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Separation Of Powers And Checks And Balances

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Separation Of Powers And Checks And Balances

  1. 1. Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances
  2. 2. Your Government  The U.S. Constitution sets up three branches:  Article I  The Legislative  Makes Laws  Article II  The Executive  Enforces the Laws  Article III  The Judicial  Interprets the laws
  3. 3. Separation of Powers  What is it?  This is the idea that a government functions best when its powers do not rest in a single authority but are instead divided among different branches
  4. 4.  The 3 Branches of Government
  5. 5. The Executive Branch The President Separation Powers of the President: Power to control the agencies of Powers that enforce the laws Power to negotiate treaties Power to nominate judges Power to pardon people convicted of crimes Judicial Branch Legislative Branch The Supreme Court and The U.S. Congress other Federal Courts Powers of Congress: Power to pass legislation Powers of the Courts: Power to declare war Power to review laws passed Power over the Budget by Congress Power to establish courts Power to review actions made by the President
  6. 6. Checks and Balances  The Framers did more than just separate powers:  They created a system that separated and blended the powers of the government so that each branch serves as a check and balance on the others
  7. 7. The Executive Branch The President Separation Powers of the President: Power to control the agencies of Powers that enforce the laws Power to negotiate treaties Power to nominate judges Power to pardon people convicted of crimes How it checks other branches: He/She can veto legislation He/She appoints/nominates federal judgeship Can call Congress into session Legislative Branch Judicial Branch The U.S. Congress The Supreme Court and other Federal Courts Powers of Congress: Power to pass legislation Power to declare war Powers of the Courts: Power over the Budget Power to review laws passed by Power to establish courts Congress Power to review actions made How it checks other branches: by the President It approves all treaties Can impeach the president How it checks other branches: Can override a presidential veto Can declare executive actions It creates the agencies and unconstitutional programs that enforce the law Can interpret laws and declare Confirms executive judgeship legislation unconstitutional nominees & can impeach judges Can interpret treaties as Can amend the Constitution unconstitutional
  8. 8. Checks and Balances  This one is educational!
  9. 9. Checks and Balances May override a presidential veto Approves appointments of judges Approves treaties May impeach the President May veto acts of Congress May call Congress into special session May impeach judges May interpret treaties May declare executive May interpret laws acts unconstitutional May declare laws unconstitutional Appoints federal judges

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