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John Brown H Or T

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John Brown H Or T

  1. 1. Warm-Up <ul><li>What is the difference between a hero and a terrorist? </li></ul>
  2. 2. John Brown Hero or Terrorist?
  3. 3. Learning Targets <ul><li>I can explain what John Brown’s goals were in going to Harpers Ferry, Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>I can explain why John Brown is considered to be a hero by some and a terrorist by others. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Welcome! Innocent People Entrance W Bad Guy W
  5. 5. Poof!
  6. 6. Review <ul><li>By the late 1850s sectionalism is at a high point in America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bleeding Kansas (1856) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dred Scott Supreme Court Case (1857) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Something bad is going to happen soon! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will it be secession? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will it be a war? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Key Figure in History: John Brown <ul><li>Important abolitionist in America </li></ul><ul><li>He was a man of action </li></ul><ul><li>To understand him you need to understand his early life! </li></ul><ul><li>We better get to our time machine! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Satellite TV W Wilson Airlines
  9. 9. Yikes!! Satellite TV
  10. 10. Now that’s better! Satellite TV Welcome to the year 1800!
  11. 11. The Life of John Brown <ul><li>Born to abolitionist parents in 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>Married twice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His first wife died </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He had 20 children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many died before adulthood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Throughout his life he failed in business time and time again </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes because of bad decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes because of bad luck </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He was very stubborn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His honesty was never questioned though </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. John Brown as an Abolitionist <ul><li>Believed he was called to end slavery by God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And that he should do so by any means necessary! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He was 100% against slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not just in talk, but in action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Helped to lead freed blacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farming in the North </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Led Pottawatomie Massacre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His first abolitionist act of violence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1856, he began planning a new attack to end slavery </li></ul>
  13. 14. Plan to End Slavery in America <ul><li>His plan was to…. </li></ul><ul><li>Attack an arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arsenal = Weapons storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Start a slave rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Give the stolen weapons to slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Kill slave-owners and end slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds easy right? </li></ul>
  14. 16. Plan in Action <ul><li>He rented a house near Harpers Ferry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under the name of Isaac Smith </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He brought with him a group of 21 men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16 white, 5 black </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attacked on October 16, 1859 </li></ul><ul><li>Attack was unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>Marines from Virginia arrived quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Robert E. Lee (soon to be important!) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ten of his men captured, seven killed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brown himself was captured </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. Brown’s Fate <ul><li>Brown is found guilty of treason and is sentenced to death in November 1859 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He was still proud of his actions as he walked to the gallows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He was hanged on December 2, 1859 </li></ul>“ I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood.”
  16. 21. Aftermath of the Raid <ul><li>Nation is split on the event </li></ul><ul><li>Many Northerners mourned his death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They supported his abolitionist sacrifice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southerners were furious at the support he received </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They viewed him as a murderer and a terrorist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, John Brown’s name is remembered by all </li></ul>
  17. 22. <ul><li>John Brown's body lies a mouldering in the grave, (x3) </li></ul><ul><li>His soul's marching on! </li></ul><ul><li>CHORUS. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glory Hally, Hallelujah! (x3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His soul's marching on! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He's gone to be a soldier in the army of our Lord, (x3) </li></ul><ul><li>His soul's marching on! </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus: </li></ul><ul><li>John Brown's knapsack is strapped upon his back, (x3) </li></ul><ul><li>His soul's marching on! </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus </li></ul>
  18. 24. Decision 2010 <ul><li>Your job is to decide whether John Brown was a terrorist or a hero. </li></ul><ul><li>To do this, you first must complete parts I & II on the back of your sheet. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work in groups! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Good luck and don’t be afraid to break a mental sweat! </li></ul>
  19. 25. Questions to Consider <ul><li>Can you kill people and be a hero? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the limitations a person has for fighting for what they believe in? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did John Brown exceed those limitations? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are the intentions of somebody’s actions more important than the actions themselves? </li></ul>
  20. 26. Target Practice <ul><li>What was John Brown’s goal in going to Harpers Ferry? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some reasons he is considered to be a hero? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some reasons he is considered to be a terrorist? </li></ul>

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