Suenose Imagens

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  • Suenose Imagens

    1. 1. Sueños e Imágenes Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    2. 2. Consciencia <ul><li>The awareness of the sensations, thoughts, and feelings being experienced </li></ul><ul><li>at a given moment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waking consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altered states of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>consciousness </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Ryan McVay/Getty Images
    3. 3. Stages of Sleep <ul><li>Stage 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- The stage of transition between wakefulness and sleep that is characterized by relatively rapid, low-voltage brain waves </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. <ul><li>Stage 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characterized by a slower, more regular wave pattern and momentary interruptions of sharply pointed spiky waves called sleep spindles </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Stages of Sleep <ul><li>Stage 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain waves become slower with an appearance of higher peaks and lower valleys in the wave pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deepest stage of sleep where people are least responsive to outside stimuli and the wave patterns are more slower and regular </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    5. 5. REM Sleep: The Paradox of Sleep <ul><li>Sleep that occupies a little over 20% of an adult’s sleeping time and is characterized by </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid eye movement </li></ul><ul><li>Increased and irregular heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in breathing rate </li></ul><ul><li>Erections in males </li></ul><ul><li>Usually accompanied by dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Person’s body is typically “paralyzed” </li></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    6. 6. The Function and Meaning of Dreaming <ul><li>Unconscious wish fulfillment theory (Freud 1900) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed that dreams represented unconscious wishes that dreamers desire to see fulfilled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latent content refers to the “disguised” meaning of the dream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manifest content refers to the actual story line of the dream </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. PhotoLink/Getty Images Royalty-Free/CORBIS
    7. 7. The Function and Meaning of Dreaming <ul><li>Dreams-for-survival theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dreams permit information that is critical for our daily survival to be reconsidered and reprocessed during sleep </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
    8. 8. The Function and Meaning of Dreaming <ul><li>Activation-synthesis theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The brain produces random electrical energy during REM sleep that stimulates memories lodged in various portions of the brain which are put together to make a logical story line </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Royalty-Free/CORBIS
    9. 9. Sleep Disturbances <ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep apnea </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden infant death syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Narcolepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepwalking </li></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Geoff Manasse/Getty Images
    10. 10. Circadian Rhythms: Life Cycles <ul><li>Biological processes that occur repeatedly on approximately a 24-hour cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Seasonal affective disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Jet lag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Daydreams </li></ul>Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Keith Brofsky/Getty Images

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