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  1. 1. 1 ASPECTS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR 1914 - 1916 in Taita Taveta County Compiled by James G Willson A section of 3/Kings African Rifles somewhere on the Tsavo Serengeti Plains
  2. 2. 2 1st Qtr 3rd Qtr East West North Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck who Commanding the German Colonial Protection Force, known as the Schutztruppe, led the British Empire troops on a gruelling chase through GEA & PEA finally accepting Germanys defeat in today's Zambia 14 days after the armistice on 25th November 1918.
  3. 3. 3 Personalities of the Mombasa-Voi Command 1914 - 1916 Major- General M J Tighe Brigadier-General MallesonMajor-General Wapshare Capt R Meinertzhagen Rev Capt V V Verbi OBE Colonel E Grogan
  4. 4. 4 Detritus found at various camps and skirmish sites
  5. 5. 5 Voi Railway Station Nov 1914 Note the large number of straw bales of fodder that was needed to feed the oxen, horses, mules and other livestock on the front at Maktau
  6. 6. 6 Carrier Corps Porters were used through out the East African Campaign In late 1915 motorised transport arrived in East Africa. These Model T Fords never superseded the use of porters who did not need made up roads and tracks.
  7. 7. 7 • The major target for the Schutztruppe was Patterson’s Voi River Railway Bridge, they never got anywhere near it as it was too well defended but they did manage to regularly disrupt the ‘Lunatic line’ by blowing up culverts and removing bolts from the rail fishplates.
  8. 8. 8 Njora Observation Post at Kasigau Sangers at Pika Pika Rocks Signal Station high up on Mt Kasigau Rukanga Chiefs Office
  9. 9. 9 An Observation Post over looking the Tsavo River Valley Revetments at Crater Fort Walls of a building at Mzima Fort The German fort known as Hill 930 near Taveta
  10. 10. 10 A Loyal North Lancashire Regt Machine Gun nest on top of Mashoti Hill September 1915 Machine Gun Post on NW corner of Mashoti Fort in 2011 Mashoti Fort manned by 3/KAR in 1916
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12 Mahoo, Taveta in German Occupation June 1915, with the Schutztruppe camp on the left Mahoo Hill on the left after liberation by British Empire Forces March 1916 View as above from Mahoo Hill 2011 Mahoo Hill immediately after being liberated
  13. 13. 13 Taveta 1915, under German occupation, the Police Post used as a German Hospital with 4 graves of the first German casualties The same building in 1995 The window in the Police Post from where the first shot in anger was fired, effectively starting the East African Campaign of the First World War The former Police Post in Taveta in more recent times
  14. 14. 14 The German Post Office erected in Taveta Village ‘official first day cover’.
  15. 15. 15 German Schutztruppe dug in on Salaita Hill October 1914 Salaita Hill 1916 The Snipers Baobab Tree to the NNE of Salaita Hill, a tree with a legend
  16. 16. 16 Aerial photograph taken by Cmdr J T Cull (RNAS) of Salaita Hill February 1916 The 5th South African Infantry Regt., march into Serengeti Camp. 4 inch field gun recovered from HMS Pegasus and nicknamed Peggy II with Royal Navy gunners (Royal Marines) on hand at Salaita, March 1916
  17. 17. 17 Maktau Camp, home, between 1914 & 1916 to thousands of British Empire Forces as they prepared to head for the front towards Mt Kilimanjaro off in the distance
  18. 18. 18 Maktau Capt F. C. Selous, with 25th Btn The Royal Fusiliers (Legion of Frontiersmen) ‘C’ Coy first parade on arrival at Maktau August 1915 A Royal Navy Air Service No 4 Expeditionary Sqd Caudron GIII with its 89hp Gnome engine gaining revs prior to take off from Maktau as ground crew hang on until the pilot signals them to release the craft. Max speed was about 60mph
  19. 19. 19 2/Btn Loyal North Lancashire Regt manning Picket Hill - Maktau Going to war in a Rolls Royce!
  20. 20. 20 A RNAS Caudron GIII on final approaches to the airstrip at Maktau In for an engine overhaul at a makeshift garage
  21. 21. 21 4’’ gun recovered from the wreck of HMS Pegasus on its way towards the action on Salaita Hill March 1916
  22. 22. 22 The Voi-Maktau Military Railway line
  23. 23. 23 Von Lettow’s troops dig in at Mbuyuni just 12 miles from the main British base at Maktau from where they start to harass the British troops building the military line. Typical 1 pint water bottle carried by the British troops that was expected to last an indefinite period of time A battle plan of General Malleson’s ill fated attack against Mbuyuni 14th July 1915
  24. 24. 24 Mbuyuni back in British hands - February 1916
  25. 25. 25 Lieut. W. T. Dartnell, VC Voi CWGC Cemetery First Victoria Cross of the East African Campaign awarded posthumously to an Australian volunteer of the 25th Btn Royal Fusiliers (The Legion of Frontiersmen) Lieutenant W T Dartnell Killed, 3rd September 1915 Shot in both legs, Dartnell tries to save the lives of his other wounded comrades near Maktau
  26. 26. 26 • Subedar Khudadad Khan, 129th Baluchi Regt 1st Indian soldiers of the Great War to be awarded the VC Subedar Ghulam Haider 129th Baluchi Regt awarded a posthumous Indian Order of Merit Commemorated at Maktau CWGC Cemetery
  27. 27. 27 Cemeteries in Taita/Taveta County of soldiers who died during the First World War of 1914 – 1918 cared for by The Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Maktau CWGC WW1 Indian Memorial Voi CWGC WW1 Cemetery Taveta CWGC WW1 Indian Cemetery Taveta European CWGC W W1Cemetery
  28. 28. 28 Mile 27 The site of two skirmishes between British and German troops on 29th September 1915 at Mile 27 on the Voi-Maktau Military Line where 14 British soldiers were killed. This site lies within the Taita Hills & Salt Lick Wildlife Sanctuary Detail on a rail track
  29. 29. 29 The 14 graves at Bura, that were re-interred to Voi CWGC Cemetery
  30. 30. 30 The last train to run on the old military line to Taveta crossing the bridge at Mile 27 in 1989
  31. 31. 31A section of the First World War artefacts' displayed in Taita Hill Lodge
  32. 32. 32 Some of the artefacts on display at Taita Hills Lodge
  33. 33. 33 A group at Taita Hills Lodge, First World War display, before departing for a guided tour of Mile 27 and Fort Mashoti
  34. 34. 34 75% out of over 300,000 troops involved in the East African Campaign were invalided out or died due to illness and starvation rather than the result of battle The 20% who survived were mostly African troops recruited in Eastern Africa, West Africa and the Caribbean who were acclimatised and largely immune to the diseases and harsh conditions that existed Over 1,000,000 African porters (25% of the then African population in Kenya) were employed during the war, an unknown number died or were killed
  35. 35. 35 A professionally guided Battlefield Tour to the Mashoti Fort in the Taita Hills and Salt Lick Lodges Wildlife Sanctuary
  36. 36. 36 Book guided tours to the First World War sites in the Taita Hills & Salt Lick Wildlife Sanctuary or tours within Taita/Taveta County with the receptionists at either Lodge. • . Private tours may be arranged with James G Willson Member of the International Guild of Battlefield Guides Author ‘Guerrillas of Tsavo’ Email