Developing & capturing innovations


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This presentation describes briefly about 3 digital and online applications which are to be used for teachers professional development in Indonesia. This ppt is an unedited version for AMFIE 2013.

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  • This presentation is sharing 3 tools developed to support Teachers Professional Development in terms of pedagogical skills enhancement and TPD administrative process at school and more strategic level.WAPIK is to be showcased as a tool for teachers to publish their writing/articles, obtain credit point, disseminate and adapt good practices in education.TRIMS is to be explained as a tool for schools to collect, use and share data. One of its indicators of school performance are related with teachers. Schools will be able to use it to record, update, and use teachers data to manage teachers at school level. Districts are able to recapitulate the data to drive teachers professional development (i.e. determine how many teachers will receive funding to obtain bachelor degree, attend certain training, etc)SuMS is to be introduced as a work in progress, where community (including teachers) can file their report on certification incentives need to MoEC. Their reports are to be followed up by people in charge. This initiative is still being institutionalized within MoEC and other service providers as coordinative actions are often still a challenge in Indonesia.
  • To understand the context of Indonesian TPD, there is a framework which is the scaffolding of the initiative. With the issuance of Teachers Law in 2005, hndonesia has undergone teacher reform where major initiatives are in place:By 2015 all teachers need to obtain S-1/bachelor degreeAll teachers need to be certified. Those who are certified are entitled to receive certification incentives.The triangle of professional development: the competency test to map teachers’ skills and performance appraisal are the measure to drive teachers professional developmentContinuing with the mechanism of career advancement prior to the law provision, credit points are collected for progression and salary increments.
  • What are the 5J’s? A technology instructional approach that is: Job-related:Focus on classroom (i.e., instructional and curricular) needs, not technologyJust enough:Emphasize increased comfort, not proficiency, with computersJust in time:Provide teachers with skills as needed and focus on using only thetools they have at their immediate disposalJust in case:Encourage teachers to plan sufficiently in the event of a computermalfunctionJust try it:Apply enough pressure and support to compel teachers to use computers in their classrooms
  • Development of WAPIK: Supported by BEC-TF (The World Bank), MoEC developed WAPIK to share good information and practices.Current management: This application is now being managed and funded by UNESA, as endorsed by Directorate General of Basic Education and supported by Directorate General of Higher Education of MOEC.
  • Users can now become a member by registering to the site and own a dashboard. Questions can also be submitted to administrators.The fan page has become a forum to discuss updates, ideas and issues.
  • Content of WAPIK will be explored in terms of how it supports students’ 21st century skills. The links will lead to different articles of good practices of student-centered learning; use of technology in pedagogy; subject-based innovative ideas; and SBM for TPD.WAPIK training mechanism is also building on the existing practice: socialize and train WAPIK at teachers working group.
  • TRIMS facts:It was piloted in 6 districtsEndorsed and disseminated by MoEC
  • Data guru seringkali yang tahuadalahsekolah – perludicantumkan – reporting kekabupatenuntukevaluasi guru (distribusi, sertifikasi, jenjangpendidikan,kualifikasi guru). Tahun 2015 harus s-1 semuaKewajibankabupaten/kotauntukmenyekolahkan guru menjadi s-1Sampaisekarang: blora, payakumbuh, kotaprobolinggo, kaur (bengkulu), keerom.
  • Schools publication for improved transparency: Reports, flyers, publications based on quality dataUse of data in parliament reporting and negotiations
  • This application was requested from MoEC, GoI in June 2012 as an agenda of Ministry’s bureaucracy reform to enhance accountability and transparency through public participation. It is hosted by MoEC as their website.Technical Assistance from the World Bank team in the development of Support My School application Evolving from Check My School website in the Phillippines, also supported by the World Bank
  • About the application: People are to report needs by selecting Schools Unique identifier and specific needs. Features: log in using facebook details – personal dashboard – discussion forum prior to turning needs to actions - open street map and search box to find schools – documents upload – reports – pivot tables – etc.
  • This business process is already fostered by and in the application. However, breakthroughs in the bureaucracy still need to be made. Currently pilots are being initiated in 3 provinces, 8 districts and 60 schools. MoEC is also in the process of making things work within its bureaucracy by drafting formal appointments of people in charge. Other homework which still need to be done is for MoEC to carry out wider socialization/marketing to the community.The development was quick and the take up from Bureaucracy Reform Task Force was fast. But it’s a work in progress because:Challenge: Low response from the government In the process of institutionalization and piloting in 3 provinces, starting this DecemberUnder review and formative evaluationSo wish us luck!
  • Change management:ICT software is ever-evolving, milestones for revision needs to be set and agreed from time to timeIntitutionalization takes time and effort and the challenging task is to ensure roles and responsibilities, and coordination among units/organizations in charge
  • ICT Tools DO support TPD effectively, to the extent that:The tool and its usage are being institutionalized/formally endorsed;The program is being carried out in such a way that it provides coaching or follow up after training; Participative in nature Incentives are incorporated.
  • Developing & capturing innovations

    1. 1. Developing & Capturing Innovations: ICT-Based Tools for Teachers Professional Development Petra Wiyakti Bodrogini World Bank Office Jakarta November 26, 2013 (Unedited version)
    2. 2. Three Tools 1. WAPIK 2. TRIMS 3. SuMS
    3. 3. Teachers Professional Development in Indonesia
    4. 4. Framework of Using Technology for TPD The 5 Js of Technology (Burns and Dimmock): Job-related Just enough Just in time Just in case Just try it OECD: Stimulating teachers and users’ innovation for continuous improvement
    5. 5. WAPIK Online Good Practices and Information Sharing
    6. 6. About WAPIK • Allows Indonesian educators and educational staff across Indonesia to share and take advantage from education good practices and information with: Shown impact Affordable cost Sustainability Replicable strategy • Now it is hosted and being managed by State University of Surabaya, as endorsed and supervised by MoEC.
    7. 7. Categories based search • Teaching and learning for all levels • School based innovation • Local education office on education governance good practices • Teaching and learning resources • Students’ voice • List of schools and facilitators
    8. 8. Interacting with WAPIK • Submit an article and questions to website administrator through website icon and email • Facebook fan page
    9. 9. Encouraging Teachers’ Innovations • A 21st century support system for professional development – – – – Student-centered learning Use of technology Subject-based innovative ideas School based management for TPD • Training and access of WAPIK at Teachers Working Group • Token of innovation: Obtaining credit for career advancement by articles publication
    10. 10. Involvement and Visits 206,000 visits - 170,000 visitors 500 educators attended workshops 2000 educators were exposed to WAPIK and the usage continues…
    11. 11. Behind WAPIK – support for knowledge sharing Content & Articles Writing Training Support Technology Support Building local capacity More than 700 articles, videos, and learning resources
    12. 12. What they say about WAPIK My colleagues at the teachers working group asked me to teach them how to write.. My students are now really into learning in my classes… PLAY VIDEO >> (Video to be supplied)
    13. 13. TRIMS Tool for Reporting and Information Management By School
    14. 14. TRIMS • An excel-based spreadsheet to be used by schools and districts to record data and present information • Challenge: Schools report data Ministry to the Ministry for national educational data warehouse but Provinces have limited access to use Districts schools individual data Schools • TRIMS is a solution for EMIS at school and district level to collect, use and share data • Measure schools’ performance against Minimum Service Standard
    15. 15. Indicators School Resources •Access and Participation •No of classes in school •No of male students •No of female students •Total no of students •% of female students •Net enrollment rates • % Under/Overage •Students/Class •Quality of Teaching •% teachers Certified in Special areas •% teachers with D-IV Qualification •% teachers with S-1 •% Teachers applies regular assessment •% Teachers applies lesson plans •% Teachers trained in ICT Human Resources Performance •Dropout Rate •Repetition Rate •Promotion Rate •Survival Rate •Students/Teacher •Female Students/WC •Male Students/ WC •No of Staff/ WC •Students/Computer • Book/Students •% of temporary teachers Minimum Service Standards •teaching staff / non-staff •Rooms/Classrooms/Labs •% female teachers •Admin/Teacher •Teacher Absence Index •Evaluation/ Supervision •Surplus & shortage •Teaching/lab materials •Students’ Absence Rate • loads/qualifications •Average Score per grade •Certification •Scores in national exams •School Rank In national exams Finance • Actual Cost per Student • Utilization of Revenues •% of BOS to Total Revenue •Total Expense - BOS Gap •% of Fee Waived Students •Average fee paid / month 15
    16. 16. Sample of School TRIMS based outputs
    17. 17. Sample districts TRIMS based outputs
    18. 18. TRIMS for Schools and Teachers Management
    19. 19. Result based strategy Inputs Stakeholders Workshops Software Development Learning materials Design/Implement Training Programs Outputs Assessment Report TRIMS Application Manuals TOT Outcomes 5000 schools use TRIMS 8 districts used TRIMS-K for analysis, planning, and reporting Impact Improved transparency: schools publication of data Improved accountability: parliament’s use of data Informed decisions: Teacher Deployment, promoting MSS
    20. 20. SUPPORT MY SCHOOL SuMS: A Work in Progress http://bantusekolahku.
    21. 21. About SuMS • A drive from MoEC and launched in December 2012 • Online application for community to report school needs • More than 130,000 users and 3300 reports submitted by the community to file needs of 2200 schools
    22. 22. Need categories and Features Schools Facilities • New built and reconstruction of classrooms and libraries • Other facilities requests (e.g. ICT equipment) Students and Financing • School grants for primary and secondary schools • Scholarships and poor students fund support Educators Teaching and Learning Q&A • Incentives for certified teachers • Books • Free topic questions SuMS’ features:
    23. 23. How is it supposed to work? Report Needs Respond to Needs Close Requests Dispatch Alert Confirm Needs View Data It’s a work in progress….
    24. 24. Concluding From Experience: Some Good Practices and lessons learned
    25. 25. • Teachers are most eager users of ICT tools (91% articles submitted to WAPIK are from teachers on teaching and learning strategies) What We Observe • Training alone is not sufficient. Ongoing support was given to ensure successful implementation – • Change management – ICT software is everevolving, milestones need to be agreed – Intitutionalization takes time and effort
    26. 26. ICT-based Tools Do Support TPD Effectively The key words…. Instutionalization Follow Up Participative Incentives
    27. 27. Thank you
    28. 28. Extra Slides: Stats
    29. 29. WAPIK – Last Quarter
    30. 30. Using TRIMS, various means/ways are possible Paper based 84% Flashdisk Aceh Besar Majene Pacitan Palangka Raya 3% 4% 14% 11% 29% 46% 42% Jayapura 4% 8% 10% 26% 31% 36% 34% 64% 82% 87% Email Sragen
    31. 31. SuMS Report – November 14, 2013