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According to Maria Gjolberg                 In ‘The origin of corporate social responsibility: global forces or national l...
NEW RELATIONSHIP:             STATE, MARKETS AND SOCIETY              NEW ROLE OF THE PRIVATE               SECTOR IN THE ...
   FINDING THE CAUSES AND ORIGINS OF CSR    PERFORMANCE, EXPLORING:             TWO          HYPOTHESIS    Globalist     ...
MOTIVATED BY GLOBALIZATION AND THE BUSINESS CASE FOR CSRFAST GLOBALIZATION:                             DISSATISFACTION:• ...
NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS INFLUENCE AND MOLD THE ECONOMY      THROUGH LEGAL, SOCIAL AND POLITIC FACTORS                       ...
METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES•DATA AND VARIABLES’ CHOICE;•INFORMATION COMPARABILITY;•ANALYTICAL STRATEGY;                     ...
DATA FROM COMPANIES IN THE DOMINANTINTERNATIONAL CSR PERFORMANCE RANKINGS                              DIVERSITY OF       ...
GROUP OF LEADERS IS DIVERSE                      CAUSAL                     COMPLEXITY              MORE THAN A PATH TO CS...
   COUNTRIES WITH HIGH PROPORTION OF TNC’S*                AND ‘OUTWARD FDI’* HAVE HIGH CSR SCORESPOSTULATE              ...
Almost                 Low           sufficient   There mustCONFIRMS            triangles are      condition,    be morePO...
   Countries that have high rates of Social, Corporatist                and Political Culture, will have high CSR scoresP...
12
ACTIVE STATE                    • Confirms postulate;    (SOCIAL)  ACTIVE STATE      • Non necessary nor sufficient condit...
BOTHEXPLAIN                       SEVERALPART OF                       CAUSES  THESUCCESS          CSRSR 2011             14
Causal combinations, even in contradictory ways, may           generate the same outcome; Introduction of qualitative info...
5 VARIABLES IN 2 COMBINATIONS OBTAINED AS CONSISTENT;Conssistency: how combinations of causes display the same outcome.   ...
DIAGONAL SHOWS THE                    PATH              NORDIC CASE IS WELL                 REPRESENTED              UK, C...
LACK OF CSR IS WELL                  REPRESENTED              LAGERS AT THE BOTTOM                BELGIUM AND             ...
2 LEADERS NOT    COMPLEMENTARY                  REPRESENTED         PATHS3 INCONSISTENT     CASES         CAN, AUS*       ...
UNIVERSAL               APLICATION             COMBINATIONS OF                FACTORS                  LOCAL IS           ...
CSRSR 2011   21
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CSR Origins

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A summary of an article reggarding the drivers of Social Responsibility in western democratic economies

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
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CSR Origins

  1. 1. According to Maria Gjolberg In ‘The origin of corporate social responsibility: global forces or national legacies?’ Bruno Duarte Student no. 110480032Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting 2011 1
  2. 2. NEW RELATIONSHIP: STATE, MARKETS AND SOCIETY NEW ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN THE NATIONAL GLOBAL GOVERNANCECSRSR 2011 2
  3. 3.  FINDING THE CAUSES AND ORIGINS OF CSR PERFORMANCE, EXPLORING: TWO HYPOTHESIS Globalist Institutionalist CSRSR 2011 3
  4. 4. MOTIVATED BY GLOBALIZATION AND THE BUSINESS CASE FOR CSRFAST GLOBALIZATION: DISSATISFACTION:• social costs; • anti-globalization;•gaps of governance; • license to operate; > PROPORTION OF > NUMBER OF GLOBAL COMPANIES COMPANIES IN CSR CSRSR 2011 4
  5. 5. NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS INFLUENCE AND MOLD THE ECONOMY THROUGH LEGAL, SOCIAL AND POLITIC FACTORS Institutional embedding: • divergent environments for companies; • may differ for different activities/sectors; • better embedding in the economy means better CSR performance. > SOCIAL STATE > CSR SCORE STRENGTH OF COMPANIES CSRSR 2011 5
  6. 6. METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES•DATA AND VARIABLES’ CHOICE;•INFORMATION COMPARABILITY;•ANALYTICAL STRATEGY; UNIVERSE• OCCIDENTAL DEMOCRATIC COUNTRIES CSR CONCEPT/DEFINITION•NORMATIVE AND IDEOLOGICAL EXERCISE, NOT MERELY TECHNICAL. CSRSR 2011 6
  7. 7. DATA FROM COMPANIES IN THE DOMINANTINTERNATIONAL CSR PERFORMANCE RANKINGS DIVERSITY OF COMPANIES AND INDUSTRIES CSRSR 2011 7
  8. 8. GROUP OF LEADERS IS DIVERSE CAUSAL COMPLEXITY MORE THAN A PATH TO CSR SUCCESSCSRSR 2011 8
  9. 9.  COUNTRIES WITH HIGH PROPORTION OF TNC’S* AND ‘OUTWARD FDI’* HAVE HIGH CSR SCORESPOSTULATE * Transnational corporations and Outward foreign direct investment CSRSR 2011 9
  10. 10. Almost Low sufficient There mustCONFIRMS triangles are condition, be morePOSTULATE empty but no causes necessary CSRSR 2011 10
  11. 11.  Countries that have high rates of Social, Corporatist and Political Culture, will have high CSR scoresPOSTULATE CSRSR 2011 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. ACTIVE STATE • Confirms postulate; (SOCIAL) ACTIVE STATE • Non necessary nor sufficient condition;(ENVIRONMENTAL) • BUT, no country with a high ESI is non leader; CORPORATIST • Non sufficient condition; INTEGRATION • Confirms postulate;POLITICAL CULTURE • Non suficient condition; CSRSR 2011 13
  14. 14. BOTHEXPLAIN SEVERALPART OF CAUSES THESUCCESS CSRSR 2011 14
  15. 15. Causal combinations, even in contradictory ways, may generate the same outcome; Introduction of qualitative information and method calibration; Half verbal-conceptual, half mathematic-analytical approach; Allows to explore if combinations of variables are sufficient causes. CSRSR 2011 15
  16. 16. 5 VARIABLES IN 2 COMBINATIONS OBTAINED AS CONSISTENT;Conssistency: how combinations of causes display the same outcome. MULTIPLE 2 PATHS CAUSALITY TO CSR CSRSR 2011 16
  17. 17. DIAGONAL SHOWS THE PATH NORDIC CASE IS WELL REPRESENTED UK, CAN, AUS, NOT REPRESENTED BY THIS HYPOTHESISCSRSR 2011 17
  18. 18. LACK OF CSR IS WELL REPRESENTED LAGERS AT THE BOTTOM BELGIUM AND IRELAND ARE INCONSISTENT CASESCSRSR 2011 18
  19. 19. 2 LEADERS NOT COMPLEMENTARY REPRESENTED PATHS3 INCONSISTENT CASES CAN, AUS* MULTIPLIING (TNC AND ENV ) EFFECT CSRSR 2011 19
  20. 20. UNIVERSAL APLICATION COMBINATIONS OF FACTORS LOCAL IS IMPORTANT POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE INFLUENCE ON CSR BY COMPANIESCSRSR 2011 20
  21. 21. CSRSR 2011 21

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