Proposals Of The Constitutional Convention

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Proposals Of The Constitutional Convention

  1. 1. Proposals of the Constitutional Convention The Plans of Government
  2. 2. Virginia Plan 1. Proposed by: James Madison, a delegate from Virginia 3. Said the national government should: a) Have a strong central government b) Have 3 branches of government c) Have 2 houses of Congress 1) They are the: Senate and House of Representatives 4. Election of Representatives: a) House members picked by people b) Senate members are chosen by the members of the House 5. Both Houses are based on population a) The more people a state has the more people they get in Congress 6. Pros and Cons – PRO: Strong alliance of states – CON: Large states have advantage in congress
  3. 3. New Jersey Plan 1. Proposed by: William Paterson, a delegate from New Jersey 3. Said the national government should: a) Have a one house legislature (Unicameral) • Election of Representatives: a) Each state had equal number of votes in congress - 1 7. Pros and Cons a) PRO: Small states are equally represented b) CON: Not equitable to large states
  4. 4. 3/5’s Compromise 1. Proposed by: James Wilson, a delegate from Pennsylvania 3. Origin of the name: a) The plan said that for purposes of the census, slaves were counted as 3/5’s of a person 5. Pros and Cons a) PRO: Slaves are counted as people b) CON: Slavery still existed
  5. 5. Electoral College 1. Proposed by: Roger Sherman (from Connecticut) and Elbridge Gerry (from Massachusetts) 3. How should the President be elected? a) The plan said that Electors: would be chosen from each state legislature b) THEN: Electors selected the president 5. Pros and Cons a) PRO: One person in charge rather than a committee b) CON: Citizens do not actually elect the president
  6. 6. Great Compromise 1. Proposed by Roger Sherman, of Connecticut 3. Said the national government should: a) Have a bicameral legislature 1) There would be a: House of Representatives and a Senate 4. Election and Representation of the legislature: a) House membership based on population b) Each state would have 2 senators 1) They are chosen by: state legislatures 5. Pros and Cons a) PRO: Both houses had to agree to laws b) CON: Lengthy process for lawmaking
  7. 7. Homework!  Complete the Proposals of the Constitutional Convention worksheet

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