1                          THE LANDSCAPE OF THE                          FUTURE:                          Open Content, Op...
2             OpenFlickr @mag3737 cc-by-nc-sa
Outline3        What is this “Open” thing I keep hearing         about?        Thinking about Open differently        W...
Outcomes4        Understand the scope of the Open         landscape, with a focus on Open Content        Understand the ...
What is this “Open” thing I keep hearing5    about?
So, what have you heard?6        It’s Free!        Open Course Library        iTunesU        General topic, but limite...
Open… Education7        Source                                                                                          W...
What are some benefits and    challenges of Open Educational8   Resources (OERs)?     Benefits                            ...
9   Thinking about Open differently    What are OERs?
OER: l’innovation du jour?10       We’re going to talk about OER writ large.       We’re not going to bore you with defi...
Think of OER as a Starting a11      Conversation       A conversation about teaching, crafting        courses, & sharing ...
Poll: Do you (or your faculty)…12       Talk about courses with peers?       Borrow course materials, teaching        te...
OER is all of these things!13       At it’s heart, OER is about doing these        sorts of things!       And, it’s abou...
Ok, let’s get a bit more formal14                                                                                  Photo: ...
Recall…OER: A Definition15              OER are teaching, learning, and research              resources that reside in the...
U.S. Department of Education16          Open Educational Resources (OER) are          an important element of an infrastru...
OERs are a part of Open17      Education         OERs focus on resources            They  have been getting a lot of att...
Selected Open Education Timeline18               “Open Educational                                    OpenCourseWare“Open ...
19   What’s the big deal about Open?     Importance of Open
Importance of Open Education20      Potential for…                           Open is a means to                           ...
21   Key mechanic of Open     Adding a license to your resource…
Poll: When borrowing22      resources…       Do you look at the license or terms of        use?       Do you provide att...
What are you allowed to do?      What might you allow others?23         Instead of “All Rights Reserved”            Can ...
Recall…OER: A Definition24              OER are teaching, learning, and research              resources that reside in the...
Creative Commons: Enabling25      OER     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attri...
creativecommons.org      Creative Commons Licenses26            A “standard” way providing permissions to your work      ...
Creative Commons: CC-by License27     Deed
28     Choose your own     presentation…     Where do we go next?     • Finding and identifying OERs     • Creating an OER
29   Set them freeee…     Creating an OER     Demonstration                        Photo: Patrick McAndrew, cc-by
Let’s make an OER30                     Apply License, Citation,                                                          ...
Applying a license to this31      presentation         Ok, so how do I do it?            Select a license            Ad...
Creative Commons: Pick a32      License     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Att...
Creative Commons: Attribution33     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution...
Creative Commons: CC-by License34     Deed
Slideshare.net35     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
36   An OER walks into a bar…     Finding and Recognizing OERs     Demonstration
Finding OERs37         How do you find out about them?           Talking to peers in your department?           Through...
Recognizing OERs: Examples38         Flickr (www.flickr.com)         MIT OpenCourseWare (ocw.mit.edu)         MERLOT (w...
Pattern39                                                          Look at             Review the            Check out    ...
Have you used Flickr?40       Did you know that Flickr allows photo        sharers to indicate a license?       And that...
Searching for Openly Licensed41      Photos at Flickr     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creati...
Flickr Search Results42     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Uni...
CC-Licensed Math Photo43     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Un...
MIT OpenCourseWare44         ocw.mit.edu     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons A...
MERLOT45        www.merlot.org
OER Commons46         www.oercommons.org     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons A...
Open Course Library47         www.opencourselibrary.org     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Cre...
Wikipedia48         www.wikipedia.org     Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attr...
Examples of OERs49         Flickr (www.flickr.com)              Some CC-licensed, find via Advanced Search         MIT ...
Discussion Questions50         What makes a site an OER?         Did any of the sites surprise you?         What featur...
Selected additional resources    Bridge to Success (shameless plug), b2s.aacc.edu    CK-12, www.ck12.org    College Ope...
OER Smörgåsbord    OER as a conversation:       Sharing, access, materials, practice    OER as a continuum     Individua...
53   Wrap-Up     Revisiting Outcomes     Discussion
Revisiting Outcomes54         Understand the scope of the Open          landscape, with a focus on Open Content         ...
Discussion of OERs55         Creative Commons licensing         Modularizing, and a chunk or chunks, using          OERs...
Contact Us56      Brandon Muramatsu, MIT                                     Jean Runyon, AACC         mura@mit.edu      ...
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Landscape of the Future: Open Content, Open Knowledge, Open Sharing

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OERs are educational resources--textbooks, instructional modules, simulations, multimedia applications--that are freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing. They are usually released under a Creative Commons or similar license that supports open or nearly open use of the content. OERs expand access to high-quality instructional resources in formal and informal learning environments and can drive innovation to support and enhance teaching. Educators can endorse, adopt, and improve OERs, resulting in instructional materials and resources that embody what the educational community deems most valuable. Learners can access OERs to direct their own learning. The presenters will introduce and review the OER movement, and highlight several OER initiatives--such as MIT's OpenCourseWare project, the Open University's Open Learn, and Open Learning: Bridge to Success.

Presented by Brandon Muramatsu and Jean Runyon at eLearning 2012 in Long Beach, CA.

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  • Citation: Muramatsu, B., & Runyon, J. (2012, February). Open content, open knowledge, open educational resources: The landscape of the future. Presentation at eLearning 2012, Long Beach, CA.Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  • Some of the largest collections of OERs (aka Creative Commons licensed resources)
  • Did you know that Flickr allows photo sharers to indicate a license?And that you can search for Creative Commons licensed
  • Citation: Muramatsu, B., & Runyon, J. (2012, February). Open content, open knowledge, open educational resources: The landscape of the future. Presentation at eLearning 2012, Long Beach, CA.Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  • Landscape of the Future: Open Content, Open Knowledge, Open Sharing

    1. 1. 1 THE LANDSCAPE OF THE FUTURE: Open Content, Open Knowledge, Open Educational Resources Brandon Muramatsu and Jean RunyonCitation: Muramatsu, B., & Runyon, J. (2012, February). Open content, open knowledge, open educational resources:The landscape of the future. Presentation at eLearning 2012, Long Beach, CA.Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    2. 2. 2 OpenFlickr @mag3737 cc-by-nc-sa
    3. 3. Outline3  What is this “Open” thing I keep hearing about?  Thinking about Open differently  What’s the big deal about Open?  Key Mechanic of Open  Choose your own presentation…  Finding or Creating  Wrapup Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    4. 4. Outcomes4  Understand the scope of the Open landscape, with a focus on Open Content  Understand the implications and importance of Open  (Hopefully) Identify something to take with you… How will you adopt, produce, or encourage the use of Open? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    5. 5. What is this “Open” thing I keep hearing5 about?
    6. 6. So, what have you heard?6  It’s Free!  Open Course Library  iTunesU  General topic, but limited in specific areas  Non-credit  Creative Commons licensing  Issues with accuracy, completeness, quality, aligning  It’s scary, when you commit, you’re on your own, to mediate content, to build support  Good metadata is crucial to find what you want, to find meaningful results Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    7. 7. Open… Education7  Source We’re going to  Content / Educational Resources focus on this part  CourseWare / Courseware  Textbooks  Courses  Educational Practice  Journals  Knowledge  Policy Cable Green will talk about this in the closing keynote Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    8. 8. What are some benefits and challenges of Open Educational8 Resources (OERs)? Benefits Challenges  Free!  Free!  Making sense and using  Cost savings to resources  Convincing articulating students universities to accept courses that utilize OERs  Ease of updating  Technical compatibility  (no publisher support)  Reliability  Need to update  Functionality—bundled systems Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    9. 9. 9 Thinking about Open differently What are OERs?
    10. 10. OER: l’innovation du jour?10  We’re going to talk about OER writ large.  We’re not going to bore you with definitions! (Well, we’ll try!)  We’re not going to get all religious about OERs! Photo: Flickr @_boris cc-by-nc-sa Photo: Flickr @dullhunk, cc-by Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    11. 11. Think of OER as a Starting a11 Conversation  A conversation about teaching, crafting courses, & sharing course materials  A conversation about collaborating with peers and even students This doesn’t sound like it’s specific to OERs does it? And, you’re probably already using OERs! Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    12. 12. Poll: Do you (or your faculty)…12  Talk about courses with peers?  Borrow course materials, teaching techniques, sources?  Share materials back with your peers? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    13. 13. OER is all of these things!13  At it’s heart, OER is about doing these sorts of things!  And, it’s about encouraging sharing of materials and practices…  And, it’s clearly communicating what others are allowed to do with the materials… Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    14. 14. Ok, let’s get a bit more formal14 Photo: Flickr @mringlein, cc-by-nc-nd Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    15. 15. Recall…OER: A Definition15 OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniquesresourceothers to The is used to support available for access to knowledge. use Atkins, Daniel E., John Seely Brown, Allen L. Hammond. (2007-02). “A Review of Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements, Challenges, and New Opportunities.” Menlo Park, CA: The William and Flora Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United Foundation. p. 4. Hewlett
    16. 16. U.S. Department of Education16 Open Educational Resources (OER) are an important element of an infrastructure for learning. Department of Education. (2010). National Education Technology Plan: Transforming American Education: Learning Powered by Technology. http://www.ed.gov/technology/netp-2010/open-educational-resources Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    17. 17. OERs are a part of Open17 Education  OERs focus on resources  They have been getting a lot of attention at the federal and state levels  They are primarily course materials and open textbooks  Open Education is the bigger concept  Sharing, availability and access Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    18. 18. Selected Open Education Timeline18 “Open Educational OpenCourseWare“Open Content” Resources” Open University Consortium Open Course Library David Wiley Coined By UNESCO OpenLearn FlatWorld Knowledge MITx 1998 2002 2006 2008 2011 1999 2001 2000s 2007 2009 Connexions Wikipedia William and Flora HewlettCommunity Open High School of Utah Creative Commons Foundation College University of the People MIT OpenCourseWare Support OER Consortium College Open Textbooks Cape Town Declaration Source: WikiEducator. (2012). OER Timeline. http://wikieducator.org/OER_timeline Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    19. 19. 19 What’s the big deal about Open? Importance of Open
    20. 20. Importance of Open Education20 Potential for… Open is a means to an end: Improved  Reclaiming control learning and performance  From publishers, from static content  Enabling flexibility to mix and match  Changing the nature of the educational experience  Smaller chunks, focused objectives  MOOCs, alternate credentialing  Reigning in costs without sacrificing quality or access Unless Student and institutional otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    21. 21. 21 Key mechanic of Open Adding a license to your resource…
    22. 22. Poll: When borrowing22 resources…  Do you look at the license or terms of use?  Do you provide attribution for those resources? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    23. 23. What are you allowed to do? What might you allow others?23  Instead of “All Rights Reserved”  Can someone else use the materials?  Can someone build upon or modify the materials?  Can they use those materials commercially?  Do they have to share any materials they develop the same way the materials were originally shared? Do these sound familiar? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    24. 24. Recall…OER: A Definition24 OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to is to The resource available to others knowledge. use Atkins, Daniel E., John Seely Brown, Allen L. Hammond. (2007-02). “A Review of Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements, Challenges, and New Opportunities.” Menlo Park, CA: The William and Flora Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United Foundation. p. 4. Hewlett
    25. 25. Creative Commons: Enabling25 OER Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    26. 26. creativecommons.org Creative Commons Licenses26  A “standard” way providing permissions to your work  The easiest way of communicating your resource is “open” Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    27. 27. Creative Commons: CC-by License27 Deed
    28. 28. 28 Choose your own presentation… Where do we go next? • Finding and identifying OERs • Creating an OER
    29. 29. 29 Set them freeee… Creating an OER Demonstration Photo: Patrick McAndrew, cc-by
    30. 30. Let’s make an OER30 Apply License, Citation, Share Metadata Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    31. 31. Applying a license to this31 presentation  Ok, so how do I do it?  Select a license  Add Creative Commons logo to the title slide  Add a license statement to the title slide (and notes field)  Add an attribution statement  Add metadata to Presentation properties Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    32. 32. Creative Commons: Pick a32 License Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    33. 33. Creative Commons: Attribution33 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    34. 34. Creative Commons: CC-by License34 Deed
    35. 35. Slideshare.net35 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    36. 36. 36 An OER walks into a bar… Finding and Recognizing OERs Demonstration
    37. 37. Finding OERs37  How do you find out about them?  Talking to peers in your department?  Through ITC? Other professional organizations?  Looking through digital repositories?  Google searches? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    38. 38. Recognizing OERs: Examples38  Flickr (www.flickr.com)  MIT OpenCourseWare (ocw.mit.edu)  MERLOT (www.merlot.org)  OER Commons (www.oercommons.org)  Open Course Library (www.opencourselibrary.org)  Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org)  Crowd choice (what will it be?) Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    39. 39. Pattern39 Look at Review the Check out Search for Is it an detailed resource the Site Resources OER? results itself Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    40. 40. Have you used Flickr?40  Did you know that Flickr allows photo sharers to indicate a license?  And that you can search for Creative Commons licensed photos? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    41. 41. Searching for Openly Licensed41 Photos at Flickr Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    42. 42. Flickr Search Results42 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    43. 43. CC-Licensed Math Photo43 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    44. 44. MIT OpenCourseWare44  ocw.mit.edu Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    45. 45. MERLOT45  www.merlot.org
    46. 46. OER Commons46  www.oercommons.org Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    47. 47. Open Course Library47  www.opencourselibrary.org Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    48. 48. Wikipedia48  www.wikipedia.org Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    49. 49. Examples of OERs49  Flickr (www.flickr.com)  Some CC-licensed, find via Advanced Search  MIT Open CourseWare (ocw.mit.edu)  One of the granddaddy’s of OERs, CC-by-nc-sa  MERLOT (www.merlot.org)  Wide range of resources, complex licensing  OER Commons (www.oercommons.org)  Wide range of resources, nearly all CC-licensed  Open Course Library (www.opencourselibrary.org)  Open Textbooks, 42 published, more coming, CC-by  Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org)  Probably the biggest OER, support for attribution Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    50. 50. Discussion Questions50  What makes a site an OER?  Did any of the sites surprise you?  What features make some sites better than others? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    51. 51. Selected additional resources  Bridge to Success (shameless plug), b2s.aacc.edu  CK-12, www.ck12.org  College Open Textbooks, www.collegeopentextbooks.org  Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources, www.oerconsortium.org  Flat World Knowledge, www.flatworldknowledge.com  Kaleidoscope Project, www.project-kaleidoscope.org  Open High School of Utah, ocw.openhighschool.org  Open University OpenLearn, www.open.edu/openlearn  P2PU, www.p2pu.org  Saylor Foundation, www.saylor.org  WikiEducator, wikieducator.orgUnless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    52. 52. OER Smörgåsbord  OER as a conversation: Sharing, access, materials, practice  OER as a continuum Individual Standalone Course Materials Whole Courses Images Modules Open Textbooks Flickr Open Course Library OpenLearn Saylor B2S CoursesUnless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    53. 53. 53 Wrap-Up Revisiting Outcomes Discussion
    54. 54. Revisiting Outcomes54  Understand the scope of the Open landscape, with a focus on Open Content  Understand the implications and importance of Open  (Hopefully) Identify something to take with you… How will you adopt, produce, or encourage the use of Open? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    55. 55. Discussion of OERs55  Creative Commons licensing  Modularizing, and a chunk or chunks, using OERs may make them more accessible  Tie in with teaching and learning  Start redesigning course, crowd-source, get students to help—discuss, analyze, integrate Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
    56. 56. Contact Us56 Brandon Muramatsu, MIT Jean Runyon, AACC  mura@mit.edu  jmrunyon@aacc.ed  @bmuramatsu u Slides will be posted to: http://slideshare.net/bmuramatsu Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United

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