Take out your maps of the Middle              East
Caspian Sea            Black Sea              Turkey Pal. Ter.             Cyprus     Syria          Baghdad        Lebano...
Fertile Crescent  Vocabulary
excavationThe exposure,processing andrecording ofarchaeologicalremains
backgammonOne of theworld’s oldestboardgames
datesThe fruit of adate palmtree
PlowA farm toolused forbreaking upsoil.
ironAn element thatcan be used tocreate strongtools, structures, and machines.
zigguratThe sight of thetemple to themain god orgoddess of aSumerian city.
empireManyterritories andpeoplecontrolled byonegovernment
SumeriansPeoplefrom theearliest-knowncivilization
BabyloniansPeople froman ancientregion insouthwestMesopotamia
AssyriansPeople from anancient regionin northernMesopotamia
TigrisA river inIraq andTurkey
EuphratesA river thatflows southfrom Turkeythrough Syriaand Iraq
UrA city inancientSumer
cuneiformA form of writingthat used groupsof wedges andlines; used towrite severalFertile Crescentlanguages
supplyHow manyor howmuch of aresourcethere is
demandHow muchpeopledesire orneed aresource
Ancient Mesopotamia for Children Watch the video and answer the questions on the viewing guide.
Viewing Guide1.   Mesopotamia      lays          1.   A- Euphrates      between the      Tigris and      ________      Riv...
Viewing Guide2.   Sir Leonard      Woolley and        1. A- Wife      his      __________      began a      twelve year   ...
Viewing Guide3. Inthe royal    tombs at Ur,    the world’s    3. B- backgammon    oldest board    game was    found and is...
Viewing Guide4. A huge stepped    4. B- ziggurat  tower or  ‘___________’  was often at the  heart of  Sumerian cities.
Viewing Guide5. The Sumerian   city of Ur had   5. C- 30,000   a population   of   approximately   ____________   people.
Viewing Guide6. The ancient   Sumerians        6. C- dates   enjoyed a type   of wine which   they made from   ____________.
Viewing Guide7. The Sumerians  invented the     7. C- bronze  wheel and  made the first  plough out of  _____________.
Viewing Guide8. TheSumerian’s   writing                    8. B- triangle   system is   known as   cuneiform   from the La...
Viewing Guide9. Iron      was          9. B- Metal   known as           from   ‘___________’      heaven
Viewing Guide10. The city states of                       10. A- Water  Sumer began to  fight over  ____________.
Viewing Guide11. TheAssyrian    11. A- Israel   empire   stretched   from parts of   Asia Minor to   ___________.
The Story of Sargon IIKing Sargon II of Assyriaheard the news: Assyriahad attacked the nearbykingdoms of Urartu andZikurtu...
The Story of Sargon II             How dare they resist             the most powerful             monarch in the world?   ...
The Story of Sargon IIThe two kingdomswere no match for thepowerful Assyrianruler. His armiesquickly overcame theforces of...
The Story of Sargon IIThe Assyrians howled with laughterwhen they saw the king of Urartufleeing on an old horse. Sargon II...
EmpiresAn empire is an area of many territories andpeoples that is controlled by onegovernment.Rulers of empires gained gr...
BabyloniansBab-be-Low-Ne-ansNot baby lionsThey were the firstpowerful empire inhistory.
HammurabiCreated the BabylonianEmpire in 1787 BC byconquering the city-statesof Sumer and land to thenorth.Made the city o...
The Babylonian Empire            The Babylonians            built roads            throughout the            empire.      ...
CaravansGroups of travelingmerchants wouldtake to the roadsand stop inBabylon to bartertheir goods.
BazaarsMarkets, usuallyoutdoors,wheremerchants andtownspeoplewould bartertheir goods.
The End of the BabyloniansWhile Hammurabi was incontrol ofBabylon, people to thenorth were beginning togain some militarys...
The AssyriansThe next empire todominateMesopotamia.Assyrians were fiercewarriors andinnovators of militaryweapons andtechn...
Assyrian WeaponsBatteringRam
Assyrian WeaponsSling
Assyrian WeaponsArchers
Assyrian WeaponsChariots
But the Assyrians were not just               warriors…Their capital, Nineveh, was a city of great architecture andlearning.
NinevehZiggurat                     Library
The End of the Assyrians                 Two                 groups, Babylonia                 ns and Medes               ...
Babylonia Rises AgainAbout 1,000years afterHammurabi’s                              They calledempire collapsedthe descend...
Nebuchadnezzar  Their mightiest  king, Nebuchadnezzar, reb  uilt Babylon bigger and  better than it had ever  been before.
Center of Learning and ScienceAstronomers charted thepaths of the stars andmeasured the length ofthe year.They were the fi...
The Final End of the Babylonians                 The Chaldean                 empire was                 eventually defeat...
The Persian LegacyThe Persians built thelargest empire that theworld had seen up to thatpoint.
The Persian LegacyThe Persianreligion was      This is importantknown as          because mostZoroastrianism.   other anci...
The Difference      Monotheism                 PolytheismThe worship of one god.   The worship of many gods.
The Persian LegacyTheir empire washuge so theydeveloped            Bureaucracybureaucracy as away to rule such alarge area...
The Persian LegacyThe Persians didnot force anyoneto change theirbeliefs or follow anew religion.They allowedpeople to kee...
The Persian LegacyLasting Influence                    Through trade and                    conquest, Persian             ...
Three Tab Book1. Cut your booklet into three tabs.2. At the top of each tab, label it:   Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians3...
Wednesday, December 12th          2012Answer the following question in atleast 3 sentences.Which contribution made by theB...
Fertile crescent part 1 power point
Fertile crescent part 1 power point
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Fertile crescent part 1 power point

  1. 1. Take out your maps of the Middle East
  2. 2. Caspian Sea Black Sea Turkey Pal. Ter. Cyprus Syria Baghdad Lebanon TehranMediterraneanSea Israel Iraq Iran Jerusalem Kuwait Cairo Jordan Persian Gulf Qatar Egypt Saudi Arabia United Arab Riyadh Emirates Red Sea Oman Yemen Arabian Sea Indian Ocean
  3. 3. Fertile Crescent Vocabulary
  4. 4. excavationThe exposure,processing andrecording ofarchaeologicalremains
  5. 5. backgammonOne of theworld’s oldestboardgames
  6. 6. datesThe fruit of adate palmtree
  7. 7. PlowA farm toolused forbreaking upsoil.
  8. 8. ironAn element thatcan be used tocreate strongtools, structures, and machines.
  9. 9. zigguratThe sight of thetemple to themain god orgoddess of aSumerian city.
  10. 10. empireManyterritories andpeoplecontrolled byonegovernment
  11. 11. SumeriansPeoplefrom theearliest-knowncivilization
  12. 12. BabyloniansPeople froman ancientregion insouthwestMesopotamia
  13. 13. AssyriansPeople from anancient regionin northernMesopotamia
  14. 14. TigrisA river inIraq andTurkey
  15. 15. EuphratesA river thatflows southfrom Turkeythrough Syriaand Iraq
  16. 16. UrA city inancientSumer
  17. 17. cuneiformA form of writingthat used groupsof wedges andlines; used towrite severalFertile Crescentlanguages
  18. 18. supplyHow manyor howmuch of aresourcethere is
  19. 19. demandHow muchpeopledesire orneed aresource
  20. 20. Ancient Mesopotamia for Children Watch the video and answer the questions on the viewing guide.
  21. 21. Viewing Guide1. Mesopotamia lays 1. A- Euphrates between the Tigris and ________ Rivers.
  22. 22. Viewing Guide2. Sir Leonard Woolley and 1. A- Wife his __________ began a twelve year excavation of the lost city of Ur.
  23. 23. Viewing Guide3. Inthe royal tombs at Ur, the world’s 3. B- backgammon oldest board game was found and is something similar to ________.
  24. 24. Viewing Guide4. A huge stepped 4. B- ziggurat tower or ‘___________’ was often at the heart of Sumerian cities.
  25. 25. Viewing Guide5. The Sumerian city of Ur had 5. C- 30,000 a population of approximately ____________ people.
  26. 26. Viewing Guide6. The ancient Sumerians 6. C- dates enjoyed a type of wine which they made from ____________.
  27. 27. Viewing Guide7. The Sumerians invented the 7. C- bronze wheel and made the first plough out of _____________.
  28. 28. Viewing Guide8. TheSumerian’s writing 8. B- triangle system is known as cuneiform from the Latin word for _________.
  29. 29. Viewing Guide9. Iron was 9. B- Metal known as from ‘___________’ heaven
  30. 30. Viewing Guide10. The city states of 10. A- Water Sumer began to fight over ____________.
  31. 31. Viewing Guide11. TheAssyrian 11. A- Israel empire stretched from parts of Asia Minor to ___________.
  32. 32. The Story of Sargon IIKing Sargon II of Assyriaheard the news: Assyriahad attacked the nearbykingdoms of Urartu andZikurtu as planned. Butthe two kingdoms hadjoined forces againsthim.
  33. 33. The Story of Sargon II How dare they resist the most powerful monarch in the world? In the summer of 714 BC, king Sargon II set out to confront his enemies.
  34. 34. The Story of Sargon IIThe two kingdomswere no match for thepowerful Assyrianruler. His armiesquickly overcame theforces of Urartu andkilled all who resisted.
  35. 35. The Story of Sargon IIThe Assyrians howled with laughterwhen they saw the king of Urartufleeing on an old horse. Sargon IIlet him go. He knew the defeatedking would serve as a warning toothers who might later be temptedto challenge the mighty Assyrians.Sargon II was one of many kingswho ruled the Fertile Crescent afterthe fall of Sumer.
  36. 36. EmpiresAn empire is an area of many territories andpeoples that is controlled by onegovernment.Rulers of empires gained great wealththrough: Trade Agriculture What is agriculture? Farming
  37. 37. BabyloniansBab-be-Low-Ne-ansNot baby lionsThey were the firstpowerful empire inhistory.
  38. 38. HammurabiCreated the BabylonianEmpire in 1787 BC byconquering the city-statesof Sumer and land to thenorth.Made the city of Babylonthe capital of his empire.
  39. 39. The Babylonian Empire The Babylonians built roads throughout the empire. Babylon’s location made it a crossroads of trade.
  40. 40. CaravansGroups of travelingmerchants wouldtake to the roadsand stop inBabylon to bartertheir goods.
  41. 41. BazaarsMarkets, usuallyoutdoors,wheremerchants andtownspeoplewould bartertheir goods.
  42. 42. The End of the BabyloniansWhile Hammurabi was incontrol ofBabylon, people to thenorth were beginning togain some militarystrength.Shortly afterHammurabi’s death, theBabylonian Empire wasoverthrown.
  43. 43. The AssyriansThe next empire todominateMesopotamia.Assyrians were fiercewarriors andinnovators of militaryweapons andtechniques.
  44. 44. Assyrian WeaponsBatteringRam
  45. 45. Assyrian WeaponsSling
  46. 46. Assyrian WeaponsArchers
  47. 47. Assyrian WeaponsChariots
  48. 48. But the Assyrians were not just warriors…Their capital, Nineveh, was a city of great architecture andlearning.
  49. 49. NinevehZiggurat Library
  50. 50. The End of the Assyrians Two groups, Babylonia ns and Medes eventually joined together to defeat the Assyrians.
  51. 51. Babylonia Rises AgainAbout 1,000years afterHammurabi’s They calledempire collapsedthe descendants themselvesof the ChaldeansBabylonianscreated a newempire.
  52. 52. Nebuchadnezzar Their mightiest king, Nebuchadnezzar, reb uilt Babylon bigger and better than it had ever been before.
  53. 53. Center of Learning and ScienceAstronomers charted thepaths of the stars andmeasured the length ofthe year.They were the first to usea system dividing timeinto increments of 60.Farmers raised honeybees.
  54. 54. The Final End of the Babylonians The Chaldean empire was eventually defeated by a new, even more powerful civilization… The Persians
  55. 55. The Persian LegacyThe Persians built thelargest empire that theworld had seen up to thatpoint.
  56. 56. The Persian LegacyThe Persianreligion was This is importantknown as because mostZoroastrianism. other ancient people worshippedThe Persians many differentworshipped only gods andone god. goddesses.
  57. 57. The Difference Monotheism PolytheismThe worship of one god. The worship of many gods.
  58. 58. The Persian LegacyTheir empire washuge so theydeveloped Bureaucracybureaucracy as away to rule such alarge area.We have abureaucracy in theUS today.
  59. 59. The Persian LegacyThe Persians didnot force anyoneto change theirbeliefs or follow anew religion.They allowedpeople to keeptheir own culture. Tolerance
  60. 60. The Persian LegacyLasting Influence Through trade and conquest, Persian culture was spread around the world. Many of their achievements survive today in our own civilization.
  61. 61. Three Tab Book1. Cut your booklet into three tabs.2. At the top of each tab, label it: Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians3. On the cover of the tab, draw the outline of the empire’s territory using the map on page 39 as a guide.4. Inside the appropriate tab, write down what you think are the 5 most important details about each empire.
  62. 62. Wednesday, December 12th 2012Answer the following question in atleast 3 sentences.Which contribution made by theBabylonians, Assyrians, or Persians doyou think was the most important to ustoday and why?

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