A Market Revolution & Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What was the market revolution? </li...
The Market Revolution <ul><li>By mid 1800s the U.S. had become a more industrialized nation </li></ul><ul><li>Textile mill...
The Impact <ul><li>American agriculture flourish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers used equipment produced in factories </li><...
The Railroad Emerges <ul><li>Hay-day of canals lasted only until the 1860’s </li></ul><ul><li>The railroad emerged </li></...
Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Many Americans assumed the nation would extend its dominion to the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><l...
The Frontier <ul><li>Settlers moved westward for economic reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic of 1837 convinced many they ...
The Black Hawk War <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1830’s white settlers in eastern Iowa and western Illinois placed pr...
Fort Laramie Treaty <ul><li>As settlers moved westward some were met by attacks from Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>U....
The Trails <ul><li>Thousands made the trek west, using a series of old Native American trails as well as forged new routes...
Disputes in the West <ul><li>Great Britain still claimed areas in parts of what are now Maine and Minnesota </li></ul><ul>...
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The Market Revolution

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The Market Revolution

  1. 1. A Market Revolution & Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What was the market revolution? </li></ul><ul><li>What was manifest destiny? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Fort Laramie Treaty? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did settlers move westward? </li></ul><ul><li>How did settlers move westward? </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Market Revolution <ul><li>By mid 1800s the U.S. had become a more industrialized nation </li></ul><ul><li>Textile mills and factories had changed the lives of workers and consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers switched from self-sufficiency to specialization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised one or two cash crops that they could sell </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Led to a market revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People bought and sold goods rather than making them for their own use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods and services multiplied while income rose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1840, the economy grew more than it had in the previous 40 years </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Impact <ul><li>American agriculture flourish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers used equipment produced in factories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prices fell as items were manufactured </li></ul><ul><li>Inventions made life easier (sewing machine) </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telegraph was created in 1837 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within 10 years telegraph wires connected large cities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact on Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water transportation grew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1816, America had100 miles of canals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1841 it had more than 3,300 miles of canals </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Railroad Emerges <ul><li>Hay-day of canals lasted only until the 1860’s </li></ul><ul><li>The railroad emerged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroads offered the advantage of speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could operate in winter, unlike canals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By 1850 10,000 miles of track had been laid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Linked differ regions of the United States and led to specialization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South exported cotton to New England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West exported grain and livestock that fed workers in the East </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East manufactured textiles and machinery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>While all this is taking place the nation is moving westward </li></ul>
  5. 5. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Many Americans assumed the nation would extend its dominion to the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1840’s expansion fever gripped the country </li></ul><ul><li>American’s began to believe that their movement westward and southward was destined and ordained by God </li></ul><ul><li>A newspaper editor referred to the annexation of Texas in 1845 as Manifest Destiny </li></ul><ul><li>Manifest Density became the term used to express the belief that it was the United States’ destiny to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican territory </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Frontier <ul><li>Settlers moved westward for economic reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic of 1837 convinced many they could have a fresh start out west </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Abundance of land in the west was the greatest attraction </li></ul><ul><li>Also, as farmers moved west merchants followed seeking new markets </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Black Hawk War <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1830’s white settlers in eastern Iowa and western Illinois placed pressure on the Native Americans in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Black Hawk had a vision that convinced him to lead a rebellion against the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Black Hawk War started </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It ended in August 1832, when Illinois militia members slaughtered more than 200 Native Americans </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fort Laramie Treaty <ul><li>As settlers moved westward some were met by attacks from Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. government responded to these fears by calling a conference near what is now Laramie, Wyoming </li></ul><ul><li>Native American tribes such as the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Sioux, Crow and others joined U.S. representatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swore to “maintain….friendship…and mutual intercourse” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treaty provided Native American nations control of the Central Plains, and land east of the rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans promised not to attack settlers and allow the construction of forts and roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal government promised to make annual payments to the Native Americans </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Trails <ul><li>Thousands made the trek west, using a series of old Native American trails as well as forged new routes </li></ul><ul><li>The Santa Fe Trail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the busiest and most well known trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>780 miles from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Oregon Trail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started in Independence, Missouri and ended in Portland, Oregon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traced some of the paths that Lewis and Clark had followed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1844, about 5,000 American settlers had arrived in Oregon </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Disputes in the West <ul><li>Great Britain still claimed areas in parts of what are now Maine and Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>In 1844, Democrat James K. Polk’s presidential platform called for annexation of the entire Oregon Territory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers adopted the “Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!” slogan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Referred to the northern limit of the disputed Oregon territory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finally, in 1846 the two countries peaceably agreed to set the northern border of the United States along the 49 th parallel </li></ul><ul><li>The northern boundary of the nation was set </li></ul>

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