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Portugal’s Early place in Exploration
• Prince Henry the Navigator-creates a school
for navigators
• Bartholomeu Diaz Expl...
Christopher Columbus
• Italian Sailor- Hired by Spain Queen Isabella
and King Ferdinand to sail west to Asia
• Lands on Hi...
Dividing up the New world
• Spain and Portugal have claims all over and they
are competing for control.
• They are both Ca...
Aztecs and Cortez
• Hernan Cortez conquers the Aztec empire
• He makes alliances with their enemies.
Between the effects o...
Pizzaro and the Incas
• Pizzaro conquers the Inca of south America
quickly. Small Pox again. He holds their ruler,
Atahual...
The relationship b/t England and Spain
before the Spanish Armada
• England wants a piece of the action. The sponsor
John C...
Spanish Armada and its overall effect
• Queen Elizabeth (England) is sponsoring “Sea
Dogs” like Sir Francis Drake to raid ...
French Settlements
• The French explorer Samuel de Champlain
founded New France along the St Lawrence
River.
• The main pu...
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Early explorers - this is a set of summary slides after an in class activity

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Early explorers - this is a set of summary slides after an in class activity

  1. 1. Portugal’s Early place in Exploration • Prince Henry the Navigator-creates a school for navigators • Bartholomeu Diaz Explored down Africa’s coast then Vasco de Gama follows Diaz’s route and finds India • This makes Portugal the most powerful country in Europe for a time
  2. 2. Christopher Columbus • Italian Sailor- Hired by Spain Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand to sail west to Asia • Lands on Hispanola • Conquers the local people on his 4 journeys • Smallpox kills most of the native populations • Columbus dies a pauper
  3. 3. Dividing up the New world • Spain and Portugal have claims all over and they are competing for control. • They are both Catholic and they ask the Pope to settle it • The Treaty of Tordesillas sets the line of Demarcation which divides the New World between the two. Guaranteeing that Rome gets lots of money from both of the “peaceful” countries. • “Mercantilism” brings raw materials back to the home country
  4. 4. Aztecs and Cortez • Hernan Cortez conquers the Aztec empire • He makes alliances with their enemies. Between the effects of Smallpox and the power of the Spanish and the Aztecs enemies, they are easily defeated.
  5. 5. Pizzaro and the Incas • Pizzaro conquers the Inca of south America quickly. Small Pox again. He holds their ruler, Atahualpa hostage and eventually kills him after the ransom is paid.
  6. 6. The relationship b/t England and Spain before the Spanish Armada • England wants a piece of the action. The sponsor John Cabot to go west. He discovers Newfoundland. • The Spanish counter by funding Vasquez de Coronado (SW Am.) and Hernando de Soto (SW Am.) • Spanish “found” St.Augustine • The English and Spanish clash over wealth and religion (Spanish = Catholic, English = Protestant)
  7. 7. Spanish Armada and its overall effect • Queen Elizabeth (England) is sponsoring “Sea Dogs” like Sir Francis Drake to raid Spanish treasure ships. 1588- Spain sends an Armada of 130 ships (the Spanish Armada) to defeat the English and re-Catholic England. • They get trashed in a hurricane on the way then the more experienced and faster English defeat them • England gets “Sea Dominance” setting the stage for the British Empire.
  8. 8. French Settlements • The French explorer Samuel de Champlain founded New France along the St Lawrence River. • The main purpose was fur trade and the French integrated with the native peoples well adopting their ways and becoming allies. This made

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