Impact Of The Great Depression


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Impact Of The Great Depression

  1. 1. Impact of the Great Depression Essential Questions: How did the Great Depression impact city and 1. rural life? What was the Dust Bowl? 2. How did the Great Depression socially and 3. psychologically impact people? How did the Great Depression impact the politics 4. of the 1930s?
  2. 2. Life in the Cities  Across the nation people lost their jobs  They were evicted from their homes and ended up in the streets  Many were forced to build makeshift shacks out of scrap material in which to live  Shantytowns – or little towns consisting of shacks – sprang up across the nation  The poor dug through garbage cans or begged  Bread lines, or lines of people waiting to receive food provided by charitable organizations became common sight
  3. 3. Rural Life  One advantage it had over city life was that farmers could grow food for their families  But due to the fall in crop prices many farmers lost their farms  Many farmers were forced to turn to tenant farming and barely scrape out a living
  4. 4. The Dust Bowl  The 1930s drought wreaked havoc on the Great Plains  Farmers used tractors to break up the grasslands and plant millions of acres of new farmland  But plowing removed the thick protective layer of prairie grasses  When the drought and the winds began in the 1930s nothing was left to hold the soil down  Farmers and their families fled west, many moving along Route 66 to California
  5. 5. Social and Psychological Effects Many were demoralized by the hard  times  Between 1928 &1932 the suicide rate rose  3x as many were admitted to mental hospitals Many were forced to make economic  comprises  Many adults stopped going to the doctor or dentist because they couldn’t afford it  Young people gave up their college dreams During the Great Depression, as many  as 300,000 transients, or “hobos” wandered the country But, during the Depression, many  people donated food, clothing, and a
  6. 6. Herbert Hoover Hoover believed that one the of  government’s chief functions was to foster cooperation between competing groups and interests in society On the other hand many Americans  valued “rugged individualism”  Idea that people should succeed through their own efforts Hoover opposed any form of  government welfare  He believed handouts would weaken people’s self-respect and “moral fiber” Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)   One of the public works project supported by Hoover that did work and provided jobs to men in need of work
  7. 7. 1930 and 1932 Democrats took advantage of the  horrible economic times and won enough seats to gain control of the House and Senate in the 1930 Congressional elections By 1930 people were calling  “Shantytowns” – “Hoovervilles” Hoover’s Policies   As the depression dragged on and it was clear Hoover’s policies weren’t working  He finally supported laws that had the Federal government take a more direct involvement in the issue  It was too little to late In 1932, with Hoover’s image at an  all time low he faced an election
  8. 8. Franklin Roosevelt  Franklin D. Roosevelt was President from 1933 to 1945  Only President to be reelected three times  As Governor of New York he ran for President by promising a quot;New Dealquot; for the American people  Relief programs, measures to increase employment and to aid industrial and agricultural recovery from the Great Depression marked Roosevelt's time in office  Americans who lived through the Depression had passionate feelings about Roosevelt