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Art and architecture powerpoint


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Art and architecture powerpoint

  1. 1. • As soon as you enter the room sit in your assigned seat and begin the warm-up activity below.• There should be no talking.• Brainstorm as many forms of art that you can think of.
  2. 2. 1.Architecture2.Crafts and Sculpture3.Paintings4.Literature5.Music
  3. 3. • Religious beliefs, including that of eternal life • Tomb building • Massive architecture due to the need to have stability inFuncti walls.on
  4. 4. • Tombs and Temples• Thick sloping walls• Stone Columns• Stone lintels• Flat roofs• Small openings• Covered in hieroglyphs and religious symbols
  5. 5. • Stone, particularly limestone, was used in large monumental buildings• Wood was rarely used because there are no natural resources of wood in Egypt• Sun-dried mud bricks were used in small buildings and houses
  6. 6. • Durable stone structures have survived thousands of years • Monumental temples • Tombs • Pyramids
  7. 7. • Basic construction method used the post and lintel• No mortar was used so stones had to be cut to fit together perfectly• Ramps allowed workers to pull stones to the top of structures
  8. 8. • Most had many symbolic elements.• There were laws that applied to the use of symbols and artists were ranked according to their compliance with those laws.• Crafts and sculptures reflect knowledge of human and animal anatomy.
  9. 9. •Pottery was created using a potters wheel.
  10. 10. Statue Ushabti Usually used at funerals and inMost important symbols of religion tombs
  11. 11. • Cosmic symbols of the sun god, Ra• Placed in pairs in front of temples in order to magically
  12. 12. • Guardians placed in temples and beside pyramids.• Served to protect holy buildings.
  13. 13. •Most important object in royal tombs.•Its purpose was to protect the body.
  14. 14. • Served as decoration and magical protection.• Used by all social classes.• Materials varied from expensive gold to cheap clay.
  15. 15. • Used to cover the face of mummies.• Masks of the upper class were made out of gold.
  16. 16. • Used a style known as Frontalism
  17. 17. • What invention •Potter’s allowed Wheel people to create higher quality pottery
  18. 18. 1. Religious Literature 1. Hymns to the gods 2. Mythology 3. Pyramid Texts 1. Instructions for the process of mummifying the dead 4. Coffin Texts 1. Special spells that would be used in the afterlife 5. The Book of the Dead 1. Tricks and instructions for gaining entrance into the afterlife
  19. 19. oSecular (Non-religious) Literature o Cinderella o Crocodile o Doomed Prince o Journey to the Land of the Dead o Proverbs o Sealed Letter o Turquoise Amulet
  20. 20. • Music was a very important part of religious worship in Egypt.• Musicians were professional and played in specific places such as in temples, the pharaoh’s palace, or religious festivals.
  21. 21. 1. Percussion Instruments 1. Drums 2. Castanets 3. Bells 4. Sistrum 5. Cymbals2. Wind Instruments 1. Ugab 2. Trumpet 3. Shofar3. Stringed Instruments 1. Kinnor 2. Harp 3. Lute