Geography• Population: 5 million people, one of the smallest in Europe• Area: 385.000 square kilometers, one of the largest in Europe• Language: Norwegian• Capital city: Oslo• My hometown: Haugesund
Northern Lights• Norway is far north.• In the winter in the northern parts of Norway the sun never rises. It is cold and dark all day!• But sometimes you can see the Northern Lights!
Midnight Sun• In the summer in the northern parts of Norway the sun never sets. It is bright and sometimes sunny all day and all night!• Because the sun may shine at midnight it is called the Midnight Sun.
Norway is a fjord countryA fjord is a deep bayor inlet along the coast,sometimes surroundedby tall mountains … …with often glaciers on toponthe top.
Norway is a monarchyKing Harald, Queen Sonja, and the Royal Palace
Norway is rich on oil• Oil was discovered under the ocean floor of the North Sea. Big oil platforms drill for oil, and the oil is transported in pipelines to land where it is refined and sold.• Norway has become a rich, but expensive country.
Fishing• Because so much of the country is a coastal area, fishing is very important.
Famous Norwegians• Roald Amundsen(1872-1928) was the first person to reach the South Pole, in 1911.• He used dog sleds to reach the pole.• Edvard Munch (1863-1944) is Norway’s most famous painter. He painted “The Scream”.
• I went to Oslo to the Munch Museum an this is Me and the “Scream”!
Animals in Norway Polar bearReindeer Elk Wolf Muskox
Nobel peace prize• The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo every year for important work in making or keeping peace in world. Nelson MandelaMartin Luther King Jr. Mother Teresa The Red Cross Amnesty International
Sports• Most kids play football (soccer). But winter sports like skiing and hockey are also very big.• And the Norwegian women have been World Champions in both handball and soccer.
Holmenkollen in Oslo• This is the biggest ski jumping and winter sport arena in Norway.
Norwegian people• Norwegians truly love nature, their mountains,, forests and sea . It is very popular to own a simple, wooden cottage (called hytte) in the mountains, sometimes in very remote places, even without electricity and running water.• Many people cross-country ski.
Brunost (Brown cheese)• is a “national treasure” and is loved by old and young alike• it is made from goat’s milk which is boiled for hours until most of the water has evaporated and the sugars have caramelised.• Brunost is always served using a cheese slicer.
The Viking Age• Between the years 800 and 1100 the Vikings lived in Norway and in other Northern countries.• They were famous for sailing huge distances and raiding and plundering people in other countries.• But they also traded with people from other countries.
Vikings on sea• The Vikings were very good sailors. They built boats that were very long and narrow.• They were called longships or dragonships, because they had giant wood carvings of dragons.• Each longboat could carry over 100 people.• They were sailing vessel, but also had oars, which made it easier to navigate.
Longboats • These viking ships are in a museum in Oslo.
Viking discoveries• Norwegian vikings sailed to England, Scotland, Ireland, Iceland and Greenland.• Around 500 years before Christopher Columbus ‘discovered’ the American continent, Vikings had visited its shores, landing in what is now Canada in around AD 1000.
Viking runes• The viking alphabet is called runes. They were carved on stones and wood.• They were made up of straight lines..
Helmets with horns?• Many people think of the Vikings as always wearing big helmets with horns. Actually, there was only one Viking helmet found in Norway, and it didnt have any horns.
Viking Longhouses• Viking homes were long rectangular buildings. Often one end of the longhouse was used as a barn.• Country homes throughout the Viking World range from 30-60m long by 5m wide.
Inside of a Longhouse• There weren’t any beds in an average Viking Longhouse. People would sleep wrapped in furs on benches which were attached to the walls of the dwelling.• A fireplace would be somewhere in the middle of the floor.
Viking weapons• The Vikings were greatly feared for their strength and skill in battles.• They mostly used swords, axes and shields.
• Norwegians are Christians and built their churches from wood.• Before Christianity they believed in many gods: Odin – chief of gods Thor – god of lightning Frey – god of nature