Slideshow: The Common School Movement


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Slideshow: The Common School Movement

  1. 1. The Common School "Without undervaluing any other human agency, it may be safelyaffirmed that the Common School...may become the most effective and benignant of all forces of civilization.” -Horace Mann
  2. 2. Objectives Define the Common School, including history, characteristics, and function Discuss important historical figure Horace Mann Instructional Tools: Then & Now Compare/Contrast the Common School to schools of today
  3. 3. History of the Common School Precursor to today’s public  Funded by taxes and special elementary school fees paid by parents Established in the 1830’s  Compulsory attendance laws A system of schools proposed  Not only literacy and by Horace Mann arithmetic, but civic responsibility Proposed free, universal, non-sectarian schooling  Children would gain knowledge while learning For all children, regardless of how to be productive religion or social class democratic citizens
  4. 4. The First Common School Building (1753-1838)
  5. 5. Horace Mann• 1st State Secretary of Education• Principal advocate of the nineteenth-century common school movement• Visionary in education• Teachers need proper training• His influence soon spread beyond Massachusetts as more states took up the idea of universal schooling
  6. 6. Debate over the Common School Arguments For Arguments Against Strengthen the new nation’s unity  Why should one family pay for the education of another family’s Serve to “Americanize” or children assimilate waves of foreigners  Educating the poor should be the Better educated = increase in responsibility of religious groups workforce productivity  Mingling of classes and races may Better educated = decrease in crime and reduced poverty dilute the “American” culture and language Equal education opportunities for everyone including minorities and  What would happen to religious children with disabilities study
  7. 7. Class Activity Read about the Common School in the textbook, pages 329-331 Each group will take a few minutes and fill-out a Box T-Chart with a few similarities and differences between the Common School and Today’s Schools Each group will share what they came up with, and as a group we will try to expand on the discussion Other Ideas
  8. 8. Yesterday’s Common School vs. Today’s Public School
  9. 9. Yesterday’s Instructional Tools vs. Today’s Instructional Tools
  10. 10. Similarities Universal Education Funded by taxes Public education provided, other choices are not subsidized Local Control (District/Community Structure) Mostly non-sectarian, but highly debated Way to provide a common cultural experience (assimilation)
  11. 11. Differences Expanded Curriculum today Technology One room instruction ages 4-12 (all ages grouped together) Prominently individual instruction, like Little House on the Prairie Lack of mobility and therefore school choice in Common School Era True equity in public schools is almost impossible