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The Lawmaking Process

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The Lawmaking Process

  1. 1. The Lawmaking Process How a Bill Becomes a Law
  2. 2. The House of Representatives  Bill is first introduced in the House of Representatives  Bill is referred to a House committee  Bill is referred to a subcommittee of the Committee  Bill is reported by the full committee  Bill then goes to the House rules committee
  3. 3. The Senate  Bill is introduced in the Senate  Bill is referred to a Senate committee  Bill is referred to a subcommittee in the committee  Bill is reported by the full committee
  4. 4. The House and Senate  House debates and votes on passage of the Bill  Senate debates and votes on passage of the Bill  The two versions of the bill go to a Conference Committee
  5. 5. The Final Step  Bill is sent to the President
  6. 6. The Process: House Committee and Subcommittee  In the subcommittee the bill goes through hearings and revisions  The bill is then returned to the full committee for more discussions  The full committee can then:  Recommend the Bill for passage  Let the Bill “die in committee”
  7. 7. The Process: House Rules Committee  Rules Committee  This committee sets conditions for debate when the House meets to discuss the bill
  8. 8. The Process: House and Senate  The two houses debate and vote on the bill  At this point items are added to the bill (Riders)  It’s known as pork barreling when Congressmen try to get stuff for their constituents  If passed the bill goes to the other House and follows the same route
  9. 9. Conference Committee  If both Houses have not passed identical bills the conference committee (with members from both Houses) work out the differences  The compromised bill is then sent to each House for approval
  10. 10. The President  The final version of a bill is sent to the President for his approval or veto
  11. 11. How a Bill Becomes a Law  Another Educational Video

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