Texas <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Mission system? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Santa Anna? </...
Tensions <ul><li>Tension between Native Americans and Mexican inhabitants scared many potential settlers </li></ul><ul><li...
The Mission System <ul><li>Mission system declined after Mexico won its independence </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican government ...
Mexican Independence <ul><li>Trade opportunities between Mexico's northern provinces and the U.S. multiplied </li></ul><ul...
Mexico Invites U.S. Settlers <ul><li>Mexican government encouraged American farmers to settle in Texas </li></ul><ul><li>W...
GO TO TEXAS! <ul><li>Soon word spread of the cheap land in Texas and the rising number of American citizens in the region ...
Trouble in Texas <ul><li>As the Anglo population surged tensions grew between American settlers and Mexican inhabitants </...
Santa Anna and Rebellion <ul><li>1830 Mexico sealed its borders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico had no troops to police its b...
Remember the Alamo <ul><li>Stephen Austin, an empresario, had tried to gain self-government for Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Sa...
Sam Houston <ul><li>Six weeks after the Alamo the Texans struck back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Sam Houston </li></ul></...
Texas Joins the Union <ul><li>1838 Sam Houston invited the U.S. to annex, or incorporate, Texas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peop...
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Texas

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Texas

  1. 1. Texas <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Mission system? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Santa Anna? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Alamo? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Texas gain independence? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Sam Houston? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Texas become part of the United States? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Tensions <ul><li>Tension between Native Americans and Mexican inhabitants scared many potential settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Native American and Mexican populations in the southwest had come into close contact </li></ul><ul><li>Before Mexico won its independence Spain's system of Roman Catholic missions in the region tried to convert Native Americans to Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>To protect the missions, Spanish soldiers were stationed in nearby forts throughout the region </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Mission System <ul><li>Mission system declined after Mexico won its independence </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican government offered land to government officials and ranchers </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans were forced to remain as unpaid laborers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many fled the missions, and returned to their traditional way of life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexicans began to capture Native Americans for forced labor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resulted in retaliation by Native American tribes like the Apache and Comanche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorized Mexicans and stole livestock </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Mexican Independence <ul><li>Trade opportunities between Mexico's northern provinces and the U.S. multiplied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico wanted to improve its economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexico eased trade restrictions and made trade with the U.S. more attractive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over time the ties loosened even further in the northern provinces of Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current day New Mexico, California, Texas, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soon Mexico began to learn the same lesson as Spain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just because you own a vast section of territory doesn't mean you control it </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Mexico Invites U.S. Settlers <ul><li>Mexican government encouraged American farmers to settle in Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a buffer between them and the Native Americans in the region that were attacking Mexican citizens </li></ul><ul><li>On behalf of Mexico people offered enormous land grants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These empresarios attracted American settlers that bought cheap land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soon number of Anglo, or English speaking settlers from Europe and the U.S. surpassed the Mexican culture </li></ul>
  6. 6. GO TO TEXAS! <ul><li>Soon word spread of the cheap land in Texas and the rising number of American citizens in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Posters sprang up that stated “Go To Texas!” </li></ul><ul><li>Americans began discussing extending the boundary of the U.S. to the Rio Grande </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson offered $5 million to Mexico; they refused </li></ul><ul><li>Soon, however, Mexico began to regret being so hospitable to the American immigrants </li></ul>
  7. 7. Trouble in Texas <ul><li>As the Anglo population surged tensions grew between American settlers and Mexican inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly over cultural differences and the question of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico, in 1824, had abolished slavery </li></ul><ul><li>American settlers were bringing slaves with them </li></ul>
  8. 8. Santa Anna and Rebellion <ul><li>1830 Mexico sealed its borders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico had no troops to police its border </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population of American/Anglo settlers doubled between 1830 &1834 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexican politics also became unstable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many provinces/states began asking for greater self-government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna, the president of Mexico suspended the Mexican constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revoked local powers in Texas and other Mexican states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rebellions began to erupt </li></ul>
  9. 9. Remember the Alamo <ul><li>Stephen Austin, an empresario, had tried to gain self-government for Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna refused and marched a 4,000 man army towards San Antonio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austin called for Texans to take up arms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Texans attacked and drove Mexican forces from the Alamo, an abandoned mission </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna retaliated and attacked the Alamo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All 187 defenders of the Alamo died </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Among them were Jim Bowie and Davy Crocket </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Sam Houston <ul><li>Six weeks after the Alamo the Texans struck back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Sam Houston </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Defeated Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shouts were heard of “Remember the Alamo!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They killed 630 of Santa Anna’s soldiers in 18 minutes and captured Santa Anna </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Texans only set Santa Anna free after he singed the Treaty of Velasco </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Granted independence to Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1836 Sam Houston became the president of the Republic of Texas </li></ul>
  11. 11. Texas Joins the Union <ul><li>1838 Sam Houston invited the U.S. to annex, or incorporate, Texas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People within Texas wanted this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. opinion was divided </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners wanted to extend slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northerners feared adding another slave state would tip the uneasy balance in the Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would prompt war with Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1844 James K. Polk ran on westward expansion platform and won </li></ul><ul><li>Dec.1845 Texas became 28 th state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico was furious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>War was on the horizon </li></ul>

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