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Unique ID Program of India

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  1. 1. DAWN OF THE CARD<br />Scope of Unique ID in Indian urban-scape<br />By<br />Kartik Trivedi<br />
  2. 2. Gotham City<br />What factors define a perfect urban scape<br />Economic activity v/s Ease of living<br />Is immigration good for a city<br />More people – less resources or more people – more money<br />Why do people keep on immigrating, despite of reduction in benefits<br />Job? Food? Health? Education? <br />Who is the best Batman of all time?<br />
  3. 3. Salaam Bombay<br />Human capital movement – Migration form of capital flow, where the young (fresh product) moves, wealth maximization, larger horizon for that. <br />Risks involved in migration <br />Rural-rural, rural-urban, urban-urban and urban-rural<br />In various behavioral economics model, marriages do play an important part in urbanization – Indians are famous for their inter-cast/sect marriages.<br />
  4. 4. Scope within Shantynomy<br />Dharavi – Asia’s largest slum have 5000 businesses and 15,000 single room factories<br />US $ 600 required per person to provide alternative to future low-income slum dwellers (source: 2005 WB Human Settlements Programme)<br />UN Model – 30% Credit : 10% Self : 60% Government<br />UN says – Invest in urban poor through sustainable measures<br />Todaro says – Hey! Think before investing in urban poor<br />Jobs? Food? Health? Education?<br />
  5. 5. More on Shantynomy<br />North-South trade (within urban-scape)<br />Open market - Free movement of all the factors of production<br />Consumes goods from North as well as from South<br />Produces low quality good <br />Labor intensive vs Knowledge intensive<br />
  6. 6. UIDAI/AADHAAR<br />A 12 digit identification number<br />Identification for every citizen, including infants<br />Database included demographic and biometric information<br />Independent of current documentation methods<br />Intends to replace ration card, passport, driver’s license for identification purpose<br />Voluntary<br />Provides “Yes” or “No” response for any identification authentication queries<br />Source: UIDAI website<br />
  7. 7. Is it a bird…is it a plane… is it Superman?<br />Work across the country<br />All Government agencies will know who you are<br />Private agencies wont repeatedly ask for your identity<br />Avoid duplication<br />No profiling<br />
  8. 8. Superpowers please…<br />Provides authenticity to avail finances<br />UID and Public Distribution system<br />57% of intended supply never reaches the beneficiaries <br />UID and Education<br />As per Indian Constitution every child age 6-14 have right to free and compulsory education<br />UID and Public Health<br />45% of children end up not having basic vaccination<br />UID and MGNREGA<br />8%+ of total budget fund goes to NREGS<br />
  9. 9. Nothing’s Hill<br />Is biometrics the solution<br />What if corruption is at beneficiaries level<br />Can technology avoid all kinds of subversion of system<br />Privacy<br />Duplication<br />
  10. 10. econo Matrix<br />Production efficiency<br />Aid based or trade based<br />Tracking the economics<br />Loans<br />Entrepreneurship and Knowledge Spillover<br />
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  12. 12. And the Oscar goes to?<br />Special thanks to Stanley Kubrick and Arthur C. Clarke<br />