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Ancient Mesopotamia for Children Watch the video and answer the questions on the viewing guide.
Viewing Guide1. Mesopotamia lays 1. A- Euphrates between the Tigris and ________ Rivers.
Viewing Guide2. Sir Leonard Woolley and 1. A- Wife his __________ began a twelve year excavation of the lost city of Ur.
Viewing Guide3. Inthe royal tombs at Ur, the world’s 3. B- backgammon oldest board game was found and is something similar to ________.
Viewing Guide4. A huge stepped 4. B- ziggurat tower or ‘___________’ was often at the heart of Sumerian cities.
Viewing Guide5. The Sumerian city of Ur had 5. C- 30,000 a population of approximately ____________ people.
Viewing Guide6. The ancient Sumerians 6. C- dates enjoyed a type of wine which they made from ____________.
Viewing Guide7. The Sumerians invented the 7. C- bronze wheel and made the first plough out of _____________.
Viewing Guide8. TheSumerian’s writing 8. B- triangle system is known as cuneiform from the Latin word for _________.
Viewing Guide9. Iron was 9. B- Metal known as from ‘___________’ heaven
Viewing Guide10. The city states of 10. A- Water Sumer began to fight over ____________.
Viewing Guide11. TheAssyrian 11. A- Israel empire stretched from parts of Asia Minor to ___________.
The Story of Sargon IIKing Sargon II of Assyriaheard the news: Assyriahad attacked the nearbykingdoms of Urartu andZikurtu as planned. Butthe two kingdoms hadjoined forces againsthim.
The Story of Sargon II How dare they resist the most powerful monarch in the world? In the summer of 714 BC, king Sargon II set out to confront his enemies.
The Story of Sargon IIThe two kingdomswere no match for thepowerful Assyrianruler. His armiesquickly overcame theforces of Urartu andkilled all who resisted.
The Story of Sargon IIThe Assyrians howled with laughterwhen they saw the king of Urartufleeing on an old horse. Sargon IIlet him go. He knew the defeatedking would serve as a warning toothers who might later be temptedto challenge the mighty Assyrians.Sargon II was one of many kingswho ruled the Fertile Crescent afterthe fall of Sumer.
EmpiresAn empire is an area of many territories andpeoples that is controlled by onegovernment.Rulers of empires gained great wealththrough: Trade Agriculture What is agriculture? Farming
BabyloniansBab-be-Low-Ne-ansNot baby lionsThey were the firstpowerful empire inhistory.
HammurabiCreated the BabylonianEmpire in 1787 BC byconquering the city-statesof Sumer and land to thenorth.Made the city of Babylonthe capital of his empire.
The Babylonian Empire The Babylonians built roads throughout the empire. Babylon’s location made it a crossroads of trade.
CaravansGroups of travelingmerchants wouldtake to the roadsand stop inBabylon to bartertheir goods.
The End of the BabyloniansWhile Hammurabi was incontrol ofBabylon, people to thenorth were beginning togain some militarystrength.Shortly afterHammurabi’s death, theBabylonian Empire wasoverthrown.
The AssyriansThe next empire todominateMesopotamia.Assyrians were fiercewarriors andinnovators of militaryweapons andtechniques.
The End of the Assyrians Two groups, Babylonia ns and Medes eventually joined together to defeat the Assyrians.
Babylonia Rises AgainAbout 1,000years afterHammurabi’s They calledempire collapsedthe descendants themselvesof the ChaldeansBabylonianscreated a newempire.
Nebuchadnezzar Their mightiest king, Nebuchadnezzar, reb uilt Babylon bigger and better than it had ever been before.
Center of Learning and ScienceAstronomers charted thepaths of the stars andmeasured the length ofthe year.They were the first to usea system dividing timeinto increments of 60.Farmers raised honeybees.
The Final End of the Babylonians The Chaldean empire was eventually defeated by a new, even more powerful civilization… The Persians
The Persian LegacyThe Persians built thelargest empire that theworld had seen up to thatpoint.
The Persian LegacyThe Persianreligion was This is importantknown as because mostZoroastrianism. other ancient people worshippedThe Persians many differentworshipped only gods andone god. goddesses.
The Difference Monotheism PolytheismThe worship of one god. The worship of many gods.
The Persian LegacyTheir empire washuge so theydeveloped Bureaucracybureaucracy as away to rule such alarge area.We have abureaucracy in theUS today.
The Persian LegacyThe Persians didnot force anyoneto change theirbeliefs or follow anew religion.They allowedpeople to keeptheir own culture. Tolerance
The Persian LegacyLasting Influence Through trade and conquest, Persian culture was spread around the world. Many of their achievements survive today in our own civilization.
Three Tab Book1. Cut your booklet into three tabs.2. At the top of each tab, label it: Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians3. On the cover of the tab, draw the outline of the empire’s territory using the map on page 39 as a guide.4. Inside the appropriate tab, write down what you think are the 5 most important details about each empire.
Wednesday, December 12th 2012Answer the following question in atleast 3 sentences.Which contribution made by theBabylonians, Assyrians, or Persians doyou think was the most important to ustoday and why?