Cuban Revolution

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Cuban Revolution

  1. 1. Cuban Revolution<br />Jose M. Cantera<br />History 151<br />Professor Arguello<br />3/22/2010<br />
  2. 2. Fidel Castro was born to a wealthy sugar cane plantation family. <br />Although he is born out of wedlock, he eventually gains political connections through his family.<br />He is able to obtain a degree in law. He would sometimes represent poor Cubans in court for no cost.<br />While studying in the University of Havana he begins his political career and becomes involved in politics.<br />Castro soon began to criticize Fulgenicio Batista and his presidency obtained through a corrupt military coup.<br />Castro also criticized the increasing United States corporate and political influence in Cuba.<br />Fidel Castro<br />
  3. 3. In 1947 Castro joined the PartidoOrtodoxo as a response to political corruption. The party called for social justice, honest government, and political freedom.<br />Castro decided to act against Batista when he cancelled elections after a military coup.<br />Castro had been a candidate for a seat in parliament, he saw this as the ultimate government corruption. <br />Castro then abandoned practicing law and secretly began to assemble a small organization that planned to overthrow Batista.<br />After acquiring weapons and supporters they decided to attack the Moncada Barracks on July 26 1953.<br />While the attack was aimed to spark a nation wide revolution, it proved to be a failure. 60 of the 130 militants were killed.<br />Castro and other survivors fled to the Sierra Maestra where they hid until their capture.<br />Castro and his surviving followers were given 15 years in prison.<br />M-26-7<br />
  4. 4. Exile to Mexico<br />While in prison, Castro continued to plot Batista’s overthrow. Upon release Castro planned to go to Mexico in order to train and reorganize supporters.<br />Castro was released in less than two years later after Batista granted an amnesty. Batista had done this after increasing pressure from the population.<br />Once in Mexico Castro met other Cuban exiles and founded the 26th of July Movement, named after the failed attack on the Moncada Barracks.<br />During this time he met an Argentinean physician who insisted on revolution after traveling South America and witnessing the poverty and unequal distribution of wealth. <br />After failing to receive weapons and supplies from a KGB agent, Castro went to the United States to attain funding.<br /> Back in Mexico they began to train in military and guerilla tactics.<br />They eventually sailed towards Cuba from Veracruz in a ship named Granma.<br />
  5. 5. The rebels land on Playas Las Coloradas on December 2, 1956.<br />Many of Castro’s followers were soon being captured or killed by the Batista forces.<br />About 20 of the 82 men survived the landing and attack. The survivors then fled to the Sierra Maestra where they regrouped and where given aid by the local peasants.<br />After gaining more support they began to execute guerilla attacks on major cities and towns against the Batista government.<br />In 1957 Ernesto Guevara was appointed second in command in charge of the rebels.<br />Resistance from Batista included Operation Verano. This was an attempt to wipe out Castro’s forces but failed because the military was poorly trained and there were deserters. <br />Castro then surrounded and took over more cities.<br />Landing On Cuba<br />
  6. 6. By December 1958 militants led by Ernesto Guevara and Camillo Cienfuegos continued their advance and occupied several towns.<br />They planned and eventually attacked the city of Santa Clara. They assulted the Cuban military and took over a supply train sent by Batista.<br />The city was captured in less than a day on December 31, 1958.<br />After losing the Battle of Santa Clara, Batista fled to the Dominican Republic with 300 million dollars.<br />Castro refused to accept the provisional presidency of Cuba and moved towards gaining control of the entire island.<br />At the age of 32 Castro had successfully managed a guerilla army and overthrow of a corrupt dictator.<br />Santa Clara<br />
  7. 7. On January 8, 1959 Castro’s army rolled victoriously into Havana.<br />Catro assumed himself as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.<br />On February 16, 1959 Castro was sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba.<br />The new government began to confiscate property and adjusting property values for tax purposes.<br />On May 17, 1959 Castro signed the First Agrarian Reform. This limited the amount of land an individual could own as well as granted land to the peasants who worked it.<br />Castro soon began to openly influence socialist ideals across the island. On May 1, 1961 Castro declared Cuba a socialist state and began relations with the Soviet Union.<br /> On December 2, 1961 Castro declared that he was a Marxist-Lenenist and that the people of Cuba should embrace communism.<br />Castro’s rise to Power and Socialist ideals<br />
  8. 8. "Fidel Castro -." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fidel_Castro>.<br />Fidel Castro: A Life of Revolution. Prod. Michelle Gagnon. Hulu, 2009. http://www.hulu.com/watch/96946/fidel-castro-a-life-of-revolution<br />Sources<br />

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