Uplift plant parts

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Uplift plant parts

  1. 1. Plant Parts and Functions Melissa Morris
  2. 2. Parts of The Plant • Roots • Leaves • Stem • Flower • Seed
  3. 3. Parts of the Seed Image found at: www.puc.edu
  4. 4. Parts of the Seed • Embryo – Growing part of seed containing: • Endosperm – Tissue that provides nutrition for the developing seed • Cotyledon – Food Storage • Seed Coat – Protective outer covering of the seed
  5. 5. Seed Function • To create a new plant like its parent plant.
  6. 6. Roots • 2 Types of Root Systems – Taproot – Fibrous System Image found at: http://www.puc.edu
  7. 7. Roots Taproot System Primary roots grow down from the stem with some secondary roots forming Image found at: http://www.arboretum.fullerton.edu
  8. 8. Roots Fibrous Root System Small lateral roots that spread out just below the soil Image found at: www.wildmanstevebrill.com surface
  9. 9. Root Functions Roots have 4 primary functions • • • • Absorb water and nutrients in soil Move water and nutrients to stem Anchor the plant in the soil Store food and water
  10. 10. Leaf Parts • Blade – Main body of leaf • Petiole – Attaches blade to stem • Midrib – Large central vein Image found at: www.yourdictionary.com
  11. 11. Important Functions of Leaves • Photosynthesis – Process that plants use to produce their food • Transpiration – Loss of water and exchange of carbon dioxide
  12. 12. Parts of the Stem • Node – Areas where side branches and leaves develop • Internode – Area between nodes Image found at: www.ext.colostate.edu
  13. 13. Functions of the Stem • Transport water and nutrients from roots to leaves • Supports leaves, fruit, and flowers • Food storage Image found at: www.karencarr.com
  14. 14. Flower Parts • Petals – Highly colored part of the flower, may contain perfume and/or nectar glands • Sepals – Small green structures on the base of a flower that protect the flower bud Image found at: http://biology.clc.uc.edu
  15. 15. Flower Function To make fruit and seed • Flowers are pollinated by: – Wind – Insects – Birds

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