Industrial Revolution In The United States

4,683 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,683
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
28
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
102
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Industrial Revolution In The United States

  1. 1. <ul><li>AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>INDUSTRIAL </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages and problems that might arise in either an agriculture or industrial society? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the Industrial Revolution happen in America? </li></ul><ul><li>What events led to the start of Industrialization? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Bessemer Process? What is the impact of the Industrial Revolution? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>There were actually two Industrial Revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>The first occurred in Great Britain (1780-1830) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventions helped change Great Britain from a ‘hand and home’ manufacturing society to a ‘machine and factory society’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spinning & weaving machines operated by water </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><ul><li>After the Civil War the U.S. was still largely an agricultural nation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Industrial Revolution occurred from about 1850-1900s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America began to move from manual-manufacturing to machine production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By the 1920’s it had become the world’s leading industrial power </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The industrial boom was due to several factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There were abundant deposits of coal and iron in the U.S. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government support for business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing population that provided cheap labor and new markets </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>U.S.S. Chesapeake </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain wanted to search the ship for English deserters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain fired at the Chesapeake & won </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embargo Act of 1807 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson was outraged; to punish the British he passed the Embargo Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped the export of U.S. goods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The War of 1812 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America went to war with Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed America needed a better transportation system and economic independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrialization and manufacturing expands </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Industrialization involved three important developments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation was expanded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity was harnessed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements were made to industrial processes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drilling (Oil) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refining </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Interchangeable Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They became an important part of American industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Bessemer Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technique that was used to make iron stronger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replaced by the “open-hearth process” which allowed production of steel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroads (with miles of tracks) became the biggest consumers of steel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel also made vertical construction possible </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Changed American society into a modern urban-industrial state </li></ul><ul><li>Industries and factories arose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People moved from farms to cities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This led to other factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcrowding and disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New groups and ideas emerge: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Agriculture’ and ‘Industry’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Farmers’ vs. ‘Captains of industry’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ The People’ vs. ‘The Elites’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>This is Populism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Great Britain Coal Iron Government Support Cheap Labor Interchangeable Parts Bessemer Process Urban-industrial Society Growth of Cities Changing working conditions City Problems Populism

×