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Doctor faustus allegory - medieval morality plays - tragedy


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Doctor faustus allegory - medieval morality plays - tragedy

  2. 2. Classical Tragedy 5thc BCE**Before Common EraTragedy (Ancient Greek: tragōidia, “he-goat-song”)Sacrifice to the gods implied in the word.From Aristotle’s Poetics and Sophocles’ Oedipus RexChorus (15 men)Tragic hero (hamartia, hubris)Loses material things but has epiphany/anagnorisis“How the high are brought low.” (Seneca)
  3. 3. Miracle & Mystery Plays (10th–14thc) Miracle plays: lives of saints Mystery plays: stories from Old and New Testaments Performed in church as part of holy days Moved outside onto wagons; guilds performed
  4. 4. Morality Plays (15thc) 1 plot About common people; characters often allegories Dramatized allegories representing a Christian’s life and his quest for salvation Show audience that fortune is unpredictable
  5. 5. Medieval Staging Plays performed in church then moved to courtyard Mobile, no stage Used wagons, move episodes from one location to another Guilds put them on Symbolic props
  6. 6. Aspects of Morality Plays in Do c to rFa us tus Good and Bad Angel 7 Deadly Sins Presence of Lucifer and his cohorts Vision of Hell Chorus (1 person) to open the play Allegory
  7. 7. Allegory Form of extended metaphor Characters in a narrative have symbolic meaning as well as literal meaning Personification of abstract qualities Example: Everyman is the name of a character in a medieval narrative who goes through the conflicts of the plot, but he also is a symbol for all Christians who struggle through life to find salvation.
  8. 8. Why authors use allegory To teach moral lessons To explain universal truths In Doctor Faustus the Good Angel and the Bad Angel are allegorical characters. What function do they serve? Are they symbols? Of what?
  9. 9. Syllogisms and false syllogisms Why give up on religion just as he gets his doctorate in theology? “. . .we must sin, and so consequently die. / Ay, we must die an everlasting death” (I.i.4043). Syllogism: 2 statements which, if true, make a 3 rd statement true. Example: Socrates is a man; all men are mortal; therefore, Socrates is mortal.