The vietnam war for website

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  • Ho Chi Minh had been fighting for Vietnamese independence since World War I. The U.S. gave France aid to win its support in American anticommunist efforts in Western Europe.
  • Ho Chi Minh had been fighting for Vietnamese independence since World War I. The U.S. gave France aid to win its support in American anticommunist efforts in Western Europe.
  • Realizing he would Diem backs out of elections.
  • Realizing he would Diem backs out of elections.
  • What Johnson told Congress What he didn’t tell Congress: He had already written the resolution before the “incident.” The U.S. naval vessels were aiding ARVN in commando raids in North Vietnam at the time. He learned that the attack probably hadn’t occurred. The U.S. navy was not on the “high seas” but in N. Vietnam’s 12 mile territorial limit.
  • What Johnson told Congress What he didn’t tell Congress: He had already written the resolution before the “incident.” The U.S. naval vessels were aiding ARVN in commando raids in North Vietnam at the time. He learned that the attack probably hadn’t occurred. The U.S. navy was not on the “high seas” but in N. Vietnam’s 12 mile territorial limit.
  • Kennedy’s advisors were clearly fighting a covert war by 1963. MacNamara has suggested that he believes Kennedy would have pulled the U.S. out, but evidence in inconclusive. JFK realizes Diem is a liability; offers quiet support to a Vietnamese military coup d’etat. The coup results in the brutal murders of Diem and his brother The Vietnamese generals overthrow one another. A relatively stable, but tyrannical government emerges. It is little better than Diem’s.
  • The vietnam war for website

    1. 1. The Vietnam War1954 - 1975
    2. 2. Background to the Warz France controlled “Indochina” since the late 19th centuryz Japan took control during World War IIz With U.S. aid, France attempted re-colonization in the postwar period
    3. 3. Background to the Warz The French lost control to Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces in 1954 at Dien Bien Phuz President Eisenhower declined to intervene on behalf of France.
    4. 4. Background to the Warz International Conference at Geneva  Vietnam was divided at 17 th parallel O Ho Chi Minh’s nationalist forces controlled the North O Ngo Dinh Diem, a French- educated, Roman Catholic claimed control of the South
    5. 5. U.S. Military Involvement Beginsz Repressive dictatorial rule by Diem  Diem’s family holds all power  Wealth is hoarded by the elite  Buddhist majority persecuted  Torture, lack of political freedom prevailz The U.S. aided Diem’s government  Ike sent financial and military aid  675 U.S. Army advisors sent by 1960.
    6. 6. Early Protests of Diem’s GovernmentSelf-Emolation by a Buddhist Monk
    7. 7. Johnson Sends Ground Forcesz Remembers Truman’s “loss” of China  Domino Theory revived I’m not going to be the president who saw Southeast Asia go the way China went.
    8. 8. Johnson Sends Ground Forcesz Tonkin Gulf Incident  1964 (acc. to Johnson, the attacks were unprovoked)z Tonkin Gulf Resolution  “The Blank Check” *
    9. 9. U.S. Troop Deployments in Vietnam 600,000 500,000 400,000U.S. Troops 300,000 200,000 100,000 01961 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968
    10. 10. The Ground War 1965-1968z No territorial goalsz Body counts on TV every night (first “living room” war)z Viet Cong supplies over the Ho Chi Minh Trail
    11. 11. The Air War 1965-1968z 1965: Sustained bombing of North Vietnamz Operation Rolling Thunder (March 2, 1965)z 1966-68: Ongoing bombing of Hanoi nonstop for 3 years! Esp. targets the Ho Chi Minh Trail.z Carpet Bombing – napalm
    12. 12. The Air War:A Napalm Attack
    13. 13. Who Is the Enemy?z Vietcong: Vietcong  Farmers by day; guerillas at night.  Very patient people willing to accept many casualties.  The US grossly underestimated their resolve and their resourcefulness.The guerilla wins if he does not lose,the conventional army loses if it doesnot win. -- Mao Zedong
    14. 14. Who Is theEnemy?
    15. 15. The Tet Offensive, January 1968z N. Vietnamese Army + Viet Cong attack South simultaneously (67,000 attack 100 cities, bases, and the US embassy in Saigon)z Take every major southern cityz U.S. + ARVN beat back the offensivez Viet Cong destroyedz N. Vietnamese army debilitatedz BUT…it’s seen as an American defeat by the media
    16. 16. The TetOffensiv e,January 1968
    17. 17. Impact of the Tet Offensivez Domestic U.S. Reaction: Disbelief, Anger, Distrust of Johnson Administrationz Hey, Hey LBJ! How many kids did you kill today?
    18. 18. Johnson’spopularitydropped in1968 from48% to 36%.
    19. 19. Impact of the Vietnam WarJohnson announces (March, 1968): …I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President.
    20. 20. American Morale Begins to Dipz Disproportionate representation of poor people and minorities.z Severe racial problems.z Major drug problems.z Officers in combat 6 mo.; in rear 6 mo. Enlisted men in combat for 12 mo.
    21. 21. Are We Becoming the Enemy? Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry z Mylai Massacre, 1968 z 200-500 unarmed villagersz Lt. William Calley, Platoon Leader

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