Not So Native
Teaching students to use technology for
Melissa Beers, Department of Psychology
Nicole Kraft, School of Communication
a person born or brought
up during the age of
digital technology and
therefore familiar with
computers and the Internet
from an early age.
Coined by Marc Prensky in 2001 in
"Digital natives, Digital Immigrants"
Digital Native v. Digital
Not so native
• Having a device does not equate to having skills.
• Access to devices and connectivity isn’t equal
• Technology is like a foreign language
2014 Children and Parents: Media Use and Attitude Report
The Digital Native is not...
• Equally adept at 'lifestyle’ and ‘workplace’ skills.
• Automatically aware of how to maximize use of any device.
• Seeking all content digitally.
• Aware of the reach of their online presence.
• Possessing natural instincts about how to use or ﬁx computers
and other digital products.
• Much better at multitasking than digital immigrants.
• A huge fan of ﬁddling, and discovering through trial and error.
Truths of digital native
• Communicates best in writing.
• Less comfortable communicating face to face.
• Use the digital tools with which he or she is most comfortable.
• Want to be instructed in how to work new tools.
• Are not nearly as private as they think they are.
• They know no borders.
How do they use them?
• Email 88%
• Homework 78%
• Read 72%
• Watch movies 71%
• Watching course lectures 60%
• Social media 59%
• Listening to music 54%
• Taking notes in class 54%
• Taking photos 23%
• Writing assignments 19%
• Other 10%
Skills Students Need
• Typing skills
• Online etiquette - professional communication
• Software to use for work
• Online research and citing sources
• Privacy awareness
• Backups/cloud storage
• Note taking: Notability,
Evernote, Word, Pages
• Visuals: Photography/
• Learning management:
Carmen v Canvas
• Research/data analysis
• Instructional skill level matters
• Check your assumptions
• Treat students like a blank slate, everyone
• Set aside content to work on skill
• Put speciﬁc skills in syllabus--what is required
• Evaluate the skills in assessment/rubric
What DO employers want?
Skills and qualities employers value
• Ability to work in teams
• Ability to make decisions, solve
• Plan, organize, and prioritize work
• Obtain and process information
• Analyze quantitative data
• Technical knowledge related to the job
• Proﬁciency with technology/software
• Create and edit reports
• Inﬂuence others
National Association of Colleges and Employers, 2014: http://www.naceweb.org/s10022013/job-outlook-skills-quality.aspx
Breaking down 4th
wall of teaching
• Lecturing is a
take of the
• It’s time to give
Need to teach technology
like any other subject
• Even in skill-based classes, we cannot assume
students will look to technology
• Training and support for how to use technology
should be embedded in coursework
• An internship is not enough MB
Break down their
Students fall back on
when time gets tight.
This is their ﬁrst job.
We are their ﬁrst boss.
Their future is now.
What will you do differently?