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Seven elements of culture


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Seven elements of culture

  1. 1. 5/14/10
+ Elements of Culture Miss Thomas CMHS 2A Summer Reading+ What is Culture?  Anything and everything that makes up a person’s entire way of life!  7 Elements that are common to every culture   Social Organization   Traditions and Norms   Language   Arts and Literature   Religion   Form of Government   Economic System 1

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+ Social Organization   When a culture organizes its members into smaller groups   Smaller groups in cultures include:   Families   Friends   Religious groups   Occupations/Trades   Interest groups   Social Classes—generally based on one or all of the following:   Money   Occupation   Education   Race+ Traditions and Norms   Traditions:   Rituals, Rites, Celebrations, Ceremonies   Norms:   The rules of culture that tell the members of a culture how they are expected to behave in a given situation 2

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+ Language   “Cornerstone of any culture.” Without language, a culture cannot be maintained.   Important for communication and for passing on traditions and beliefs   Communicates:   rules   stories   histories   myths   legends   jokes+ Arts and Literature   Teach about a culture’s values   Communicates norms   Celebrates cultural heroes   Helps develop cultural identity   Promote cultural pride and unity 3

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+ Religion/Belief System   Beliefs: what members of a culture hold to be true.   The "facts" accepted by all or most members.   Not limited to religious statements, but include all the things a people know and accept as true, including common sense everyday knowledge.   Collective social agreements produced during interaction. What is "true" or "factual" for a given people is what they collectively agree to be true at that point in time.   Beliefs can and do change, especially in modern industrial societies   Religion:   Monotheistic: Belief in one deity   Polytheistic: Belief in more than one deity+ Form of Government   People form governments to provide for their common needs   Laws and rules are based off of cultural norms   Types:   Democracy: people have supreme power   Republic: people choose leaders to represent them   Dictatorship: a ruler or group holds power by force 4

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+ Economic System   How goods are acquired   Form of currency   Where wealth/money comes from   Two Types:   Traditional: people produce most of what they need to survive.   Market: needs are met through buying/selling goods and services 5