(Second) Language Acquisition Student’s Name/ ID  : Betty  9722609     Yuri  9722616      Vivian 9722607 Instructor : Phil...
SLA –Question of Chapter 2 Question 5 : Please define Discourse. <ul><li>Pragmatics </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatics and Disco...
The study of how context and situation affect meaning.  A linguistic unit that comprises more than one sentence.  The stud...
Pragmatic <ul><li>Pragmatic  is concerned with the interpretation of linguistic meaning in context. Two kinds of contexts ...
Pragmatic and Discourse Pragmatic Discourse Pragmatic is important when  interpreting  discourse.  Consists of several sen...
Discourse <ul><li>Within a discourse, preceding sentences affect the meaning of sentence that follows them in various ways...
Disambiguates words he  he  — John himself  — another people bank bank  — rafting on a river  — finical company  John beli...
Pronouns and Discourse <ul><li>In a discourse, prior linguistic context plays a primary role in pronoun interpretation. In...
Discourse Analysis <ul><li>Discourse analysis  is the social and linguistic description of norms governing such production...
Discourse Analysis and Discourse Discourse analysis  Discourse The study of  cohesion  and other relationships between sen...
Specific Discourse <ul><li>The specific discourse in which a statement is made will govern the kinds of connections that c...
Conclusion <ul><li>Discourse  is communication that goes back and forth (from the Latin,  discursus , &quot;running to and...
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(Second) Language Acquisition語言習得\The questions of Ch2-group discussion

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(Second) Language Acquisition語言習得\The questions of Ch2-group discussion

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(Second) Language Acquisition語言習得\The questions of Ch2-group discussion

  1. 1. (Second) Language Acquisition Student’s Name/ ID : Betty 9722609 Yuri 9722616 Vivian 9722607 Instructor : Philip Lin Date : Oct. 13th, 2008
  2. 2. SLA –Question of Chapter 2 Question 5 : Please define Discourse. <ul><li>Pragmatics </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatics and Discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Disambiguates words </li></ul><ul><li>Pronouns and Discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse Analysis and Discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. The study of how context and situation affect meaning. A linguistic unit that comprises more than one sentence. The study of broad speech units comprising multiple sentences. Pragmatics Discourse Discourse analysis
  4. 4. Pragmatic <ul><li>Pragmatic is concerned with the interpretation of linguistic meaning in context. Two kinds of contexts are relevant : </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic context </li></ul><ul><li>Situational context </li></ul><ul><li>(Fromkin, etl, An Introduction to Language , 2007 ) </li></ul>The discourse that precedes the phrase or sentence to be interpreted. Virtually everything nonlinguistic in the environment of the speaker.
  5. 5. Pragmatic and Discourse Pragmatic Discourse Pragmatic is important when interpreting discourse. Consists of several sentences, including exchanges between speakers. For example, in determining whether a pronoun in one sentence has the same reflect as a noun phrase in another sentence.
  6. 6. Discourse <ul><li>Within a discourse, preceding sentences affect the meaning of sentence that follows them in various ways. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the reference or meaning of pronouns often depends on prior discourse. </li></ul><ul><li>As well, prior discourse often disambiguates words like bank in that the discussion may about rafting on a river or interest rates. </li></ul><ul><li>(Fromkin, etl, An Introduction to Language , 2007 ) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Disambiguates words he he — John himself — another people bank bank — rafting on a river — finical company John believes that he is a genius. He walks along the bank .
  8. 8. Pronouns and Discourse <ul><li>In a discourse, prior linguistic context plays a primary role in pronoun interpretation. In the following discourse: </li></ul><ul><li>The most interpretation of her is “the women “referred to in the first sentence, whoever she happens to be. But it is also possible for her to refer to a different person, perhaps one indicates with a gesture . </li></ul>It seems that the man loves the women. Many people think he loves her.
  9. 9. Discourse Analysis <ul><li>Discourse analysis is the social and linguistic description of norms governing such productions. </li></ul><ul><li>It may include (in critical linguistics) focus upon the social and political determinants of the form discourse takes. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance, the hidden presuppositions that the persons addressed are of a certain class, race, or gender. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Discourse Analysis and Discourse Discourse analysis Discourse The study of cohesion and other relationships between sentences in written or spoken discourse. Any extended use of speech or writing; or a formal exposition or dissertation. In linguistics, discourse is the name given to units of language longer than a single sentence.
  11. 11. Specific Discourse <ul><li>The specific discourse in which a statement is made will govern the kinds of connections that can be made between ideas, and will involve certain assumptions about the kind of person(s) addressed. </li></ul><ul><li>By extension, as a free‐standing noun (‘discourse’ as such), the term denotes language in actual use within its social and ideological context and in institutionalized representations of the world called discursive practices. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusion <ul><li>Discourse is communication that goes back and forth (from the Latin, discursus , &quot;running to and fro&quot;), such as debate or argument. </li></ul><ul><li>The term is used in semantics and discourse analysis . In semantics , discourses are linguistic units composed of several sentences — in other words, conversations , arguments or speeches. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank you for listening!

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