finalisées au développement d’une subjectivité (individuelle ou collective)• Coopération : par rapport aux savoirs médicaux• Comportements agoniques qui résultent en une cohésion sociale accrue• Entraide, collaboration, développement savoirs communs P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  6. 6. • La cacophonie des approches1) Avant Internet : un débat polarisé • Approches cliniques • Approches socio-historiques • Approche féministes / cultural studies2) Avec Internet : des nouvelles perspectives • Approche des communautés en ligne • Approche de la e-Health • Approche du capital social P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  7. 7. • La propulation pro-ana est : • Taille peu importante; • Partiellement cachée; • Vulnérable (risque santé; âge légal);; • Migrations fréquentes• Les enquêtes quantitatives classiques ou la fouille de données peu appropriées• S’appuyer sur des échantillons plus petits, adaptés à une enquête qualitative• Problème de la généralisation des résultats P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  8. 8. •Approche ethno-computationnelle : •Ethnographies en ligne •Expériences en ligne •Analyse des réseaux sociaux •Entretiens sémidirectifs via webcam •Simulations multi-agents•Cadre théorique P Tubaro & AA Casilli« An Ethnographic seduction », BMS,2010 P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  9. 9. • Simulation, ABM (Agent-Based Modelling), « modélisation par agent »• Représentation adaptée d’un phénomène social• Pas des variables, mais des agents• Interaction basée sur un jeu de règles• Changement adaptatif et/ou évolutif dans le temps « Segregation » (Schelling T. (1978).• Particulièrement utile pour Micromotives and Macrobehavior. rétrodictions ou pour Toronto: Norton) expériences contrefactuelles P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  10. 10. P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  11. 11. Un logiciel pour déssiner desréseaux égocentrés•Générateur de noms•Mésurer la force des liens à traversIOS•Détecter liens entre alter•Identifier des sous-groupes d’alter•Comparer les sociogrammes afind’identifier des structures d’autonomie•Identifier des signatures structurellesde compétition ou de coopération P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  12. 12. Graph1 : off-line ties Graph2 : on-line ties P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  13. 13. •Création d’un modèle de •Mesurer l’impact:simulation par agents afin de •Nombre et taille desgénérer des scénarios composants;alternatifs qui permettent des •homogénéité des traits culturels dans les composants;comparaisons additionnelles •Évolution des options de•Générer des hypothèses protection de la vie privée dans le temps.•Etudier la formation de liensaffinitaires en ligne à traversla simulation decomportement agoniques(dissonance) ou coopératifs(bridging/bonding) P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  14. 14. P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  15. 15. • Résultats des simulations (20 000 pas de temps): trois configurations stables (1) Méga-composant (2) Hégémonie (3) « Little Boxes » P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  16. 16. Remarques conclusives• Importance des communautés pro-ana pour comprendre les usages en ligne actuels1. Eléments paradoxaux dans les comportements en ligne: Autonomie comme « volonté » vs. Autonomie comme injonction2. Reconfiguaration des structures sociales à travers un mélange d’usages fonctionnels et dysfonctionnels3. Perspectives de développement de coopération dans une situation d’« apomédiation » P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA
  17. 17. MerciEmail :antonio [dot] casilli [at] ehess [dot] frBlog de recherche :http://www.bodyspacesociety.euVeille Twitter :http://www.twitter.com/bodyspacesoc P Tubaro & AA Casilli Promesses et limites des SMA

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