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Demystifying Open Educational Resources

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The innovation du jour for teaching and learning, OERs are at their core of some of the largest grant-funding sources for new courses and course materials— including the Department of Labor's TAA grant which provides $2billion for community colleges and workforce development. What are OERs? What makes them unique? A phrase that was coined in 2002 at a UNESCO forum, OERs are defined as “educational resources—lesson plans, quizzes, syllabi, instructional modules, simulations, etc.—that are freely-available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing.” Why should faculty and educational technologists care?

This workshop is designed for faculty and educational technologists using existing and developing new OERs, but elements will be useful for administrators who have faculty and staff who are using or developing OERs. Attend this workshop to: understand the OER landscape; learn how to find, critically evaluate and use OERs developed by others; identify and select open educational resources for use in discipline-specific courses; understand Creative Commons licenses; learn what resources exist for developing and/or adopting OERs; and learn about the issues involved in adopting OERs and localizing them.

Presented by Brandon Muramatsu and Jean Runyon, at Elearning 2012 preconference workshop on February 18, 2012

The innovation du jour for teaching and learning, OERs are at their core of some of the largest grant-funding sources for new courses and course materials— including the Department of Labor's TAA grant which provides $2billion for community colleges and workforce development. What are OERs? What makes them unique? A phrase that was coined in 2002 at a UNESCO forum, OERs are defined as “educational resources—lesson plans, quizzes, syllabi, instructional modules, simulations, etc.—that are freely-available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing.” Why should faculty and educational technologists care?

This workshop is designed for faculty and educational technologists using existing and developing new OERs, but elements will be useful for administrators who have faculty and staff who are using or developing OERs. Attend this workshop to: understand the OER landscape; learn how to find, critically evaluate and use OERs developed by others; identify and select open educational resources for use in discipline-specific courses; understand Creative Commons licenses; learn what resources exist for developing and/or adopting OERs; and learn about the issues involved in adopting OERs and localizing them.

Presented by Brandon Muramatsu and Jean Runyon, at Elearning 2012 preconference workshop on February 18, 2012

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Demystifying Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. 1 DEMYSTIFYING OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES Brandon Muramatsu and Jean Runyon Citation: Muramatsu, B., & Runyon, J. (2012, February). Demystifying open educational resources. Preconference workshop at eLearning 2012, Long Beach, CA. Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  2. 2. Outline 2  Howdy y’all  By the end of the workshop…  Thinking about OERs differently  What’s the big deal about OERs?  The mechanics of OER  An OER walks into a bar…  Set them freeee…  They’re just looking for a good home  Wrapup Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  3. 3. 3 Howdy Y’All Introductions and Expectations Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  4. 4. Expectations 4  I know nothing, I expect to learn a lot  Finding current material (MBA in Sustainability)  Beg, borrow, steal great ideas  Started exploring, felt like dove into ocean, so much out there—how to control it, where is the quality  Developing workshops to help faculty understand some of the newer things to help engage students  How to find OERs  Leverage open resources  Liberal arts degree—resources to support  Leverage OERs—try not to recreate the wheel, quality for accreditation and transferability  Faculty culture is to buy courses, find more than what she found on her own Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  5. 5. 5 By the end of the workshop… Outcomes Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  6. 6. Workshop Outcomes 6  Develop a working definition of OERs  Understand the implications and importance of OERs  Take it with you… How will you adopt, produce, or encourage the use of OERs? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  7. 7. 7 Thinking about OERs differently What are OERs? Interactive Exercise Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  8. 8. How do you define 8 “Open Educational Resources”?  Something puts out in the “open”  Not contained, not password protected  Interoperable, use in a number of systems  Open = “not copyrighted”?  Creative Commons  Easy to find, reusable learning objects  Free or low cost  Available  Digital, assumed to be online  Idea generating  Modifiable Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  9. 9. OER: l’innovation du jour? 9  What are Open Educational Resources?  We’re going to talk about OER writ large.  We’re not going to bore you with definitions! (Well, we’ll try!)  We’re not going to get all religious about OERs! Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  10. 10. OER: l’innovation du jour? 10  We’d like you to think about OER as an entrée to a conversation A conversation about teaching, crafting courses, & sharing course materials A conversation about collaborating with peers and even students This doesn’t sound like it’s specific to OERs does it? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  11. 11. Poll: Do you (or your faculty)… 11  Talk about courses with peers?  Borrow course materials, teaching techniques, sources?  Share materials back with your peers? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  12. 12. OER is all of these things! 12  At it’s heart, OER is about doing these sorts of things!  And, it’s about encouraging sharing of materials and practices…  And, it’s clearly communicating what others are allowed to do with the materials… Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  13. 13. Ok, let’s get a bit more formal 13 Photo: Flickr @mringlein, cc-by-nc-nd Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  14. 14. OER: A Definition 14 OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge. Atkins, Daniel E., John Seely Brown, Allen L. Hammond. (2007-02). “A Review of Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements, Challenges, and New Opportunities.” Menlo Park, CA: The William and Flora Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United Foundation. p. 4. Hewlett
  15. 15. U.S. Department of Education 15 Open Educational Resources (OER) are an important element of an infrastructure for learning. Department of Education. (2010). National Education Technology Plan: Transforming American Education: Learning Powered by Technology. http://www.ed.gov/technology/netp-2010/open-educational-resources Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  16. 16. OERs in the Modern Era 16 “Open Educational “Open Content” Resources” Open University OpenCourseWare Open Course Library David Wiley Coined By UNESCO OpenLearn Consortium MITx 1998 2002 2006 2008 2011 2001 2000s 2007 2009 Wikipedia William and Flora Hewlett Cape Town Open High School of Utah Creative Commons Foundation Declaration American Graduation Initiative MIT OpenCourseWare Support & $2B in funding University of the People Unless otherwise specified, this work WikiEducator. (2012). OER Timeline. http://wikieducator.org/OER_timeline Source: is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  17. 17. OERs are a part of Open 17 Education  OERs focus on resources  They have been getting a lot of attention at the federal and state levels  They are primarily course materials and open textbooks  Open Education is the bigger concept  Sharing, availability and access Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  18. 18. 18 What’s the big deal about OERs? Importance of Open Educational Resources Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  19. 19. Importance of OERs 19  Cost / cost savings  Flexibility: mix and match, select pieces, you’re in control Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  20. 20. b2s.aacc.edu Impact of OERs on Bridge to Success
  21. 21. 21 The mechanics of OERs Understanding licenses Demonstration Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  22. 22. Poll: When borrowing 22 resources…  Do you look at the license or terms of use?  Do you provide attribution for those resources? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  23. 23. What are you allowed to do? What might you allow others? 23  Instead of “All Rights Reserved”  Can someone else use the materials?  Can someone build upon or modify the materials?  Can they use those materials commercially?  Do they have to share any materials they develop the same way the materials were originally shared? Do these sound familiar? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  24. 24. Creative Commons: Enabling 24 OER Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  25. 25. creativecommons.org Creative Commons Licenses 25  A “standard” way providing permissions to your work  The easiest way of communicating your resource is “open” Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  26. 26. Applying a license to this 26 presentation  Ok, so how do I do it?  Select a license  Add Creative Commons logo to the title slide  Add a license statement to the title slide (and notes field)  Add an attribution statement  Add metadata to Presentation properties Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  27. 27. Creative Commons: Pick a 27 License Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  28. 28. Creative Commons: Attribution 28 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  29. 29. Creative Commons: CC-by License 29 Deed
  30. 30. 30 An OER walks into a bar… Finding and Recognizing OERs Demonstration / Interactive Exercise Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  31. 31. Finding OERs 31  How do you find out about them?  Talking to peers in your department?  Through ITC? Other professional organizations?  Looking through digital repositories?  Google searches? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  32. 32. Recognizing OERs: Examples 32  Flickr (www.flickr.com)  MIT OpenCourseWare (ocw.mit.edu)  MERLOT (www.merlot.org)  OER Commons (www.oercommons.org)  Open Course Library (www.opencourselibrary.org)  Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org)  Crowd choice (what will it be?) Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  33. 33. Pattern 33 1. Check out the site 2. Search for resources 3. Look at detailed results 4. Review the resource itself 5. Is it an OER? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  34. 34. Have you used Flickr? 34  Did you know that Flickr allows photo sharers to indicate a license?  And that you can search for Creative Commons licensed photos? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  35. 35. Searching for Openly Licensed 35 Photos at Flickr Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  36. 36. Flickr Search Results 36 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  37. 37. CC-Licensed Math Photo 37 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  38. 38. MIT OpenCourseWare 38  ocw.mit.edu Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  39. 39. MERLOT 39  www.merlot.org
  40. 40. OER Commons 40  www.oercommons.org Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  41. 41. Open Course Library 41  www.opencourselibrary.org Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  42. 42. Wikipedia 42  www.wikipedia.org Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  43. 43. Audience Choice? 43 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  44. 44. Examples of OERs 44  Flickr (www.flickr.com)  Some CC-licensed, find via Advanced Search  MIT Open CourseWare (ocw.mit.edu)  One of the granddaddy’s of OERs, CC-by-nc-sa  MERLOT (www.merlot.org)  Wide range of resources, complex licensing  OER Commons (www.oercommons.org)  Wide range of resources, nearly all CC-licensed  Open Course Library (www.opencourselibrary.org)  Open Textbooks, 42 published, more coming, CC-by  Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org)  Probably the biggest OER, support for attribution Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  45. 45. Discussion Questions 45  What makes a site an OER?  Did any of the sites surprise you?  What features make some sites better than others? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  46. 46. OER Smörgåsbord  OER as a conversation: Sharing, access, materials, practice  OER as a continuum Individual Standalone Course Materials Whole Courses Images Modules Open Textbooks Flickr Open Course Library OpenLearn Saylor B2S Courses Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  47. 47. Selected additional resources  Bridge to Success (shameless plug), b2s.aacc.edu  CK-12, www.ck12.org  College Open Textbooks, www.collegeopentextbooks.org  Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources, www.oerconsortium.org  Flat World Knowledge, www.flatworldknowledge.com  Kaleidoscope Project, www.project-kaleidoscope.org  Open High School of Utah, ocw.openhighschool.org  Open University OpenLearn, www.open.edu/openlearn  P2PU, www.p2pu.org  Saylor Foundation, www.saylor.org  WikiEducator, wikieducator.org Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  48. 48. 48 Set them freeee… Producing OERs Demonstration Photo: Patrick McAndrew, cc-by Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  49. 49. Let’s make an OER 49  Apply license, citation, metadata  Share the presentation via Slideshare Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  50. 50. Slideshare.net 50 Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  51. 51. 51 They’re just looking for a good home… Adopting OERs Interactive Exercise Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  52. 52. Your turn to adopt an OER 52  From a course you teach, or one that you’ve helped a faculty member with…  What’s an area for which a learning resource might help explain something, improve student understanding, etc.?  Look for a resource that’s an OER that might meet your needs.  Describe the problem and the OER to the workshop. Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  53. 53. 53 Wrap-Up Revisiting Outcomes Interactive Exercise Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  54. 54. Outline Revisited 54  By the end of the workshop…  Thinking about OERs differently  What’s the big deal about OERs?  The mechanics of OER  An OER walks into a bar…  Set them freeee…  They’re just looking for a good home Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  55. 55. Workshop Outcomes 55  Develop a working definition of OERs  Understand the implications and importance of OERs  Take it with you… How will you adopt, produce, or encourage the use of OERs? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  56. 56. Discussion of OERs 56  It *is* an ocean!  Conversations: more than materials, opportunities for sharing and learning together  Parameters under which you have to work, it’s a system  This should be part of what we do when we work with faculty to publish courses Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  57. 57. Why are OERs Important? 57  Because…??? Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  58. 58. What are some of the 58 challenges?  Accreditation issues: faculty responsible for creating materials, and teaching and ensuring student learning outcomes  Document success, have metrics  Make sure we serve our students  Using modern tools and techniques -> transform faculty practices? Brown-bag lunches, faculty development Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United
  59. 59. Contact Us 59 Brandon Muramatsu, MIT Jean Runyon, AACC  mura@mit.edu  jmrunyon@aacc.ed  @bmuramatsu u Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United

Editor's Notes

  • Citation: Muramatsu, B., & Runyon, J. (2012, February). Demystifying open educational resources. Preconference workshop at eLearning 2012, Long Beach, CA.Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.
  • Some of the largest collections of OERs (aka Creative Commons licensed resources)
  • Did you know that Flickr allows photo sharers to indicate a license?And that you can search for Creative Commons licensed
  • Citation:Muramatsu, B. & J. Runyon. (2012). Demystifying open educational resources.Preconference workshop at eLearning 2012, Long Beach, CA.Unless otherwise specified, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
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