Green Living & Biodiesel<br />A Brief Introduction To Biodiesel<br />	Presented to Cedar Ridge Middle School Technology St...
What Kinds of Fuels Do We Use In Our Vehicles Today?<br />2 Main Types:<br />Gasoline<br />Cars, Small Trucks, Some Lawn E...
Problems With These Fuels…<br />Gasoline and diesel fuel are made from petroleum (oil) which is a finiteresource <br />Eve...
Rethinking Energy Sources…<br />Use Less Energy<br />Use Alternative Forms of Energy<br />Biodiesel <br />Ethanol<br />Hyd...
One of the Best Solutions Comes from Plants – Biodiesel!<br />
Biodiesel Raw Materials<br />Oil or FatAlcohol<br />	Soybean		  Methanol<br />	Corn			  Ethanol<br />	Canola<br />	Cottons...
Biodiesel Reaction<br />In the presence of a catalyst<br />Combining<br />Yields<br />Vegetable Oil or<br />Animal Fat <br...
Uses for Biodiesel<br />Biodiesel can be used in any diesel engine with little or no modifications. <br />
Benefits of Biodiesel<br />78% Life Cycle Decrease In CO2 <br />Energy Balance 4.6 to 1<br />Diesel Engines are 30% More E...
Benefits of Biodiesel<br />Creates Jobs<br />Increases Domestic Fuel Production Capacity<br />Reduces Energy Imports andDe...
Biodiesel Production Locations<br />Represent ~ 80% of biodiesel production volume in U.S. <br />
Other Benefits of Biodiesel<br />Easy to Use <br />Better for human health<br />Less “smelly” than diesel fuel – biodiesel...
Biodiesel Activities at USU<br />FreeWays to Fuel<br />Roadside production of oilseed crops<br />Urban Farming and Fuel<br...
Thank You!Any Questions?<br />Dallas Hanks<br />Email:	dallas.hanks@aggiemail.usu.edu<br />
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Brief Intro To Biodiesel

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Brief Intro To Biodiesel

  1. 1. Green Living & Biodiesel<br />A Brief Introduction To Biodiesel<br /> Presented to Cedar Ridge Middle School Technology Students<br /> By Dallas Hanks, <br />USU FreeWays to Fuel<br />Oct 15, 2009<br />
  2. 2. What Kinds of Fuels Do We Use In Our Vehicles Today?<br />2 Main Types:<br />Gasoline<br />Cars, Small Trucks, Some Lawn Equipment & Tractors, Small Boats<br />Diesel Fuel <br />Cars, Medium & Large Trucks, School Buses, Large Boats & Ships, Tractors & Farm Equipment<br />
  3. 3. Problems With These Fuels…<br />Gasoline and diesel fuel are made from petroleum (oil) which is a finiteresource <br />Eventually we will run out of oil reserves and it takes thousands of years to create more<br />We have to import these fuels from unstable parts of the world<br />Makes fuel prices go up when supply is threatened<br />Gas and diesel exhaust cause pollution and Greenhouse Gases that may contribute to Global Warming<br />
  4. 4. Rethinking Energy Sources…<br />Use Less Energy<br />Use Alternative Forms of Energy<br />Biodiesel <br />Ethanol<br />Hydrogen / Fuel Cell<br />Hybrid Electric<br />Solar Power<br />Wind Power<br />
  5. 5. One of the Best Solutions Comes from Plants – Biodiesel!<br />
  6. 6. Biodiesel Raw Materials<br />Oil or FatAlcohol<br /> Soybean Methanol<br /> Corn Ethanol<br /> Canola<br /> Cottonseed Catalyst<br />Sunflower<br />Safflower Sodium hydroxide<br /> Beef tallow Potassium hydroxide<br />Used cooking oils <br />
  7. 7. Biodiesel Reaction<br />In the presence of a catalyst<br />Combining<br />Yields<br />Vegetable Oil or<br />Animal Fat <br />(100 lbs.)<br />+<br />Methanol or<br />Ethanol<br />(10 lbs.) <br />Biodiesel<br />(100 lbs.)<br />+<br />Glycerine<br />(10 lbs.)<br />
  8. 8. Uses for Biodiesel<br />Biodiesel can be used in any diesel engine with little or no modifications. <br />
  9. 9. Benefits of Biodiesel<br />78% Life Cycle Decrease In CO2 <br />Energy Balance 4.6 to 1<br />Diesel Engines are 30% More Efficient Than Gasoline Engines – <br />You can drive 30% farther on a gallon of diesel than you can on a gallon of gas<br />
  10. 10. Benefits of Biodiesel<br />Creates Jobs<br />Increases Domestic Fuel Production Capacity<br />Reduces Energy Imports andDependence on Foreign Oil Sources<br />Distributes our Energy Supply Across the Whole United States<br />
  11. 11. Biodiesel Production Locations<br />Represent ~ 80% of biodiesel production volume in U.S. <br />
  12. 12. Other Benefits of Biodiesel<br />Easy to Use <br />Better for human health<br />Less “smelly” than diesel fuel – biodiesel smells like french fries! <br />Helps our American Farmers<br />Sustainable & renewable resource<br />
  13. 13. Biodiesel Activities at USU<br />FreeWays to Fuel<br />Roadside production of oilseed crops<br />Urban Farming and Fuel<br />Municipal lands<br />Algae Research<br />
  14. 14. Thank You!Any Questions?<br />Dallas Hanks<br />Email: dallas.hanks@aggiemail.usu.edu<br />

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