Zev Friedman - 2-27-12

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Zev Friedman - 2-27-12

  1. 1. Diverse Forest Cropping For Job Creation and Ecological Recovery Presented by Zev Friedman, Living Systems Design Feb. 27, 2012
  2. 2. Market Volume For Food <ul><li>* In mountain counties, 2/3-3/4 of land is forested, not cleared. </li></ul><ul><li>According to ASAP: </li></ul><ul><li>* About $2.5 billion spent on food in WNC each year </li></ul><ul><li>* About 2% total food bought ($65 million) is bought under the Appalachian grown brand </li></ul><ul><li>According to Advantage West: </li></ul><ul><li>* WNC agriculture jobs went from 70,000  12,000 from 1970  2012, let’s recover those jobs (1/3 recovery would be full employment). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Productivity of Ecosystem Types (Dave Jacke, 2011) <ul><li>* Annual agricultural land: 2,925 million calories/year </li></ul><ul><li>* Mature temperate forest: 5,850 million calories/year </li></ul><ul><li>* Mid-succession forest : 7,500 million calories/year </li></ul>
  4. 4. Existing Price Comparisons <ul><li>Conventional corn: less than $500-800 profit/acre/year at 160 bushels yield /acre </li></ul><ul><li>Ginseng: $4,456 profit/ acre/year </li></ul><ul><li>Ramps: $875 profit/acre/3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberry syrup: $384/ gallon </li></ul><ul><li>Chestnuts:$5-10/ pound </li></ul><ul><li>Heritage turkey: $5/pound </li></ul><ul><li>Dried mulberry: $7-30/pound </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Reishi: $30-50/pound </li></ul><ul><li>Oyster mushrooms: $12-18/pound </li></ul><ul><li>Amaranth greens: $1.50-3/pound (Latin markets) </li></ul><ul><li>Yerba matte (Yaupon holly?): $6-15/pound </li></ul>
  5. 5. A Woodland Entrepreneur Recognizes Many Yields <ul><li>Foods and medicines from animals, plants and fungi </li></ul><ul><li>Essential building and craft materials </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical generation </li></ul><ul><li>Charcoal and firewood </li></ul><ul><li>Animal fodder and mineral rich mulch for annuals </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat restoration for pest predators </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon sequestration </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Green burial </li></ul>
  6. 6. Forest “Guild” Examples <ul><li>1) Streamside Reforestation Cropping </li></ul><ul><li>2) Dying hemlock forest cropping and habitat restoration </li></ul><ul><li>3) Coppice-with-standards forest </li></ul>
  7. 7. Streamside Reforestation Cropping- Elderberry, Sochan, Mulberry, Alder, Stropharia mushrooms
  8. 8. Dying Hemlock Forest Cropping and Habitat Restoration
  9. 9. Coppice with standards- Chestnut, white oak, butternut, hazelnut, black locust, tulip poplar
  10. 10. Oyster Mushrooms Pleurotus spp.
  11. 11. Coppice
  12. 12. Coppice recently harvested, leaving standards
  13. 13. Where Renewable Energy, Sustainable Forestry and Organic Agriculture Come Together- A Pyrolytic Multiple Yield Electrical Plant
  14. 14. Sources <ul><li>1) Edible Forest Gardens, , both volumes, Dave Jacke and Eric Toensmier </li></ul><ul><li>2) Tending the Wild, by M. Kat Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>3) Agroforestry News, Martin Crawford, UK </li></ul><ul><li>4) The Woodland Way and The Woodland Year by Ben Law </li></ul><ul><li>5) 1491 by Charles C. Mann </li></ul><ul><li>6) Growing and Marketing Ginseng, Goldenseal and other Woodland Medicinals by Jeanine Davis and W. Scott Persons </li></ul><ul><li>7) “Agroforestry Notes”, USDA </li></ul><ul><li>8) J.R. Russel Smith- “Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture” </li></ul><ul><li>9) Bill Mollison- “Introduction to Permaculture” </li></ul><ul><li>10) The Woodland YearThe Woodland Year by Ben Law </li></ul>

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