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Committee of the Regions

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The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is the European Union's (EU) assembly of local and regional representatives that provides sub-national authorities (i.e. regions, counties, provinces, municipalities and cities) with a direct voice within the EU's institutional framework.

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Committee of the Regions

  1. 1. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 1 1by: Bobur Nazarmuhamedov Committee of the Regions
  2. 2. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 22 What is the Committee of the Regions?
  3. 3. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 33 What is the Committee of the Regions (CoR)? A political assembly of the European Union, representing local and regional authorities. Aim:  To improve EU legislation using the expertise of local and regional representatives To act as the voice of local and regional authorities in Brussels To bring Europe closer to its citizens
  4. 4. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 4 Key dates  1992 Maastricht Treaty creates the CoR  1994 First plenary session held in Brussels  1995 The number of CoR members increases from 189 to 222 as the EU-12 expands to EU-15  1997 Treaty of Amsterdam strengthens the CoR by increasing its field of mandatory consultation and allows referrals from the European Parliament  2003 Treaty of Nice states CoR members must hold an electoral mandate or be politically accountable  2004 The number of CoR members increases from 222 to 317 in the EU-25  2004 Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe boosts the institutional status and political role of the CoR  2007 The number of CoR members increases from 317 to 344 members in the EU-27  2007 Lisbon Treaty enhances the status and political role of the CoR
  5. 5. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 5 CoR in brief  344 members representing local and regional authorities + 317 alternates (and 27 Bulgarian and Romanian observers)  25 national delegations comprising members from the same Member State  4 political groups  6 thematic commissions
  6. 6. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 6 Members
  7. 7. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 7 Internal Structure  President The president guides the Committee’s work, chairs plenary sessions and is the CoR’s official representative. He or she serves a two-year term.  First vice-president The first vice-president is also elected for two years by the plenary assembly, to represent the president in the latter’s absence.  Bureau The Bureau is the ruling body of the CoR. It comprises 60 members: the president, first vice-president, 27 vice-presidents (one per Member State), the four presidents of the CoR political groups and 27 other members, enabling it to reflect national and political balances.  Plenary assembly The 344 members of the CoR meet in plenary session in Brussels five times a year, to discuss and adopt opinions, reports and resolutions.
  8. 8. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 8 Internal Structure  CoR commissions The CoR structures its work by means of six commissions, which specialise in the following areas: territorial cohesion policy; economic and social policy; sustainable development; culture, education and research; external relations and decentralised cooperation; and constitutional affairs, governance and the area of freedom, security and justice.  Committee for Administrative and Financial Affairs (CAFA); This committee — which has eight members — advises the Bureau on administrative and financial questions.  The political groups The CoR has four political groups: the European People’s Party (EPP), the Party of European Socialists (PES), the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) and the Union for Europe of the Nations — European Alliance (UEN–EA). Some members are independent.
  9. 9. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 9 Internal Structure National delegations The CoR also comprises 27 national delegations. Members meet in their national delegations before plenary sessions and other events to discuss common positions.  Secretary-general The secretary-general is appointed for five years by the Bureau. Gerhard Stahl, a German national, was appointed to the post in April 2004. As head of the CoR administration, the secretary-general must not hold a political mandate. He is responsible for implementing Bureau decisions and the smooth running of the administration.  Secretariat-general The secretariat-general consists of four directorates — Administration; Consultative Works; Registry, Legal Service and Assistance to Members; and Communication, Press and Protocol. The units for budget, personnel, commission work and interinstitutional relations are organised within this structure.
  10. 10. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 10 Activity  plenary sessions, where the members vote on and adopt opinions;  bureau meetings, where the executive decisions are taken,  commission meetings where draft opinions are adopted,  and the Open Days, an annual week-long event that brings together regional and local actors from all over Europe to exchange ideas and best practices.
  11. 11. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 11 The COR and EU decision-making European Commission European Parliament Council of the EU DECISION PROPOSAL CODECISION CONSULTATION CONSULTATIONEESC COR
  12. 12. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 12 Consultation  Economic and social cohesion  Education and youth  Culture  Public health  Trans-European networks  Transport  Employment  Social affairs  Environment  European Social Fund  Vocational training Mandatory consultation - Optional consultation  The Council, the Commission and the Parliament may request an opinion from the COR, where they consider it appropriate.  The COR may decide to draw up an opinion, where the European Economic and Social Committee has been consulted, and where it considers that specific regional or local interests are involved.  The COR may draw up an opinion on its own initiative, where it considers such action appropriate.
  13. 13. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 13 Types of consultation  Consultative opinions  Resolutions - declarations adopted in accordance with an accelerated procedure  Outlook opinions – opinions drawn up by the COR before the European Commission drafts a Green/White Paper on the subject  Outlook reports – preliminary reports drawn up before the European Commission’s proposals are made public  Impact reports - to evaluate the impact of policy at local and regional level  Studies – on various aspects of the local and regional dimension of the EU
  14. 14. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 14 The Commissions  COTER - Commission for Territorial Cohesion Policy  ECOS - Commission for Economic and Social Policy  DEVE - Commission for Sustainable Development  EDUC - Commission for Culture, Education and Research  CONST- Commission for Constitutional Affairs, European Governance and the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice  RELEX - Commission for External Relations and Decentralised Cooperation  and the Commission for Financial and Administrative Affairs (CFAA)
  15. 15. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 15 What does CoR mean for member countries
  16. 16. Click to edit Master title style • Click to edit Master text styles • Second level • Third level • Fourth level • Fifth level 1616 Thank you for your attention www.cor.europa.eu

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