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Alberta H20<br />1<br />Gordon M. GroatPhD (abd) MSc (hon) MA, BGS (IPE)AASc (λβ)<br />
Leading Environmental Issues<br />Amount of Water Used<br />Groundwater Quality<br />River Water Quality<br />Tailings<br ...
3<br />Source-to-tap multi-barrier approach<br /><ul><li>2 million </li></ul>Large Municipal Systems<br /><ul><li>400,000 ...
4<br />Alberta Groundwater Observation Well Network<br />(GOWN)<br />Shallow <30 Metres<br />Deep > 100m<br />Intermediate...
5<br />Water Use Growth Projections2005 – 2025<br />As of December 2005<br />9,254,931 cubic decametres surface water<br /...
6<br />Water Shortages<br />
Continental Drainage<br />7<br />
Athabasca River – to the Arctic<br />8<br />World’s 3rd largest watershed and contains approximately 1/6th of Canada’s fre...
9<br />An apportionment agreement with Saskatchewan guarantees that 50% of the water in each of the shared, major river ba...
10<br />“First-in-Time, First-in-Right” <br />principle for both surface and ground water. The older the licence, the high...
11<br />Irrigation<br />505,000 hectares of land (4% of the total land that can be cultivated in Alberta) are serviced by ...
12<br />
Water Allocations <br />13<br />
14<br />
15<br />Total Water Allocations <br />
16<br />Milk RiverMainly Agriculture<br />
17<br />South SaskatchewanMainly Agriculture<br />
18<br />Athabasca – Industrial (O&G)<br />
Athabasa River ConservationFlow Conditions Plan<br />19<br />
more than 80 per cent of the water used in the oil sands is recycled (conservative estimate)<br />1 barrel of fresh water ...
Cyclic Steam Stimulation<br />Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage<br />Solvent Injection<br />Firefloods<br />Toe to Heel Air ...
SAGD – in situ production90-95% H2O recycling @ .2 units per unit of Bitumen<br />22<br />
VAPEX – Vapor Extraction Processusing hydrocarbon solvents<br />23<br />
THAI – Toe to Heel Air Injection<br />24<br />
Uses coke or bitumen plus oxygen as a heating fuel.<br />Recycles hot solvent<br />Sequesters gases (CO2, SO2)<br />Consum...
26<br />Water for Life<br />
27<br />
28<br />Groundwater Well Data<br />
29<br />
30<br />
31<br />Thank You Desk & Derrick!<br />
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Desk and Derrick 50th Anniversary Keynote Speech on Alberta Water

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Water Keynote Speech for the Desk and Derrick Region VII 50th Anniversary and Industry Appreciation Night.

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Desk and Derrick 50th Anniversary Keynote Speech on Alberta Water

  1. 1. Alberta H20<br />1<br />Gordon M. GroatPhD (abd) MSc (hon) MA, BGS (IPE)AASc (λβ)<br />
  2. 2. Leading Environmental Issues<br />Amount of Water Used<br />Groundwater Quality<br />River Water Quality<br />Tailings<br />Leading Health Concerns<br />Water quality in the Athabasca<br />Ground water quality<br />Elevated rates of cancer among first nations<br />Water Use and Water Safety<br />2<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Source-to-tap multi-barrier approach<br /><ul><li>2 million </li></ul>Large Municipal Systems<br /><ul><li>400,000 </li></ul>Smaller Treatment Plants<br /><ul><li>600,000 </li></ul>private systems such as wells, water co-ops or by hauling<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Alberta Groundwater Observation Well Network<br />(GOWN)<br />Shallow <30 Metres<br />Deep > 100m<br />Intermediate 30-100m<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Water Use Growth Projections2005 – 2025<br />As of December 2005<br />9,254,931 cubic decametres surface water<br />308,287 cubic decametres groundwater <br />Aprox. 2X natural flow of the Red Deer River each year<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Water Shortages<br />
  7. 7. Continental Drainage<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Athabasca River – to the Arctic<br />8<br />World’s 3rd largest watershed and contains approximately 1/6th of Canada’s fresh water.<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />An apportionment agreement with Saskatchewan guarantees that 50% of the water in each of the shared, major river basins, must be allowed to flow into Saskatchewan. <br />
  10. 10. 10<br />“First-in-Time, First-in-Right” <br />principle for both surface and ground water. The older the licence, the higher that user is on the priority list.<br />The first licenses issued to access the full amount of water issued before newer licensees have access, regardless of use<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Irrigation<br />505,000 hectares of land (4% of the total land that can be cultivated in Alberta) are serviced by 13 irrigation districts. <br />These irrigation networks are used by agriculture and they also supply nearly 50 communities with water for domestic use.Irrigated agricultural production accounts for about 18 to 20 per cent of Alberta's total agricultural production.<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />
  13. 13. Water Allocations <br />13<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Total Water Allocations <br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Milk RiverMainly Agriculture<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />South SaskatchewanMainly Agriculture<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />Athabasca – Industrial (O&G)<br />
  19. 19. Athabasa River ConservationFlow Conditions Plan<br />19<br />
  20. 20. more than 80 per cent of the water used in the oil sands is recycled (conservative estimate)<br />1 barrel of fresh water from the Athabasca River for oil sands mining is reused and recycled >18 times<br />Water Recycling<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Cyclic Steam Stimulation<br />Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage<br />Solvent Injection<br />Firefloods<br />Toe to Heel Air Injection<br />In situ production<br />21<br />
  22. 22. SAGD – in situ production90-95% H2O recycling @ .2 units per unit of Bitumen<br />22<br />
  23. 23. VAPEX – Vapor Extraction Processusing hydrocarbon solvents<br />23<br />
  24. 24. THAI – Toe to Heel Air Injection<br />24<br />
  25. 25. Uses coke or bitumen plus oxygen as a heating fuel.<br />Recycles hot solvent<br />Sequesters gases (CO2, SO2)<br />Consumes less H2O and fuel than SAGD<br />Thermal solvent method<br />25<br />
  26. 26. 26<br />Water for Life<br />
  27. 27. 27<br />
  28. 28. 28<br />Groundwater Well Data<br />
  29. 29. 29<br />
  30. 30. 30<br />
  31. 31. 31<br />Thank You Desk & Derrick!<br />

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