<ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Who was William Tweed? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Tweed use the system of pa...
Tammany Hall <ul><li>1789, in NYC, the Tammany Society was founded </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a patriotic & charitable o...
William Tweed <ul><li>Began his rise to influence in the1840s as a volunteer fireman in New York City </li></ul><ul><li>Fr...
Patronage <ul><li>Tweed used a vast system of patronage </li></ul><ul><li>Tweed gathered a small group of men who controll...
The Scandal <ul><li>Estimated he stole $75 million to $200 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors presented bills rangi...
Thomas Nast <ul><li>Efforts were instrumental in bringing down the Tweed Ring </li></ul><ul><li>Contributed to the politic...
The Fate of Tweed and Tammany Hall <ul><li>Tweed was tried and convicted of forgery and larceny </li></ul><ul><li>Was sent...
Tweed and Tammany Hall <ul><li>New York: A Documentary Film </li></ul>
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Tweed And Tammany Hall

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Tweed And Tammany Hall

  1. 1. <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Who was William Tweed? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Tweed use the system of patronage to his benefit? </li></ul><ul><li>How was the Tweed Ring eventually brought down? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Thomas Nast and what contributions did he make to the political and cultural fabric of American society? </li></ul>Tweed and Tammany Hall
  2. 2. Tammany Hall <ul><li>1789, in NYC, the Tammany Society was founded </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a patriotic & charitable organization </li></ul><ul><li>1817, Irish leaders gained membership in Tammany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enacted practice of exchanging votes for benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For the next 70 years New York City would be governed by Tammany forces </li></ul><ul><li>1868, William Tweed became the leader of Tammany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ushered in an era of extreme corruption </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. William Tweed <ul><li>Began his rise to influence in the1840s as a volunteer fireman in New York City </li></ul><ul><li>From these beginnings Tweed managed to build a base of power </li></ul><ul><li>He was soon elected to a term in the New York State Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>During his term he was active in Tammany Hall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The organizational force of the Democratic Party in New York </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Patronage <ul><li>Tweed used a vast system of patronage </li></ul><ul><li>Tweed gathered a small group of men who controlled New York City's finances </li></ul><ul><li>They dispensed jobs and contracts in return for political support and bribes </li></ul><ul><li>Political patronage is the dispensing of favors or rewards in return for support or votes </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Scandal <ul><li>Estimated he stole $75 million to $200 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors presented bills ranging from 15% to 65% of the actual cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extra money was divided among Tweed and his subordinates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Tweed Courthouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most excessive example of corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost the city $13 million to construct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It actually cost only $3 million </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tweed’s Downfall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refused to authorize the “Orange Parade” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheriff gave evidence of embezzlement to The New York Times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political cartoons drawn by Thomas Nast increased anger towards Tweed </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Thomas Nast <ul><li>Efforts were instrumental in bringing down the Tweed Ring </li></ul><ul><li>Contributed to the political & cultural scene: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created the elephant as the symbol for the Republican Party and the donkey for the Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed the popular appearance of Uncle Sam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popularized the current day conception of Santa Claus </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Fate of Tweed and Tammany Hall <ul><li>Tweed was tried and convicted of forgery and larceny </li></ul><ul><li>Was sentenced to a 12-year prison term </li></ul><ul><li>He was released after serving only one year, but was quickly arrested on another corruption charge </li></ul><ul><li>He escaped and fled to Cuba and then eventually Spain </li></ul><ul><li>He was extradited back to the United States in 1876 and died later in a New York City jail cell </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tweed and Tammany Hall <ul><li>New York: A Documentary Film </li></ul>

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