Wegscheider Cruse Theory

B
Wegscheider-Cruse Theory,[object Object],By: Brandi Warner,[object Object]
Sharon Wegscheider-Cruse,[object Object]
Sharon Wegscheider-Cruse,[object Object],Family Therapist,[object Object],Nationally known consultant, educator, and author,[object Object],Founding chairperson of the National Association for Children of Alcoholics (NACOA),[object Object],Chairs countless conferences and conventions and provides keynote presentations,[object Object]
Family,[object Object]
Typical Roles,[object Object],* Substance Abuser,[object Object],* Chief Enabler,[object Object],* Family Hero,[object Object],* Family Scapegoat,[object Object],* Lost Child,[object Object],* Family Mascot,[object Object]
Substance Abuser,[object Object]
Substance Abuser,[object Object],Role: ,[object Object],	To act irresponsibly,[object Object],Purpose:,[object Object],		To suppress more basic marital conflict,[object Object],		To divert attention away from more 				threatening family issues,[object Object]
Substance Abuser,[object Object],[object Object]
Abandonment of the parental power
Central activity becomes the drug use
Family life diminishes in importance,[object Object]
Chief Enabler,[object Object],Role:,[object Object],	To reduce the tension in the family by “smoothing things over”,[object Object],Purpose:,[object Object],Offers the family a sense of stability and protection,[object Object]
Chief Enabler,[object Object],Often unaware that the enabling behavior is contributing to the progression of the addiction,[object Object],Believe that they are simply being helpful and acting to hold their families together,[object Object]
Family Hero,[object Object]
Family Hero,[object Object],Role:,[object Object],	Source of pride for the family,[object Object],Purpose:,[object Object],	Offers the family a sense of being okay; ,[object Object],To give them hope and something to feel good about,[object Object]
Family Hero	,[object Object],Usually the oldest child,[object Object],Attempts to do everything right,[object Object],Helps care for younger siblings and complete household chores,[object Object],Frequently do well in academic and athletic pursuits,[object Object]
Family Hero,[object Object],Many later become “workaholics”,[object Object],May be susceptible to stress-related illnesses later in adulthood,[object Object],Ex.-stomach ulcers, coronary heart disease,[object Object],May be more prone to “Type A” Behavior as an adult,[object Object],Competitiveness, hostility, time urgency, etc.,[object Object]
Family Scapegoat,[object Object]
Family Scapegoat,[object Object],Role:,[object Object],Alter ego of the family hero,[object Object],Purpose:,[object Object],Offers the family a sense of purpose by providing someone to blame,[object Object]
Family Scapegoat,[object Object],Usually the second oldest child,[object Object],Expresses the family’s anger and frustration,[object Object],Male: may be violent,[object Object],Female: may runaway or engage in 	promiscuous sexual activity,[object Object],BOTH: most likely to abuse drugs also,[object Object]
Family Scapegoat,[object Object],This role allows the chemically dependent parent to blame someone else for his or her own drinking/drugging,[object Object],Shields the chemically dependent parent from some of the blame and resentment that would have been directed towards him/her.,[object Object]
Lost Child,[object Object]
Lost Child,[object Object],Role:,[object Object],Seeks to avoid conflict at all costs,[object Object],Purpose:,[object Object],Offers the family a sense of relief and success, and is not a trouble to the family,[object Object]
Lost Child,[object Object],May be a middle child; or maybe the youngest,[object Object],Very shy and withdrawn,[object Object],They tend to be followers, not leaders,[object Object],Often think that the family wouldn’t notice if they left,[object Object]
Lost Child,[object Object],Difficulty with developmental transitions as they fear taking risks,[object Object],May put off making decisions about careers or housing ,[object Object],Trouble with intimate relationships,[object Object],As adults they may exhibit a myriad of mental health problems,[object Object],Anxiety,[object Object],Depression,[object Object]
Family Mascot,[object Object]
Family Mascot,[object Object],Role:,[object Object],To play the “family clown”,[object Object],Purpose:,[object Object],To bring laughter and fun into the home,[object Object]
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Wegscheider Cruse Theory

Editor's Notes

  1. This allows the addiction to progress further
  2. Requiring psychotherapy
  3. Object of protection