ADD and ADHD Brandon Cook Brittany Lorick Kaylan Penland Sarah Lundquist
ADHD <ul><li> http://www.webmd.com/video/diagnosing-adhd   </li></ul>
What is  ADHD ? <ul><li>ADHD stands for  Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder .  </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 subtype...
The Brain and ADHD <ul><li>ADHD brains are thought to have a smaller prefrontal cortex </li></ul><ul><li>Most doctors agre...
Causes of ADHD <ul><li>Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties during pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Prenatal exposure to alc...
ADHD Symptoms <ul><li>Primarily Inattentive Type: </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t pay attention to detail </li></ul><ul><li>Make...
Simulation Exercise <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCbrQp3MIwc&feature=related </li></ul>
Positive Characteristics <ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Verbal </li></ul><ul><li...
People with ADHD can do some great things!
Five Interventions for students with ADHD <ul><li>Environmental Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers should limit enviro...
Five Interventions for students with ADHD <ul><li>Behavior Interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers should emphasize s...
Alternative Treatments <ul><li>Dietary Interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Neurofeedback Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Chiroprac...
A few tips when having a student with ADHD <ul><li>Figure out what things are hard for the student. </li></ul><ul><li>Simp...
What does it take to be an effective teacher? <ul><li>Teachers who: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible, enthusiastic, and posi...
Legislation Regarding Students with ADHD <ul><li>Students with ADHD may be protected by the Rehabilitation Act Section 504...
Obtaining Assistance/ Professional Support Services <ul><li>Local:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life Management Center </li></ul...
References <ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.ada.gov </li></ul><ul><li>www.nichcy.org...
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Adhd awareness project

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Adhd awareness project

  1. 1. ADD and ADHD Brandon Cook Brittany Lorick Kaylan Penland Sarah Lundquist
  2. 2. ADHD <ul><li> http://www.webmd.com/video/diagnosing-adhd </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is ADHD ? <ul><li>ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder . </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 subtypes of ADHD. These include the primarily inattentive type, primarily hyperactive/impulsive type, and the combined type. Each of these subtypes bears different symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>ADD stands for Attention Deficit Disorder </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Brain and ADHD <ul><li>ADHD brains are thought to have a smaller prefrontal cortex </li></ul><ul><li>Most doctors agree that ADHD is the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain, including the lack of dopamine and norepinephrine </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of ADHD <ul><li>Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties during pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Prenatal exposure to alcohol/tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Premature delivery/significantly low birth weight </li></ul><ul><li>High levels of lead in body </li></ul><ul><li>Postnatal injury to the prefrontal brain regions </li></ul>
  6. 6. ADHD Symptoms <ul><li>Primarily Inattentive Type: </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t pay attention to detail </li></ul><ul><li>Makes careless mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Has trouble paying attention </li></ul><ul><li>Has difficulty following instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Easily distracted </li></ul><ul><li>Forgetful </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive Type: </li></ul><ul><li>Fidgets </li></ul><ul><li>Squirms in chair </li></ul><ul><li>Runs talks, and climbs excessively </li></ul><ul><li>Blurts out answers </li></ul><ul><li>Has trouble waiting and taking turns </li></ul>** The combined type displays symptoms of both the Primarily Inattentive Type and the Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive Type.
  7. 7. Simulation Exercise <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCbrQp3MIwc&feature=related </li></ul>
  8. 8. Positive Characteristics <ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginative </li></ul><ul><li>Humorous </li></ul><ul><li>Compassionate </li></ul><ul><li>Exciting </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous </li></ul><ul><li>Resourceful </li></ul><ul><li>Outgoing </li></ul><ul><li>Good-hearted </li></ul><ul><li>Observant </li></ul><ul><li>Caring </li></ul>
  9. 9. People with ADHD can do some great things!
  10. 10. Five Interventions for students with ADHD <ul><li>Environmental Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers should limit environmental distractions (such as mobiles), adjust seating placement, and allow students to use desk carrels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Academic Interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers should only emphasis on important information, break long reading passages into smaller parts, and give students extended time to complete work </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Five Interventions for students with ADHD <ul><li>Behavior Interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers should emphasize structure and rewards with less focus on consequences. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parent Education </li></ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulant Medications including Adderall and Ritalin are most commonly used to treat ADHD. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are currently 2.5 mil. Students taking medication for ADHD </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Alternative Treatments <ul><li>Dietary Interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Neurofeedback Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Chiropractic Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Metronome Training </li></ul>
  13. 13. A few tips when having a student with ADHD <ul><li>Figure out what things are hard for the student. </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify instructions, choices, and scheduling. </li></ul><ul><li>Work together with the parents to meet the student’s needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Review previous lessons. </li></ul><ul><li>Use audiovisual materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Perform ongoing student evaluations. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower the noise level of the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Divide work into smaller sections. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce or eliminate timed tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide advanced warning when you are going to end an activity or lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>Preview the next lesson. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What does it take to be an effective teacher? <ul><li>Teachers who: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible, enthusiastic, and positive role models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative, challenging, and maintain high expectations of all students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage and welcome parents and volunteers in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide balance, options, variety, and choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are willing to devote time the extra time and effort needed to implement interventions and modifications </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Legislation Regarding Students with ADHD <ul><li>Students with ADHD may be protected by the Rehabilitation Act Section 504 depending on the severity of symptoms </li></ul>
  16. 16. Obtaining Assistance/ Professional Support Services <ul><li>Local: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life Management Center </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South Carolina Department of Mental Health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Resource Center on ADHD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHADD- The Nations leading advocacy and support organization </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. References <ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.ada.gov </li></ul><ul><li>www.nichcy.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.help4adhd.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ed.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html </li></ul><ul><li>Capaccio, G. (2008). Add and adhd . Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. </li></ul><ul><li>Friend, M., & Bursuck, W. (2009). Including students with special needs . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc. </li></ul>

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