Cloud Computing
Standardization

    Seungyun Lee, Ph.D
       <syl@etri.re.kr>
Everything on the
    Clouds ?
We already live in
 Cloud world !
Cloud Business Model




                *source: http://www.saasblogs.com/
Cloud Business Model

      New business opportunity
Why People use Cloud ?

          On-demand use
          Ubiquitous Access
          Pay-as-you-go
          Elasticity
 ...
Cloud is Green !

Resource
 Saving


            Cost
           Saving   Energy
                    Saving
Does Cloud always Goodness ?
What’s the problem?
Reality of Cloud Computing
3 Key Requirements                   from NIST

   Reliability
   problem
                 Portability
Security           ...
Cloud User Surveys - Challenges
     Q: Rate the challenges/issues of the 'cloud'/on-demand model

                       ...
Do we need standards?
                  Lock-in
                  problem



    Reliability             Inter-cloud
    p...
Standardization Problem
  Nothing New

                                            proprietary
            Technology
    ...
Major Issues on Cloud Computing
                     To be standardized !
                                                ...
What should be standardized?
      Security

                 Portability
                                                ...
What should be considered?



Barrier & Weapon
     SLA        Legals
JTC1


            JTC1




<SDOs & Fora related to Cloud Computing>
JTC1

     ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 / SGCC
Title:! Distributed Application Platforms and Services (DAPS)
Scope:!Standardization ...
JTC1

           ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 / SGCC
Terms of References for SGCC
 1. Provide a taxonomy, terminology and value prop...
JTC1

        ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 / SGCC
•   Working Method :
    !   SGCC Editorial Team will produce a draft Study Group ...
ITU-T Focus Group Cloud (FG Cloud)
Terms of References
• FG Objective
    The objective of the Focus Group is to collect a...
ITU-T Focus Group Cloud (FG Cloud)
Deliverables & Milestone
                                                              ...
ITU-T Focus Group Cloud (FG Cloud)
 Business roles in a Cloud Ecosystem
Summary




                     rds?
               Standa
          Silo


            JTC1

          Global Standards
Future of Cloud Computing
                                          Desktop Cloud
           Entertainment Cloud          ...
Mobile Goes
                       to the Cloud




More Rich Cloud Services
Operating System goes
to the Cloud
nd  the
Beyo
   Clo ud
More Standardization
      Issues ?
Thank You
Seungyun Lee / Ph.D.
Convenor of ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 SGCC | Study Group on Cloud Computing
Director of Service Co...
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Cloud computing standards

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Quick review for status of cloud computing standards activity with related issues.

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Cloud computing standards

  1. 1. Cloud Computing Standardization Seungyun Lee, Ph.D <syl@etri.re.kr>
  2. 2. Everything on the Clouds ?
  3. 3. We already live in Cloud world !
  4. 4. Cloud Business Model *source: http://www.saasblogs.com/
  5. 5. Cloud Business Model New business opportunity
  6. 6. Why People use Cloud ? On-demand use Ubiquitous Access Pay-as-you-go Elasticity Resource Utilization
  7. 7. Cloud is Green ! Resource Saving Cost Saving Energy Saving
  8. 8. Does Cloud always Goodness ?
  9. 9. What’s the problem?
  10. 10. Reality of Cloud Computing
  11. 11. 3 Key Requirements from NIST Reliability problem Portability Security Lock-in problem Interoperability Inter-cloud problem
  12. 12. Cloud User Surveys - Challenges Q: Rate the challenges/issues of the 'cloud'/on-demand model Security 87.5% Availability 83.3% Performance 82.9% On-demand paym’t model may cost more 81.0% Lack of interoperability standards 80.2% Bringing back in-house may be difficult 79.8% Hard to integrate with in-house IT 76.8% Not enough ability to customize 76.0% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% (Scale: 1 = Not at all concerned 5 = Very concerned) Source: IDC Enterprise Panel, 3Q09, n = 263, September 2009
  13. 13. Do we need standards? Lock-in problem Reliability Inter-cloud problem problem YES, we need at minimum !
  14. 14. Standardization Problem Nothing New proprietary Technology Business Model ? Service Architecture Diversity
  15. 15. Major Issues on Cloud Computing To be standardized ! St ds Definition, an ar Taxonomy, da tand Terms. rd s S Security Provisioning Model Environmental Inter- Business Issues operability Process Architecture Legality St ds an ar da Availability nd rd ta s S Source: ETRI, 2010
  16. 16. What should be standardized? Security Portability Performance Interoperability Inter-cloud SLA Source: http://cloud-standards.org/wiki/
  17. 17. What should be considered? Barrier & Weapon SLA Legals
  18. 18. JTC1 JTC1 <SDOs & Fora related to Cloud Computing>
  19. 19. JTC1 ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 / SGCC Title:! Distributed Application Platforms and Services (DAPS) Scope:!Standardization for interoperable Distributed Application Platform and services including: •! Web Services, Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), and •! Cloud Computing. As per the JTC 1 Directives, SC 38 establishes its own substructure at its first meeting in Beijing China, May 2010 • Web Service WG • Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) WG • Cloud Computing SG
  20. 20. JTC1 ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 / SGCC Terms of References for SGCC 1. Provide a taxonomy, terminology and value proposition for Cloud Computing. 2. Assess the current state of standardization in Cloud Computing within JTC 1 and in other SDOs and consortia beginning with document JTC 1 N 9687*. 3. Document standardization market/business/user requirements and the challenges to be addressed. 4. Liaise and collaborate with relevant SDOs and consortia related to Cloud Computing. 5. Hold open meetings to gather requirements as needed from a wide range of interested organizations. 6. Provide a report of activities and recommendations to SC 38. *N9687: Report of JTC 1/SWG-Planning on possible future work on Cloud Computing in JTC 1 (2009) Source: Resolution of ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 38 Plenary
  21. 21. JTC1 ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 / SGCC • Working Method : ! SGCC Editorial Team will produce a draft Study Group report by 15 November 2010 ! Cloud Computing Standards Analysis work Team will carry out its analysis and deliver a report as per Resolution 8 by 7 March 2011 Value Gap Standards Terminology Taxonomy Analysis Requirements Proposition
  22. 22. ITU-T Focus Group Cloud (FG Cloud) Terms of References • FG Objective The objective of the Focus Group is to collect and document information and concepts that would be helpful for developing Recommendations to support cloud computing services/applications from a telecommunication/ICT perspective. • Specific tasks and deliverables r’s ndoto support cloud Ve - Benefits of cloud computing from telecommunication/ICT perspectives ork computing N tw - Gap analysis of ITU-T standards for telecommunication/ICT evalue propositions of cloud computing with a - Collect and summarize & and o vision aspectsective T elcwithin the ITU-Tsinp telecom networks to take focus on telecommunication/ICT ercapabilities - Leverage expertise P building advantage of cloud concepts and - Terminology and taxonomy and to develop new definition when necessary - Analysis of telecommunication/ICT networking requirements functions and capabilities to support cloud computing services/applications (for both fixed and mobile) - Use cases of services and reference models for telecommunication/ICT to support cloud computing - Roadmap to guide further developments of relevant ITU-T Recommendations. Source: http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/focusgroups/cloud/tor.html
  23. 23. ITU-T Focus Group Cloud (FG Cloud) Deliverables & Milestone Milestone Deliverable Documents FG-Cloud#2 FG-Cloud#3 FG-Cloud#4 FG-Cloud#5 2010/09 2010/12 2011/01 2011/05 1) Eco-system: taxonomy, definition, use case, Final review general requirement Initial draft Draft for review Completion before TSAG Final review 2) Reference architecture Initial draft Draft for review Completion before TSAG Final review 3) Infrastructure & Network enabled cloud Initial draft Draft for review Completion before TSAG 4) Security Initial draft Draft for review Final review before Completion TSAG 5) Overview of SDO: Gap analysis Initial draft Completion Update Update (Final review) 6) Repository completed Update Update Update 7) Benefits from Telecommunication Initial draft Final review before Completion perspectives TSAG 8) Roadmap Initial draft Final review before TSAG 9) Report to TSAG (Feb 2011) Initial draft Completion Final Report
  24. 24. ITU-T Focus Group Cloud (FG Cloud) Business roles in a Cloud Ecosystem
  25. 25. Summary rds? Standa Silo JTC1 Global Standards
  26. 26. Future of Cloud Computing Desktop Cloud Entertainment Cloud Storage/Data Cloud Mobile Cloud e-Book Cloud e-Learning Cloud Future Clouds Social Cloud Cloud Office Heath-care Cloud IPTV | Media Cloud Energy Efficiency | Green Cloud Source: © ETRI 2009
  27. 27. Mobile Goes to the Cloud More Rich Cloud Services
  28. 28. Operating System goes to the Cloud
  29. 29. nd the Beyo Clo ud More Standardization Issues ?
  30. 30. Thank You Seungyun Lee / Ph.D. Convenor of ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC38 SGCC | Study Group on Cloud Computing Director of Service Convergence Standards Research Team, Standards Research Center, ETRI Manager of W3C Korea Office Office. +82-42-860-5508, Mobile. +82-10-8720-2954 Email. syl@etri.re.kr, syl@w3.org, bluse2@gmail.com twitter @seungyun

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