BIOFUEL - PROGRESS IN INDONESIA Dr.-Ing. Evita H. Legowo1st Secretary of National Team for Biofuel Development 2nd INDONESIA INTERNATIONAL FUEL AND LUBES CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION Jakarta, 19 November 2007
OUTLINEBackgroundTarget Of Biofuel Share In2010Biofuel ProgramChallengesProgress of BiofuelDevelopment
NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY (PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 5 YEAR 2006) CURRENT ENERGI MIX (1 billion BOE) National Energy Mix 2025 (3 billion BOE) Hydro Power, (Presidential Decree No. 5/2006) 3.11% National (Primary) Energy Mix Geothermal, Oil, 1.32% 20% Natural Gas, 28.57% Biofuel, 5% Gas, 30% Geothermal, 5% RE,17% Biomass, Nuclear, Hydro Oil Solar Energy,51.66% Wind Power, 5% Coal, 15.34% Coal Liquefaction 2% Coal , 33%
LAW NO 30/2007 ON ENERGYENERGY DIVERSIVICATION • Central and Regional Government have an obligation to increase supply and utilization of new energy and renewable energy, in their scope of authority. • Energy supply from new energy and renewable energy resources that is carried out by corporate, and private may gain facilities and/or incentives from Central Government and/or Regional Government in their scope of authorizations for specific period of time until it meets its economical value.
BACKGROUND OF INDONESIAN BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT1. High bio-diversity in Indonesia, including biofuel feedstock2. Land availability for biofuel development3. Proven biofuel technology by local potential (Engineering, Research and Development)4. Biofuel industry allows community participations, including farmer5. High number of unemployment (40 million people) that could be employed in biofuel industry6. Opportunity in exporting biofuel product7. Biofuel is renewable energy.
BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Energy Self Sufficient Village SHORT RUN LONG RUN Create Job Each RegionFast Track Developing its Biofuel Energy Potential Poverty Alleviation SPECIAL BIOFUEL ZONE • Infrastructure • Demplot • On time schedule • Explicit investment employment ratio
TARGET 20101. Job creation for 3.5 million unemployment2. Increasing income for On-Farm and Off-Farm workers in biofuel sector up to the Regional Minimum Payment3. Development of biofuel plantation in 5.25 million ha unused land4. 1000 Energy Self Sufficient Villages and 12 Special biofuel Zone5. Reducing Fossil Fuel for transportation up to 10%
CHALLENGES1. Land availability for Biofuel Development Land availability inventory, synchronizing data2. High price of biodiesel feedstock, especially CPO Feedstock diversification is needed3. Improving quality of Biofuel commodities Agricultural research on biofuel commodities sector4. Improving national technological capabilities on biofuel processing Research and Development, technology transfer on biofuel processing with more experienced parties5. The price of biofuel that has not yet competitive in compare with fossil fuel Feedstock diversification and effective technology will decrease the price of biofuel6. Issues fuel versus food
BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT PROGRESSAvailability of biofuel Development Blue Print and RoadMapAvailability of biofuel Development Regulations andStandardsBiodiesel (B-2.5), has been sold in 202 gas stations inJakarta, 11 gas stations in Surabaya, and 10 gas stations inBali.Bioethanol (E-3), biopremium is available in 1 gas station inMalang. Bio-Pertamax has been sold in 14 gas stations inJakarta, 7 gas stations in Surabaya, 4 gas stations inMalang, and 10 gas stations in Bali.Starting of Energy Self Sufficient Village (ESSV) usingbiofuel, this month will be launched 132 ESSV.Commitments of Investor to develop biofuel (17M US$)Biofuel production has been started in Indonesia
REGULATIONS related to BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT1. Presidential Regulation No. 5/2006 on National Energy Policy2. Presidential Instruction No. 1/2006 on Supply and Utilization of Biofuel as Alternative Fuel3. Presidential Decree No. 10/2006 on The Establishment of National Team for Biofuel Development4. Estate Crop Law No. 18/20045. Government Regulation No. 1/2007 on Income Tax Facilities for Investment Activities in Specific Industries and/or Particular Region6. Government Regulation No. 8/2007 on The Government Investment7. Law No. 22/2001 on Oil and Natural Gas8. Presidential Regulation No. 36/2004 on Oil and Natural Gas Downstream Activities
REGULATIONS related to BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT (continuation)9. Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Decree No. 051/2006 on Guideline and Procedure for Biofuel Businesses10. Minister of Finance Decree No. 117/PMK.06/2006 on Credit for the Development of Biofuel Energy and Plantation Revitalization11. National Standard (SNI) for Biodiesel No. 04 – 7182 – 200612. National Standard (SNI) for Bioethanol No. DT27 – 0001 – 200613. Director General for Oil and Gas Decree No. 3674K/24/DJM/2006 on Gasoline Specification for Domestic Market14. Director General for Oil and Gas Decree No. 3675K/24/DJM/2006 on Diesel Fuel Specification for Domestic Market15. Director General for Oil and Gas Decree No. 13483K/24/DJM/2006 Biodiesel Specification for Domestic Market
FACILITIES AND INCENTIVES FOR BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT• Governmental Regulation No. 1 / 2007 Jatropha NURSERY on Income Tax for Investment in Center Pakuwon- Pakuwon- Certain Businesses and/or Certain West Java Area Biofuel development is included in certain businesses which is given income tax facility in form of net income reduction, 30% from the total investment.• Governmental Regulation No. 8 / 2007 Set up of Indonesia Biofuel Fund• Seed Capital for Indonesia Biofuel Fund: US$ 220 million.
FACILITIES AND INCENTIVES FOR BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT (Continuation)• Minister of Finance Regulation No. 117/PMK.06/2006 on Credit for Bio-energy Development and Plantation Revitalization Credit for bio-energy development and plantation revitalization is prepared in order to support funding for biofuel feedstock development program and plantation revitalization. Plantation development that could be funded by credit for bio-energy development and plantation rehabilitation includes plantation expansion, rehabilitation and rejuvenation.
Biofuel for Community Developments Biofuel for Rural Communities Small-Scale Bio-Energy Project: Bio-Briquette: Jatropha Seeds. PPO: a blend of Straight Jatropha Oil with Diesel-Fuel for Rural Tractor, Water Pump & Transportation or Fishing Boat Engine. Bio-Fertilizer: from organic waste. Bio-kerosene for cooking Bio-soap: from Jatropha Oil. Government Grant for Superior seedling/ Nursery, Small-scale Plant, Pilot Projects, Irrigation Energy Self Sufficient Village
PRODUCTION OF FUEL GRADE BIOETHANOL – April 2007: 82.500 KL BPPT Lampung 2,500 kl/yr (cassava)SUGAR GROUP Lampung 70,000 kl/yr Molindo Raya Malang, Jatim 10,000 kl/yr
ADDITIONAL PRODUCTION OF FG BIOETHANOL: 2 million up to 2,7 million kL/year (1,1 million ha): 2007 – 2010 Sugar cane Cassava SALIM MEDCO EN3 Korea ANGEL SORINI Tbk GROUP Lampung, Sulsel, PRODUCT Sultra, Sumsel Jabar, 180,000 kl/yr Sultra 200,000 kl/yr RNI, PTPN70,000 kl/yr Kalimantan 45,000 ha 10,000 kl/yr 150,000 ha 2,8,8,9,10,11,14 70,000 ha 270,000 kl/yr 8,000 ha Sumut, Lampung, 50,000 ha Sulsel, Jawa, NTT 200,000 kl/yr 60,000 + 40,000 haSUNGAI BUDI Lampung 120,000 kl/yr 25,000 haSUGAR GROUP Lampung, MITSUI Sumsel, SAMPURNA PETROBRAS MOLINDO Kalimantan Madiun, Papua, WILMAR GROUP Lampung, 500,000 kl/yr Pawonsari Kalimantan, Lampung, Sumsel Kediri, Pacitan 200,000 ha 375,000 kl/yr 500,000 kl/yr 70,000 kl/yr 100,000 kl/yr 25,000 ha 100,000 ha 200,000 ha 70,000 ha
PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL – October 2007: 840.000 Ton/Year PTPN 4 & GANESHA WILMAR PT. INDO ENERGI Medan GROUP Dumai BIOFUELS 4,000 ton/yr 350,000 ton/yr ENERGY (CPO) (CPO) 20.000 ton/yr (CPO) BPPT Serpong300,000 ton/yr (CPO) RAP Bintaro1,650 ton/yr (CPO) ETERINDO EAI Jakarta SUMIASIH DHARMA Gresik & 500 ton/yr Bekasi 4,000 ton/yr Tanggerang (CPO) 40,000 ton/yr (CPO) 120,000 ton/yr (CPO) (CPO)
ADDITIONAL PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL : 7 million kL/year (3,6 million ha): 2007 – 2011 Sawit WILMAR Jatropha GROUP TOLARAM ASIATIC GROUP INDOMAL+PTPN Kalbar BUMN AGROSumatra, Borneo Medan, Banten, Kalbar Riau, Jambi, 1,000,000 kl/yr 110,000 ha 80,000 ha Pekanbaru Sumsel, 180,000 ha 1,500,000 kl/yr CLEAN Kalimantan, Papua BIOFUEL Inti 220,000 haPERTAMINA Gorontalo Plasma 880,000 ha Dumai, 50,000 ha Balongan, MUTING GROUPBalikpapan Merauke500,000 kl/yr 290,000 haSINARMAS Dumai400,000 kl/yr BAKRIE, INDOFOOD, ASIANAGRO SUMIASIH PT. INDOSumatra, Jawa BIOFUELS SINARMAS 600,000 kl/yr ENERGY LEMIGAS Kalbar, GENTING Merak, Jawa, 3000 kl/yr Merauke GROUP 160.000 kl/yr 440,000 ha Merauke SWEDEN 400,000 ha APROBI BP INDOMAL 9 BADAN GROUP NTT, Papua, BIOENERGY Sula & USAHAKalimantan Kalimantan NTT 350,000 kl/yr Merauke Merauke100,000 ha 100,000 ha 100,000 ha 300,000 ha 340,000 ha
BIOFUEL POWER GENERATOR 2007No. Location Numbers of Total Capacity Power Generator (MW)1 North Sumatera 1 4.52 Maluku 7 4.03 Riau and The Islands of Riau 2 14.14 Lampung 1 11.05 Bali 1 1.56 South Kalimantan 5 19.87 East Kalimantan 7 16.0 TOTAL 24 70.9