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Adapting cities to climate variability and change bob


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Adapting cities to climate variability and change bob

  1. 1. Balance between community engagement and supportingfacilitation roles of the local government to reduce theimpacts of climate changeBob Eko KurniawanWorld Water Week, Stockholm 2011
  2. 2. A Vulnerable City Jakarta as the political and economic center of Indonesia with populationestimate is roughly 9 million, has the largest Gross Domestic Regional Productamong all provinces (17% of total GDP). Jakarta only has 1.8% piped sewerage treatment coverage. Unplanned spatial development has resulted in many direct and residual impactsthat Jakarta struggles with, including: floods, access to clean water, solid wastemanagement, wastewater management, fires, etc. Land subsidence is crippling the flood management system, which has resultedin expanded inundation areas as well as increased vulnerabilities to tidal floodingin coastal areas.
  3. 3. Sea water level increase willfloods Jakarta to over 160.4Km2 or 24.3% of total city areaby 2050
  4. 4. Topographic Condition Consisted of 5 cities and one district with 42sub district and 265 villages. Jakarta in 2010has 9,588,198 registered residences in about661, 51 Sq, making Jakarta become the mostdensely populated place in Indonesia (14,494people per Sq. Km). Jakarta is located in the northern lowlandcoastal of Java. Since 1654, Jakarta has been hit by a flood asthe forest in Puncak cleared for teaplantation development. Three major rivers (Sunter River, Ciliwung /Liwung River, and Angke-Pesanggrahanrivers) flows through the administrative areaof Jakarta, watershed of those three riversstarted from Puncak Area thus anyexceeding water flowing through any of thisriver may ended up causing flood in Jakarta.Located inlowland of JavaWatershed & some rivers in JakartaSource: Martin Hardiono
  5. 5. Loss Caused by Flood Disaster 2007 flood: financial loss up to US$ 900 million, andEconomic cost of human life, health costs, labor andschools days lost. 2008 flood: caused 30 deaths and shut down Jakarta’sinternational airport for three days
  6. 6. So….what to do?
  7. 7. Balancing Community Empowermentwith Government Supportive RoleCommunityEmpowermentGovernmentSupportiveRole
  8. 8. Community Engagement ThroughKelurahan Empowerment InitiativesProvincial LevelProvincial Advisory Committee(PAC)Sub district LevelSub District Working Group(SDWG)ExpertsURDI, ITBBMKGGoI AgenciesSelectedKelurahans/SubDistrictsVulnerability Assessments CommunityEngagementCommunityLocal GovernmentApparatusLRAPTechnical AssistanceJ U F M P
  9. 9. Formulating LRAP1. Getting toStart2. StakeholderAnalysis3. CommunityBasedVulnerability andCapacityAssessment6. ResilienceCriteria forAction Plan7.Prioritisation8. Monitoringand Evaluasi4. IdentifyingStrategic/ActionsOptions5. ActionPlanining
  10. 10. Participatory Planning through theAnnual Development MeetingAnsweredCommunityAspiration(MusrenRW)KelurahanWorking PlanPPMKPNPMOperational budgetAsmas BudgetKecamatan AnnualDevelopmentPlanningStored /ForwardedAnsweredStored /ForwardedKecamatanWorking PlanStoredKelurahan AnnualDevelopmentPlanningCity AnnualDevelopmentPlanningAnsweredLocal Working Unit(UKPD) WorkingPlanStored /ForwardedProvincial AnnualDevelopmentPlanningOperationalbudgetAsmas BudgetAnsweredSectoral StrategicPlan (SKPD)Working PlanLocal Working UnitPriorityRegional Priority, LongtermProvincial Working UnitPriorityPriority, Mid termINPUTASMAS
  11. 11. Integration of LRAP Process intoAnnual Development Planning ProcessLRAPArrangementsCityInvestmentCommunityEmpowermentProgramPre Annual Development PlanAnnual DevelopmentPlanAnnual DevelopmentPlanPre Annual Development PlanForumMunicipalAnnual DevelopmentPlanMunicipalAnnual DevelopmentPlanProvincialAnnualDevelopment PlanNationalAnnualDevelopmentPlan