Meningitis brain abscess

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Meningitis brain abscess

  1. 1. INFECTIOUS NEUROLOGICALDISORDERS
  2. 2. It includes Meningitis Brain abscess
  3. 3. MENINGITISMeningitis is inflammation of the protectivemembranes covering the brain and spinal cord,known collectively as the meninges.
  4. 4. CAUSES Inflammation may be because of; Virus Bacteria Other micro organisms Due to injuries Accidents
  5. 5. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Stiff neck as an early sign Leg cannot be properly extended Photophobia Headache Increased intra cranial pressure Seizures Unresponsiveness Comma Memory impairment
  6. 6. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Due to etiological factors Infection by virus bacteria Enters to the blood stream Crosses blood brain barrier Increases intra cranial pressure Creates inflamation on meninges
  7. 7. NON PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT Check vital signs Weight charting Neurological assesment Skull x rays Ct scan MRI Blood routine ABG CSF analysis
  8. 8. PHARMACOLOGICAL Penicillin anti biotics Cefriaxone sodium Cefotaxim sodium dexomethasone Mannitol Anticonvulsant
  9. 9. NURSING MANAGEMENT Supportive care Check vitals Neurological assesment Weight charting Input out put charting Spo2 monitoring ABG Ventillors if needed Prevent fever Bedsore care Prevent seizures
  10. 10. BRAIN ABSCESS
  11. 11. DEFINITIONIt is the collection of infectious materials within the tissues of brain
  12. 12. CAUSES It is very rare Ear infections Dental sepsis Infection of paranasal sinuses Infections of the brain Intra cranial trauma or surgery Skull fracture
  13. 13. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS Pain Increased intra cranial pressure Headache Vomitting Confusion Drowsiness Unresponsiveness Seizures Speech difficulties Comma
  14. 14. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Due to etiological factors Infections Spreading of infection to the brainCollection of infectious materials inside the tissue of brain Increased intra cranial pressure Brain abscess occurs
  15. 15. PHARMACOLOGICAL AND NONPHARMACOLOGICAL Diagnostic studies Medical management
  16. 16. Summaryconclusion
  17. 17. Thank you

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