California 789


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California 789

  1. 1. Jose M Cantera History 141 Arguello 4/29/2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>In the first forty years as a state California was met with several tasks. First it organized its social and economic structures and begin a foundation for a future environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The second forty years, beginning in the 1890’s, as a state California laid down its infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>These included public buildings, dams, aqueducts, power plants, dams, and even stadiums. </li></ul><ul><li>California began its origins with water as the lower two thirds of the state was desert. </li></ul><ul><li>Legislature passed the Drainage Act in 1878 appointing an engineer to use $100,000 to make studies of California foe future water plans. </li></ul><ul><li>William Hammond Hall came up with a program that would develop California through water projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Water was then drawn from the Colorado River using a gravity canal to Southern California. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The water from the Colorado river was drained into the Salton Sink which was later called the Imperial Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>The Imperial Land Company was selling more water than land. </li></ul><ul><li>Holt ,the administrative manager of the company, compared California to Egypt an d the aqueducts as the Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>The Aqueducts would help California develop into an irrigated land. There would soon be orchards, orange groves, lawns, flowers, and people living happily. </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation of Southern California was not done naturally but artificially through man power. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1904 the Colorado River across northern Mexico was cut into the Imperial Valley. The river overflowed and was about to flood southern California. The flood was prevented by engineers. </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation technology started during the Gold Rush when water was first moved across land. </li></ul><ul><li>William Mulholland led the water projects in Los Angeles while Michael O’Shaughnessy led them in San Francisco. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>It took over six years to built the aqueduct in Los Angeles. </li></ul><ul><li>235 miles of construction needed to be done. </li></ul><ul><li>On Wednesday, November 5, 1913 the water finally came to the residents. </li></ul><ul><li>Both water and electricity was obtained from the water systems. They served as many as four million people. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though the water projects served humanity, they managed to destroy the environment. Lakes were emptied out and valleys were filled up to create reservoirs. </li></ul><ul><li>A Mediterranean Revival style was present in developing neighbors of San Francisco. Berkeley was turned into a city of redwood bungalows. </li></ul><ul><li>The university culture of the bay area was being enhanced by the construction of the University of Palo Alto and the University of California at Berkeley. </li></ul><ul><li>The desire for neoclassical order in the Bay Area was strong enough that architect Daniel Hudson was invited. </li></ul><ul><li>He called for the transformation of the city. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Great Depression arrived late to California. The only reason it did not affect the state as much was because of financial diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>Economy came from several sources. Agriculture, industry, entertainment, tourism, and services.. </li></ul><ul><li>This made it hard to be affected from a single source such as industry. </li></ul><ul><li>The depression made it into California in the early 1930’s. </li></ul><ul><li>This was caused by the instability of the work force in agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>There was also a labor resistant oligarchy in southern California. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gold Rush influenced several people to pursue personal labor and benefit directly from working their hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical labor for hire was scarce in the area. Instead people preferred to work in the mines. </li></ul><ul><li>Unions were also starting to be developed. </li></ul><ul><li>This led to conflicts regarding labor laws. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese immigrants took over jobs that local people did not want such as building railroads. </li></ul><ul><li>Grain fields were later created once the rail carts were put in to transport the products. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The problem with the fields of crops was that they required seasonal labor yearlong. </li></ul><ul><li>There had to be several workers during harvest time and some permanent workers. </li></ul><ul><li>This resulted in a pattern of migration in California for labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants would come and work for a cop one season and when done move to another. </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant workers were mostly males that came and left often. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon workers wanted to better their conditions through unions. </li></ul><ul><li>Their soon began to be violence and deaths as uprisings began to occur. Police officers and people were both killed. </li></ul><ul><li>Even beer brewers demanded working rights. </li></ul><ul><li>The outcome and size of the General Strike of 1901 led to the creation of the Union Labor Party in San Francisco. </li></ul><ul><li>San Diego was confronted with the Industrial Workers of the World in 1905. </li></ul><ul><li>They managed to gain reputation for themselves by using violence to have their demands met. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Union members were later known as Wobbliest. </li></ul><ul><li>During 1910 to 1911 their Wobbliest entered Fresno with demonstrations and the jails were filled to capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1912 the Wobbliest got to San Diego for the dock strike. </li></ul><ul><li>They were pulled off the trains by police officers and put into jail. </li></ul><ul><li>An activist Emma Goldman came with her lover Ben Reitmen who were both arrested and tortured. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1913, 2,800 immigrants had arrived to southwestern united States after harvest work was advertised. </li></ul><ul><li>Living conditions were harsh and pay was $1:50 a day. </li></ul><ul><li>With the help of IWW activist a strike was formed. </li></ul><ul><li>A riot broke out during the protest and guns were shot leaving some dead. </li></ul><ul><li>Two IWWW members were later caught after running away and tried, convicted, and sentenced to life in prison. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>California was seized by the military in 1846 and was controlled until 1850. </li></ul><ul><li>After that and for the rest of the nineteenth century California remained closely tied to the military. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1891 a cavalry patrolled Yosemite Park. </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish-American war of 1898 made the United States an Asian-Pacific military power. </li></ul><ul><li>The Navy started to patrol both seas to make itself seem like a power on both oceans. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1914 the Navy had a large presence in San Diego and established a Pacific fleet during the first world war. </li></ul><ul><li>The military secured ship repair facilities in San Francisco and Los Angeles. </li></ul><ul><li>The second world war began and most Americans did not want to enter it. </li></ul><ul><li>The Attack on Pearl Harbor led FDR to enter the war. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The pearl Harbor incident made California panic. </li></ul><ul><li>When a Japanese submarine surfaced and attacked California shores the entire state went into panic. </li></ul><ul><li>After suspected Japanese aircraft was seen in the Los Angeles area several people were arrested by the FBI. </li></ul><ul><li>This started to magnify the racism against Japanese that was created during the immigration of the 1900’s. </li></ul><ul><li>A white California movement was created to segregate schools against Japanese. </li></ul><ul><li>Theodore Roosevelt quickly act to redeem the law. </li></ul><ul><li>The White movement continued and Japanese were not allowed to own land in California. </li></ul><ul><li>Racism was based on envy. As Japanese worked hard and did well for themselves. They had babies that were full American citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>The event on Pearl Harbor led FDR to relocate Japanese into concentration camps. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The entire west coast was declared as a theater of war and all the Japanese were evacuated. </li></ul><ul><li>On March 18 FDR issued the relocation of all people of Japanese decent to be sent to concentration camps were they would be interrogated. </li></ul><ul><li>During 1943 the San Francisco area was becoming an important military command center. </li></ul><ul><li>Several war efforts were being made in California. </li></ul><ul><li>Many wart vehicles, Jeeps, Trucks, and tanks were being manufactured in California. </li></ul><ul><li>Many soldiers were shipped out from California to fight in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bay Area in San Francisco became an army society. </li></ul><ul><li>In southern California the Navy maintained its presence in Long Beach. </li></ul><ul><li>The Marines had a depot in San Diego. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>California by David Starr </li></ul>