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Information Technology


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Library Science

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Information Technology

  2. 3. <ul><li>Information Technology ( IT ), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is &quot;the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware.&quot; IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information. </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology (IT) is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>early 1990’s, Public access terminals and new online public access catalogs became ubiquitous in libraries to share information regarding library holdings and for the management of library acquisitions. </li></ul><ul><li>mid-1990’s, CD-ROMs were introduced for the most part as a storage and research tool in libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>late 1990’s, the Internet became the life blood of information sharing not just for libraries, but for commerce, education, government </li></ul><ul><li>It has also demanded that librarians and library support staff bring or develop new technical skills to promote information access. </li></ul><ul><li>Information sources are available in various formats like CD-ROM, DVD and Web versions </li></ul><ul><li>Most of librarians agree computer-based information services are better than manual services because they are accurate, consistent, and can be provided in much less time. They agreed computerization has a positive effect and improves the image of the libraries. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>ACQUISITION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correspondence with booksellers and publishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calling quotations, sending reminders regarding delay in supplying books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordering books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchasing books from online bookstores e.g., </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CLASSIFICATION: </li></ul><ul><li>Classifying documents using DDC Online </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress Online Classification System </li></ul><ul><li>COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>Subscription of periodicals in print as well as in e-form </li></ul><ul><li>Joining Library Consortia Projects </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>CATALOGUING: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cataloging of library resources using available WebOPACs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Browsing the Online Catalogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CIRCULATION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote Login, Checking availability of books, OPAC access, sending reminders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receiving user requests, Direct borrowing, Inter Library Loan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RESOURCE SHARING: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union catalog, Accessing databases over networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIBRARY SERVICES: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ILL, Document Delivery Service, Reference Service, Providing CAS, Recent Additions List </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing SDI, Accessing databases (Bibliographical, Full-Text) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>SUBJECT GATEWAYS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SOSIG (for social sciences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EEVL (for engineering) www. eevl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OMNI (for medical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>USER EDUCATION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through E-mail, setting Intranet </li></ul></ul>RESOURCES AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET: E-journals, E-books, Library Catalog, Bibliographical tools, Newspapers, Dictionaries, Databases, Encyclopedias, Films, Directories, Technical Reports, Maps, Proceedings, Patents etc.
  7. 8. <ul><li>Evaluation helps in decision making. For successful management of any library, evaluation is important. Need of evaluation of Internet resources is required because: </li></ul><ul><li>Information published on Internet may not be authentic. </li></ul><ul><li>The author may not be qualified for writing the article. </li></ul><ul><li>Information may be not current, reliable and filtered. </li></ul><ul><li>Information may not be meant for a specific group of audience. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>New era librarians require two main qualities in them: </li></ul><ul><li>Professional competencies relate to the special librarian’s knowledge in the areas of information resources, information access, technology, management and research and the ability to use these areas of knowledge as a basis for providing library and information services. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal competencies represent a set of skills, attitudes and values that enable librarians to work efficiently, be good communicators, focus on continuing learning throughout their careers, demonstrate the value added nature of their contributions and survive in the new world of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Apart form the survival skills, the new era librarian should focus more on effective skills and characteristics such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm for life-long learning and new roles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>will power - assertiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creative thinking - self-confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>innovativeness </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>TECHNICAL (COGNITIVE AND PROFESSIONAL) SKILLS </li></ul><ul><li>The other technical skills which are likely to be emphasized in future are skills required to sift (a sort of a critical appraisal to filter information) analyze, synthesize, assimilate, interpret and reformulate the information accessed and retrieved. In essence, the skills required for customizing the enormous information accessed and delivered by the new technology (i.e., tailoring and repackaging information to meet specific need) by applying a large number of filters and repeaters are necessary. A sort of meta analysis and value added services where in one has to assimilate the data and produce a report that includes evaluation and opinion are necessary. This process not only involves providing quality information provision with censorship and quality control, but also calls for improving exploitation of new tools and resources. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>IT (TECHNOLOGY) SKILLS </li></ul><ul><li>should have skills required for handling IT products, particularly, keyboard, operating system, software, physical handling of gadgets, telecommunication products, DBMS, data and file management, FTP, wordprocessing, generation of reports, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to apply IT for service management in general and information processing, search and retrieval in particular. This involves collection and organization of data in electronic form, indexing techniques, selection and evaluation of sources, searching techniques, updating techniques, etc. Information retrieval skills include online searching as well as searching CD-ROM databases. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>internet skills and skills required for accessing networked resources as well as marketing of electronic information. A lot more can be said about skills expected for electronic publishing, electronic commerce and electronic marketing. </li></ul><ul><li>skills required for evaluation of search results including modification of query for bettering the results and ranking of hit records and all that comes under post search processing and presentation of data/information. The post search processing is closely related to the personal information system (PIS) </li></ul><ul><li>document management and management of data archives. </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation and archiving of data in electronic medium not only require administrative skills but also knowledge of data fields which a system analyst knows better. </li></ul><ul><li>The other advanced skills which are less likely to be needed unless they become part of IT are programming skills, system administration, hardware maintenance and own trouble shooting, networking, system migration, etc. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>MANAGERIAL SKILLS </li></ul><ul><li>Are skill to work in team environment and on collaborative basis (eg. library networks and resource sharing). A sort of leadership as well as fellowship skills is required to work in teams. Apart from the often said problem solving, risk taking and working on project mode an important aspect of the skill regarding new electronic world is skills for managing change. This calls for flexibility and adaptability to changed environment, coping with change is almost an universal problem. </li></ul><ul><li>marketing of services (and not just goods ) and particularly marketing themselves and their skills. Skills relating to systems analysis, self development, creativity analysis and negotiation are also necessary. Yet another set of important skills relating to meta-competence is communication skills, i.e., skill to communicate orally and in written form. </li></ul><ul><li>another set of important skills relating to meta-competence is communication skills, i.e., skill to communicate orally and in written form </li></ul>
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