The Romantic Style  in Art and Music Chapter 29 Humanities 103 Beth Camp, Instructor
Navigating the slide show <ul><li>To see “full screen” images,  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RIGHT CLICK on your mouse </li></ul>...
Romantic Themes 1800-1850 <ul><li>Celebrates nature and natural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Glorifies heroism, suffering a...
Romantic Stereotypes <ul><li>“ If I give myself up to love, I want it to wound me deeply, to electrify me, to break my hea...
What is the Romantic Ideal? Byronic Hero Poet-Visionary Bohemian Virtuoso Romantic  Historian Source:  Peckham
Glorification of the Hero <ul><li>Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) </li></ul><ul><li>Antoine-Jean Gros (1775-1835) </li></u...
Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) <ul><li>Supported revolution, imprisoned, supporter of Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>1801-180...
David <ul><li>Napoleon at St.  </li></ul><ul><li>Bernard, 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this painting considered Romantic?...
David <ul><li>Marat Assassinated, 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Marat? </li></ul><ul><li>Why would this </li></ul><ul><li...
David <ul><li>Self Portrait, 1794 </li></ul><ul><li>What insights do </li></ul><ul><li>you gain into  </li></ul><ul><li>Da...
Caspar Friedrich <ul><li>The Wanderer in a Sea of Fog, 1818 </li></ul><ul><li>What does this painting suggest about how Ro...
Antoine-Jean Gros (1775-1835) <ul><li>Pupil of David, but rejected Neoclassicism </li></ul><ul><li>Key paintings:  Napoleo...
Gros <ul><li>Napoleon at Eylau, 1808 </li></ul><ul><li>Is this painting of </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon a Romantic painting?...
Romantic Heroism <ul><li>Francisco Goya (1746-1828) </li></ul><ul><li>Theodore Gericault (1791-1824) </li></ul>What key th...
Francisco Goya (1746-1828) <ul><li>Portrait painter to Spanish Court.  Protested French invasion of Spain. </li></ul><ul><...
Goya:  Christ, 1780 Next:  Family of Carlos IV, 1800-1801
Goya
Goya
Goya <ul><li>Self-portrait, 1790-1795 </li></ul><ul><li>What insight do you  </li></ul><ul><li>gain into Goya from </li></...
Goya <ul><li>Duchess of Alba, 1797  </li></ul>
Goya:  Clothed Maja, 1801-1803 <ul><li>Goya painted a double of this painting called the  Naked Maja  which was privately ...
Goya:  The Shootings of May Third, 1808
Goya <ul><li>Prison,  1810-1814 </li></ul><ul><li>What mood does this  painting create?  How? </li></ul>
Goya,  Black Paintings, 1820-1823
Eugene Delacroix, 1798-1863 <ul><li>Foremost French Romantic painter, produced 805 paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of o...
Delacroix <ul><li>Orphan Girl at the Cemetary,  1824 </li></ul><ul><li>In general, how </li></ul><ul><li>would you describ...
 
Eugene Delacroix <ul><li>Top:  Drawing for  Death at Sardanapalaus </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom:  Tiger Attacking a Horse </li...
Delacroix
Delacroix
Romantic Painting <ul><li>“The most sublime effects of every master are often the result of pictorial license; for example...
Delacroix <ul><li>Self Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>What insight do you  </li></ul><ul><li>gain into Delacroix </li></ul><ul...
Theodore Gericault (1791-1824) <ul><li>Avid horseman, painted military subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Shocked critics with mou...
 
Gericault <ul><li>Detail of  The Raft of Medusa </li></ul><ul><li>What is the theme of this painting?  </li></ul><ul><li>W...
Gericault <ul><li>The Woman with Gambling Mania , 1822 </li></ul>
Henry Fuseli (1741-1825) <ul><li>Inspired by Michelangelo, drawn to religious studies </li></ul><ul><li>Fascinated by horr...
 
The Romantic Imagination <ul><li>“ Strange as it may seem, the great majority of people are devoid of imagination.” </li><...
What characterizes Romanticism? <ul><li>How do the early Romantic artists, composers or thinkers differ from later Romanti...
Resources <ul><li>Images from Mark Hardin’s Artchives at  http://www.artchives.com </li></ul><ul><li>Categories of the Rom...
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Pp Chap29

  1. 1. The Romantic Style in Art and Music Chapter 29 Humanities 103 Beth Camp, Instructor
  2. 2. Navigating the slide show <ul><li>To see “full screen” images, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RIGHT CLICK on your mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select “full screen” on the menu that appears </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the SPACE BAR or BACKSPACE to move forward or back </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use ESCAPE at any time to end the show </li></ul><ul><li>Click on SOUND icons to hear added comments </li></ul>
  3. 3. Romantic Themes 1800-1850 <ul><li>Celebrates nature and natural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Glorifies heroism, suffering and death </li></ul><ul><li>Supports nationalism and political independence </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes nature’s wild, mysterious, exotic, melancholic, melodramatic aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypes gender roles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Romantic Stereotypes <ul><li>“ If I give myself up to love, I want it to wound me deeply, to electrify me, to break my heart or to exhalt me. . . What I want is to suffer, to go crazy.” </li></ul><ul><li>--a character from Sand’s novel </li></ul><ul><li> (quoted in Fiero 48) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is the Romantic Ideal? Byronic Hero Poet-Visionary Bohemian Virtuoso Romantic Historian Source: Peckham
  6. 6. Glorification of the Hero <ul><li>Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) </li></ul><ul><li>Antoine-Jean Gros (1775-1835) </li></ul>What is characteristic of these early Romantic painters?
  7. 7. Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) <ul><li>Supported revolution, imprisoned, supporter of Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>1801-1807 portraits of Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Essentially more Neoclassic than Romantic </li></ul>As you look at the next paintings, what are the key characteristics of each work?
  8. 8. David <ul><li>Napoleon at St. </li></ul><ul><li>Bernard, 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this painting considered Romantic? </li></ul>
  9. 9. David <ul><li>Marat Assassinated, 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Marat? </li></ul><ul><li>Why would this </li></ul><ul><li>moment be </li></ul><ul><li>chosen to paint? </li></ul>
  10. 10. David <ul><li>Self Portrait, 1794 </li></ul><ul><li>What insights do </li></ul><ul><li>you gain into </li></ul><ul><li>David’s character </li></ul><ul><li>from this painting? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Caspar Friedrich <ul><li>The Wanderer in a Sea of Fog, 1818 </li></ul><ul><li>What does this painting suggest about how Romantics “see” nature? What mood is created? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Antoine-Jean Gros (1775-1835) <ul><li>Pupil of David, but rejected Neoclassicism </li></ul><ul><li>Key paintings: Napoleon Visiting Plague Victims at Jaffa, other paintings of Napoleon at war </li></ul><ul><li>As you look at the next painting, why would Gros be selected as the “official battle painter”? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Gros <ul><li>Napoleon at Eylau, 1808 </li></ul><ul><li>Is this painting of </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon a Romantic painting? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Romantic Heroism <ul><li>Francisco Goya (1746-1828) </li></ul><ul><li>Theodore Gericault (1791-1824) </li></ul>What key themes are seen in the next Paintings? Which would you consider most “romantic”? Why?
  15. 15. Francisco Goya (1746-1828) <ul><li>Portrait painter to Spanish Court. Protested French invasion of Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Then court painter to French court. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain returns to power. Spanish king says Goya should be charged with treason but he’s forgiven because his paintings were excellent. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why was Goya considered the first of the moderns? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do we say that he began 19 th Century realism? What in his paintings suggests a more realistic style? </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Goya: Christ, 1780 Next: Family of Carlos IV, 1800-1801
  17. 17. Goya
  18. 18. Goya
  19. 19. Goya <ul><li>Self-portrait, 1790-1795 </li></ul><ul><li>What insight do you </li></ul><ul><li>gain into Goya from </li></ul><ul><li>this self-portrait? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Goya <ul><li>Duchess of Alba, 1797 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Goya: Clothed Maja, 1801-1803 <ul><li>Goya painted a double of this painting called the Naked Maja which was privately circulated. Why was this considered controversial? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Goya: The Shootings of May Third, 1808
  23. 23. Goya <ul><li>Prison, 1810-1814 </li></ul><ul><li>What mood does this painting create? How? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Goya, Black Paintings, 1820-1823
  25. 25. Eugene Delacroix, 1798-1863 <ul><li>Foremost French Romantic painter, produced 805 paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of opposition to David, seen in Barque of Dante </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by England and trip to Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Noted for color, exotic themes, portraits, and animals in motion </li></ul>
  26. 26. Delacroix <ul><li>Orphan Girl at the Cemetary, 1824 </li></ul><ul><li>In general, how </li></ul><ul><li>would you describe </li></ul><ul><li>Delacroix’ work? </li></ul><ul><li>Next: Liberty Leading the People, 1830 </li></ul>
  27. 28. Eugene Delacroix <ul><li>Top: Drawing for Death at Sardanapalaus </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom: Tiger Attacking a Horse </li></ul><ul><li>Next: </li></ul><ul><li>Algerian Women, 1834 </li></ul><ul><li>Crusaders, 1840 </li></ul>
  28. 29. Delacroix
  29. 30. Delacroix
  30. 31. Romantic Painting <ul><li>“The most sublime effects of every master are often the result of pictorial license; for example, the lack of finish in Rembrandt’s work, the exaggeration in Rubens. Mediocre painters never have sufficient daring, they never get beyond themselves.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Delacroix (Fiero 55) </li></ul>
  31. 32. Delacroix <ul><li>Self Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>What insight do you </li></ul><ul><li>gain into Delacroix </li></ul><ul><li>from this self-portrait? </li></ul><ul><li>What mood does </li></ul><ul><li>it create? </li></ul>
  32. 33. Theodore Gericault (1791-1824) <ul><li>Avid horseman, painted military subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Shocked critics with mournful subject matter and colors </li></ul><ul><li>“ Raft of Medusa” controversial, considered “macabre realism” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How would you describe the composition of the Raft of Medusa? How many “triangles” do you see in the composition? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 35. Gericault <ul><li>Detail of The Raft of Medusa </li></ul><ul><li>What is the theme of this painting? </li></ul><ul><li>What symbols do you see here and how do they reinforce the theme? </li></ul>
  34. 36. Gericault <ul><li>The Woman with Gambling Mania , 1822 </li></ul>
  35. 37. Henry Fuseli (1741-1825) <ul><li>Inspired by Michelangelo, drawn to religious studies </li></ul><ul><li>Fascinated by horror and the fantastic </li></ul><ul><li>Much respected during his life but then neglected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuseli is characterized as a romantic painter. Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Next: The Nightmare, 1781 </li></ul>
  36. 39. The Romantic Imagination <ul><li>“ Strange as it may seem, the great majority of people are devoid of imagination.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>--Delacroix (Fiero 55) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 40. What characterizes Romanticism? <ul><li>How do the early Romantic artists, composers or thinkers differ from later Romantic artists or or thinkers? </li></ul><ul><li>Based on what you know now, how would you define “romanticism” or “realism”? </li></ul>
  38. 41. Resources <ul><li>Images from Mark Hardin’s Artchives at http://www.artchives.com </li></ul><ul><li>Categories of the Romantic Ideal from Morse Peckham, ed. Romanticism: The Culture of the 19 th Century . New York: George Braziller (1984). </li></ul>

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