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  1. 1. COMMUNISM By: Nadia Cochinwala and Viraj Kadakia
  2. 2. Communism? A theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members.
  3. 3. Karl Marx May 5, 1818-March 14, 1883 Declared himself an atheist Studied at the University of Berlin, he studied Hegelian philosophy and became interested in economics He befriended Friedrich Engels, who supported him financially for the rest of his life. They both put together the Communist Manifesto in 1848 His books were blueprints for a Communist world order
  4. 4. Communist Manifesto The Communist Manifesto explains the goals of Communism, with the theory underlying this movement The Manifesto argues that communism is inevitable, and that capitalism is inherently unstable, however a revolution will be required for this to occur. Also states that Communism is the ending point of our social and political life, where there are no governments, and everyone is equal with no hierarchy according to the manifesto.
  5. 5. Continued...
  6. 6. Flow Chart Primitive Communism • • • • small tribe not very educated no one owned land shared everything Feudalism • • • • king/emperor becomes ruler gives land to nobles to rule the people for him people kept uneducated some people got richer due to trade
  7. 7. Flow Chart Capitalism • • • business owners get richer capitalists get more power to serve their own interests created a huge-class of people who get angry and organize into unions Socialism • • • • all rulers, kings, churches, capitalists are got rid of workers take control of the country to produce things for everyone no profit and everyone benefits ideas make a lot of people happy
  8. 8. Flow Chart Communism • • no more wards, and people are sharing, and no more money human activity goes towards benefiting each other All of this was based on the philosophy of Karl Marx and was interpreted just like this from the Communist Manifesto. He believed that this is how the route to communism is and cannot be stopped. Right now the world is in a capitalistic stage, and even in communist areas, they aren’t completely developed.
  9. 9. Changes to Communism Definition of Communism: A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people. ( The definition above is not what Communism was preached to be by Karl Marx. The definition above basically states a Dictatorship or Totalitarianism type of rule. The original meaning of Communism" is by definition "From the people, for the people." There is no ruler in a "Communist" society, but these days countries such as the the dissolved Soviet Union used communism in a dictatorship manner and abused the policies. In reality, communism has changed from being a peaceful, non-governing state, to a government who looks over a classless society. So in general, communism doesn’t exist, but we have variants of it, but the theory of Karl Marx will probably never come into existence.
  10. 10. Pros and Cons Pros • • • • • Cons • It assures citizens freedom of speech, press, assembly, rights to a job, and freedom of religion too. It promises equal rights for all. • The government protects you. The government takes care of your needs. Society is safe. • One of communism's worst effects was in 1933. Under Adolf Hitler, a communist dictator, instructions were given for the holocaust began killing over six million Jewish people. People have no individual rights, no person can own land other than their home, and people may get less money than they’ve earned. No one can have a financial Monopoly which is bad for most and all people are equals or at least treated as that.
  11. 11. Communism Today Lists of Several Communist Countries: 1. China (1949) 2. Cuba (1961) 3. Laos (1975) 4. North Korea (1948) 5. Vietnam (1976) 6. USSR (1922-1991)