The Purpose of Creation

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The Purpose of Creation

  1. 1. 6Jirfd-a+6tf JdB ,-i.!r d)! - aj*.i jii The Purpose The Purpose Greation of Creation By By Dr.Abu Ameenah Philips Bilal Dr.Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
  2. 2. ,Jil{ltif -fllllgr lliJf The furpose lfrtu@ [fJrmr:r[fJ®~ olereation ofrGreafifflDrf
  3. 3. flil*l- d'lill fr d{liJt Thffi (f[ Til W,W D~&~ ffifi ffitr&etfrwt 1' lr ea li aD ;':")>;,' ' ·:)t<,.':;,J/,: ::::::" }~~ ': ;_,' ' ,-:::', '-';":,:. ",.. ;.:"':'y "~M":':'_, '::/C:-: "J@/ )f' By By Dr.AbuAmeenah philips Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips Bilal llirir.Crefl AIirl ..;JiJ l &i ..I+I~I ~.. d!8';, +litt C:t*llrJl l5+i irsif , A Y :y- .''''~ . . a.-1 f" Ytt y fr t :~il i-- • .'l t,. ty ., g V : . ]: ~ l AY * r . v - ' f Y Y y _,.f r t T o l ' ., V
  4. 4. @Copyright1995Dar Al Fatah © Copyright 1995 Dar Al Fatah Revised edition1997 Revised edition 1997 AII rightsreserved. portionof this book may be reproduced. No All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced. stored in a storedin a retrieval syst€n or transmified in any form by any means electronic. retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means electronic. mechanical. photocopyingrecordingor othenvise mechanical. photocopying, recording or othetWise without prior permission withoutprior permission of the copyrightowner. of the copyright owner. Dar Al Fatah Dar Al Fatah Printing, Publishing & Distribution Co. Llc. Printing, Publishing & Distribution Co. Lie. P.O.Box23424,Sharj P.O.Box 23424, Sharjap afr Tel: (9716)322305 Fax: 3225?6 Tel: (9716) 322308 // Fax: 322526 Approvedby: Ministry of Information, Approved by: Ministry of Information, UAE UAE Reference 1600,datedg.6.97 No. Reference No. 1600, dated 8.6.97 This edition was reproduced by edition reproduced bv Zalfi Foreigners' Guidance Zulli Foreigners' Guidance Office P.O. Box 182,Zulfr llg32 Saudi P.O. Box 182, Zulfi 11932 - Saudi Arabia (00966) 06-4ZZSGST Tel: (00966) 06-4225657 - Fax: (00966) 06-4224234 (00966) 06-42242}4 @cooperative Office for Call & Cuidance at Zulfi .,Zfflz @C*p"rative Office Guidance Zulli .,2002 King Fahd National LIBRARY cATAtocrNc- rN - puBUcATtoN DATA King FahdNational LIBRARY CATALOGING-IN - PUBLICATION DATA PHILIPS,8I[A[ PHILIPS, B'LAL Thc purpose of creation.-Riyadh. The purpose of creation.-Riyadh. ..-p.;..cm. •.·p·i.·em. tsEN 9960 - 864 -11 -- 1 ISBN 9960 - 864 -11 1 lI-- sIslam 2 - W o r s h i p l l a m 2-Worship tI- - iTitle T ile 210 dc 210 de ZBoSlZj 2805/23 LegalDeposit no. 2805/23 Legal Depositno. 2805/23 lsBN9960-- 864-11 -- |1 ISBN 9960 864 -11
  5. 5. fn, P"rprtt C*ttu!. ITL The Purpose ofCreation = __ l-tl "f Introduction Introduction purpose creation is a topic that puzzlesevery ffihe he purpose of creation is a topic that puzzles every T r I human being at some point in his or her lifetime. human being at some point in his or her lifetime. Everybody at sometime or anotherasksthemselves Everybody at some time or another asks themselves the question the question "Why do I exist?'~ or "For what purpose am I do exist?"or what purpose am here on earth?" here on earth?" The variefy and complexity the intricatesystems The variety and complexity of the intricate systems which constitutethe fabric both humanbeingsand the which constitute the fabric of both human beings and the world in which they exist indicate that there must have been a in which they exist indicatethat theremusthavebeena Supreme Beingwhocreated them.Designindicates designer. Supreme Being who created them. Design indicates a designer. a When human beings come across footprints on a beach, they When humanbeingscomeacrossfootprintson a beach,they immediatelyconcludethat a humanbeinghad walked by there immediately conclude that a human being had walked by there some time previously. No one imagines that the waves some time previously. one imaginesthat the waves the sea settled the sandand chanceproduced a from the -sea settled in the sand and by chance produceda depressionlooking exactly like humanfootprints. depression looking exactly like human footprints. Nor do do humans instinctively concludethat they were broughtinto humans instinctively conclude that they were brought into existencewithout a purpose. Since purposeful existence without action is purpose. Sincepurposeful action is a natural productof humanintelligence. natural product of human intelligence, lrumans humans concludethat conclude that the Supreme the Supreme IntelligentBeing who created Intelligent Being who created them must have them must have donesofor a specificpurpose. done so specific purpose. Therefore, Therefore, humanbeingsneed human beings need to know the purposefor their existencein orderto make sense the purpose existence order make sense of this life and to do what is ultimatelybeneficialfor them. of and what ultimately beneficial them. Throughoutthe ages,however, therehasbeena minority Throughout the ages, however,there has been amonghumans among humans who havedeniedtheexistence God.Matter, have denied the existence of ofGod. Matter, in their opinion, is eternaland mankindis merelya chance opinion, eternal and mankind merely chance product of accidentalcombinationsof its elements.Conse- product of accidental combinations of elements. Conse-
  6. 6. t-L The Purpose ofCreation The of Creatior,t _ quently, to them, the question "Why did God create man?" quently, to them, the question God createman?" had and still hasno answer. According them,theresimply had and still has no answer. According to them, there simply is no purpose is no purpo:;e to existence. However, the vast majority of existence.However,the vast of humankind over the ages have believed and continue to humankind over the ages have believed and continue believe in the existence of a Supreme Being who created this believe in the existence a Supreme Being who created this world a purpose. them was, and still is, impoftant world with a purpose. For them it was, and still is, important For to know about the Creator and the purpose for which He to know about the Creator and the purpose which He humanbeings. created human beings. created The Answer The Answer answerthe question To answer the question "Why did God create man?" it did God createman?" must first bedetermined from which perspective question must first be detennined from which perspective the question the is beingasked. Fromthe point view Cod would mean, is being asked. From the point of view of God it would mean, caused God createhumanbeings?" from the "What caused God to create human beings?" while from the human point view would mean human point of view it would mean "For what purposedid what purpose God createhumans?" Both pointsof represent God create humans?" Both points of view represent aspectsaspects the intriguingquestion exist?" the of the intriguing question "Why do I exist?" In the following pages, both aspects the questionwill be explored based pages, both aspects of the question will be explored based of on the clearpicturepaintedby divine revelation. This is not on the clear picture painted by divine revelation. is not a topic humanspeculation. because humanguesswork a topic for human speculation, because human guesswork cannot possiblyproducethe whole truth this matter. cannot possibly produce the whole truth in this matter. How can human beingsintellectuallydeducethe reality of their can human beings intelJectualJy deduce the reality of their existencewhen they can hardly understand how their own existence when they can hardly understand brain or its higher entity, the mind, functions? brain its higherentity,the mind, functions? Consequently, Consequently, the manyphilosophers the many philosophers who havespeculated this question who have speculated on this question on down through the ages havecome up with innumerable down through the ages have come innumerable answers, all of which are basedon assumptions answers, of which are based on assumptions which cannot which cannot
  7. 7. The Purpose ofCreation be proven.Questions this topic haveevenled a numberof be proven. Questions on this topic have even led number of philosophersto claim that we do not really exist and that the philosophers claim that not really exist and that the whole V(0rld is imaginary. For example, the Greekphilosopher whole uqorldis imaginary. example,the For Greek philosopher Plato (428-348 Be) argued that the everyday world of Plato (428-348 BC) argued tlrat the everyday of changeable things,which man comesto know by the useof changeable things, which man comes know the use of his senses, not the primary reality,but is a shadowworld his senses, is not the primary reality, but is shadow is of appearances. I Many others, as waspreviously of appearances.' Many others, was previously mentioned, as mentioned, claimed and continue to claim that thereis no purpose the claimedandcontinue claim that there is no purpose for the creation ofhumans at all. According thetrr, of at to Human existence creation humans all. According to them, Humanexistence is merelya product chatrce. Therecan be no purpose life is merely a product of chance. There can be no purpose if lifeif matterwhich only became evolved from inanimate matter which only became animate evolved from inanimate animate supposed 'cousins,'themonkey by pure luck. Humankind's supposed 'cousins,' the monkey by pure luck. Humankind's andapes not bothered with questions existence. so and apes are not bothered with questions of existence, so why are shouldhumanbeings botheredbe with them? should human beings be bothered with them? Although mostpeopleput the qrrestiori why we are Although most people put the question" of why we are asideafteroccasional brief reflection. i.sextremely created aside after occasional brief reflection, it is extremely created beings knowthe answer. to Withoutknow- critical for human beings to know the answer. Without know- criticalfor human ledge the correct answer. hutnanbeings become ledge of the correct answer. human beings become indis- indis- from the otheranimals aroundthern. Theanirnal tinguishable from the other animals around them. The animal tinguishable anddesires eating, drinkingand pro-creating necessities and desires of eating, drinking and pro-creating necessities become the purpose lrumanexistence default.and by become the purpose of human existence by default, and is thenfocusedin this limitedsphere. human effort is then focused in this limited sphere. When human efTort When developsinto the most importantgoalin material satisfaction develops into the most important goal in material satisfaction t 'fhis vierv was expressedin his book The Repuhlicthroughhis rvell I This view was expressed in his book The Republic through his well knorvn metaphor of the cave. wlrere the changin-e physical rvorld is known metaphor of the cave. where the changing physical world is caston tlrc wall ol'a caveby gravenimages (Ihe compared to shadows cast on the .all 0 r a cave by graven images (The compared to shadows New Encyciopaedia Britannica. vol.l .25. .p. .552).) . N ew EncltclopaediaBr itunnica. v o 2 5 n 5 5 2
  8. 8. ThePurpose Creation of The Purpose ofCreation tgJ life, humanexistence life, human existence becomes even more degraded than that becornes evenmoredegraded than that of the lowestofanimals. of the lowest ofanimals. Human beings wi II consistently misuse Humanbeings willconsistently misuse their Go{-givenintelligence their G04-given intelligence when they lack knowledge oftheir whenthey lackknowledge oftheir purpose of existence.The degraded purpose of existence. The degraded human mind uses its humanmind usesits abilities to create drugsandbombsand becomes abilities to create drugs and bombs and becomes engrossed in engrossed in fornication, pornography,homosexuality, fornication, pornography, homosexuality, fortunetelling, fortunetelling, suicide,etc.Without knowledge suicide, etc. Without knowledge ofthe purpose of life, human purpose life, human of existenceloses meaning all and is consequently existence loses all meaning and is consequently wasted, and wasted,and the reward an eternallife happiness the hereafter the reward of an eternal life of happiness in the hereafter is in is completelydestroyed. Therefore, is the utmostimportance completely destroyed. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance that humanbeingscorrectlyanswerthe question that human beings correctly answer the question "Why are are we here?" we here?" Humans most often turn to other humanbeings like Humans most often turn to other human beingslike themselves forthe auswers. However. only place thatclear themselves for the answers. However. the only place the that clear and preciseanswers these questions can be found is in the and precise answers to thesequestions be found is the to can books divine revelation. was necessary that God reveal books of divine revelation. It was necessary God reveal that the purpose to man throughHis prophets. because the purpose to man through His prophets. because human human beings are incapable arriving at the correct answers by beings are incapable of arrivingat the correctanswers themselves. themselves. All of the prophets God taughttlreirfollowers the prophets of God taught their followers of the answers to the question"Why did God createman?" the answers the question God create man?" Judeo-ChristianScriptures Judeo-Christian Scriptures A surveyof the Bible leavesthe honestseekerof truth survey of the leaves the honest seeker of lost. The Old Testament lost. The Testament seemsmore concerned seems more concerned with laws laws .. andthe historyof eariymanandthe Jewishpeoplethan with and the history of early man and the Jewish people than answering vital question answering the vital question concerning the concerning humaniry'screation.:! humanity's creation.l 2 In 2 Isaiahthe Israelites createdfor God's glory, "'But norv thus says Isaiah the Israelites are created tbr God's glory, .. IBut now thus says are the Lord. he who created you. 0 Jacob. he who formed you. 0 Israel: ... the Lord. he rvhocreatedyou. O .lacob.he who formedyou. O lsrael:...
  9. 9. l-L - T h ePurpose s e C r e o t i o n TI,e P u r p o ofCreation of -_ .. In Genesis, God creates the world and Adam and Eve in six ln Genesis, God creates world and Adam and Eve in six the days and 'rests' from His work on the seventh.3 days and 'rests' from His work on the seventh. J Adam and Adam and Eve disobeyGod and are punished Eve disobey God and are punished and their son Cain kills and their son Cain their othei son AbDl and goes live in the land Nod. their other son Abtl and goes to live in the land of Nod. And God was 'sorry' that he had mademan!* God was 'sorry' that he had made man!4 Why are the answers arethe answers not there in clear and unmistakable terms? Why is so much not therein clearand unmistakable terms? Why is so much symbolic.leavingthe reader guessat its of the language symbolic, leaving the reader to guess at its of the language meanings? For example,in Genesis meanings? For example, in Genesis 6:6 it is stated, "When 6:6 is stated, "When on the faceof the ground,and daughters men began to multiply on the face of the ground, and daughters men begzur were born them, the sons were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters saw that the daughters of men were fair; and they took of men were fair; and they took to wife such of them as they such them as they chose." Who are these "sons of God"? Each Jewish sect and chose."Who arethese"sons God"? EachJewishsectand the manyChristiansectswho followed them have each of the many Christian sects who followed them have each their own explanations. Which is the correct interpretation? their own explanations. Which is the correctinterpretation? The truth is that the purpose man's creationwas taught by The truth is that the purpose of man's creation was taught by of the prophets.of old, however, the prophets. of old, however, some of their followers-in some their followers-in collusion with the collusion with the devils-later changed the scriptures. The the changed scriptures. The answers became vagueandmuch the revelationwas hidden answers became vague and much of the revelation was hidden in symbolic language. When God sent Jesus Christ to the in symbolic language. When God sentJesus Christ the ''l 6'1 will say to the north. Give up. and to the south. Do not withhold: bring sayto the north.Give up" and to the south- not rvithhold:bring 7 my sons from atar and my daughters fiom the end the eafih. evervonc my sons from afar and my daughters from the end of the earth. 7 every one who is called by my name. whom I created for my glory, whom r tanned who is calledby my name. created glory, rvhom I tbrmed and made."' (Revised Vcrsion.lsaiah and made.'" (Revised Standard Version. Isaiah 43: 1. 6-7.) Standard 43:l- 6-7.) t "tAnd on the 3 •• ~ And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done. and seventh God finishedhis rvorks,hichhe had done.and day dal from all his work u'hich he had done.iSo he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 350 he rested on the seventh God blessedthe seventhday and hallowedit. because God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it. because on it God rested on God rested fiom all his work which hc had donein creation." (RSV. Genesis 2:2-3.1 from all his work which he had done in creation:' (RSY. Genesis 2:2-3.) n 4 "And the Lord was sorry that he had made man on the earth. and it Lord was that hc had made man on the earth.and grievedhim to his heart."(RSV. Cenesis 6:6.) grieved him to his heart." (RSY. Genesis 6:6.)
  10. 10. ThePurposeof creation Tile Purpose ofCreation f Jews, he overturned tablesof thosemerchants the Jews, he overturned the tables of those merchants who had who had set up businesses insidethe temple,S he preached set up businesses inside the temple,' and he preached against and against the ritualistic interpretation the ritualistic interpretation ofthe law practiced by the Jewish oftlre law practicedby the Jewish rabbis.He reaffrnned law of Prophet the rabbis. He reaffirmed the law of Prophet Moses and revived it. Mosesandrevivedit. He taught the purpose of life to his disciples and demonstrated He taughtthe purpose life to his disciples of anddemonstrated how to fulfill it untilhislastmoments thisworld. However. how to fulfill it until his last moments in this world. However. in after his departure From this w'orld.his rnessage also after his depat1Ure from this world. his message was also was distortedby some who claimed to be among his followers. distorted by sorne who clairned be amonghis follorvers. to The clealtnrthhe brought became The clear truth he brought became vague. like the messages vague.like the messages of tlre prophetsbefore hirn.symbolisrn of the prophets before him. Symbolism was introduced, was introduced. especialll' through "Revelatiorrs" John,andthe Gospel the especially through the '''Revelations'' of John, and the Gospel which was revealed Jesus to was lost.Four othergospels which was revealed to Jesus was lost. Four other gospels conrposed menvere by chosen Athanasius,fourthcentury bv composed by men were chosen by Athanasius, a fourth century a 6 bishop.6 replace lostGospel Jesus to the bishop, to replace the lost Gospel of Jesus Christ. And the christ. And the 23 books of writings of Paul and othersincludedin the New 23 books writings Paulandothers included in the 7 Testament outnumbered Testament outnumbered eventlrefour versiolrs the gospel.T even the four versions of the gospel. of As a result, New Testament a result, Testament readers readers can'ot find precise cannot precise answersto the question answers the question "Why did God createmanT,g And did God create rnan?"s 'Luke 19:45 ( R S V ) <; Luke t 9 : 4 5(RSV). 6 The.'et, Encyclopaedia Britannir.r, vo[. l4- p. gl4. 6 The .Vew Encu-c'lop,aedia Britannica, vol. 14. p. 814. 7 7 tn tlre rnicl-4th In the mid-4th ccntur,'manuscnpt century manuscript callecl Codc Sinaiticus. Letter called C'odexSinaiticus. the Letter tl.re of Barnaba.sand the shepherd ol Hernrfl.rarc included as a part of the of Barnabas and the Shepherd a/Hernias are included as a part of the New Testament. New Testament. (Tlrc Sew Encvclopctediu (The N'ewEncyclopaedia Brirunnica.01. 14.p. gl4.) Briwnnica. lol. 14. p. 814.) t what 1 What rnaybe citedin the Kin-e.lames Versionas the purposeof creation, may be cited in the King .lanres Version as the purpose o{'crcation. Revelation II "'fhou art vonh.o Lord. ro rcceiveglory anclhonorand Revelation 4:ll "Thou art worthy, 0 Lord. III receive glor-v(Inc! honor and 4: porver:for thou hastcreatcd thin-ss. for thv pleasurethey are and power: lilr thou hast created all things. and for thy pleasure they are and all and were created."is retranslated the Rerist-'d Standard Versionas:"worthr,. were created." is retranslated in the Reised Standarcl in Version as: "Worthy art thou. our Lord and God. to reccrvcglor-rand honcur anclpog.er-. art thou, our Lord and God. lO receive glory and honour and power. fbr for thou didstcreateall things.and by thy will they existedand were created." thou didst create all things. and by thy will they existedand were created.-'
  11. 11. The Purpose of Creation The Purpose ofCreation one is forced to blindly follow the contriveddogmasof one is forced to blindly follow the contrived dogmas of whateversectthey happento belongto or adopt.The gospels whatever sect they happen to belong to or adopt. The gospels are interpreted according eachsect'sbeliefs,and the seeker are interpreted according to each secfs beliefs~ and the seeker to truth is againleft wondering,which one is correct? of truth is again left wondering~ which one is correct? The Incarnation God The Incarnation of God Perhaps only coffrmon the concept mostChristiansects to Perhaps the only common concept to most Christian sects regardingthe purpose regarding the purpose of mankind~s creation is that God mankind'screationis that God becameman so that He could die at the hands men to became man so that He could die at the hands of men to cleanse themof sin inherited from Adam and his descendants. cleanse them ofsin inherited from Adam and his descendants. Accordingtothem,thissin hadbecome greatthat no human According to them, this sin had become so great that no human so act of atonement repentance could eraseit. God is sogood act of atonement or repentance could erase it. God is so good that sinful man cannotstan'd that sinful man cannot stan'd before Him. Consequently~ only beforeHim. Consequently, God's sacrifice Himselfcould savehumankind of God's sacrifice of Himself could save humankind from sin. from sin. in this man-made myth became the Belief in this man-made myth became only source the source salvation, according the Church. Consequently~ the for salvation, according to the Church. Consequently, the Christianpurpose creationbecame recognitionof the Christian purpose of creation became the recognition of the of the 'divine sacrifice' 'divine sacrifice' andthe acceptance Jesus and the acceptance of Jesus Christ as the of Christ as the Lord God. This may be deducedfrom the followirrgwords God. This may be deduced from the following words attributed Jesus the Gospelaccording to John,"For God attributed to Jesus in the Gospel according John, in so loved the world that he Flovehis only Son, that whoever the world he gave Son. whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal lift."' believes have eternallife.,,9 ln Paul's letterto the Colossians explainsthat the rvorld was created In Paul's letter the Colossians he explains that the world was created he fbr .lesusd5 He is the imageof the invisibleGod. the first-bomof all creation: for Jesus "r5He the image of the invisible God. the first-born of creation: . r6for him in all things were created. in heaven and earth. visible amI 16for in him all thingswere created.in heavenand on earth.visible anr: invisible. rvhetherthrones or dominionsor principalitiesor authorities- invisible. whether throne's dominions or principalities or authorities- or all thingswere createdthrough him and for him."(RSV.Colossians:15). all things were created through him and for him."(RSV. Colossians |I: 15). t J o h n 3 : 1 6( R S V ) . 9 John, . 16 (RSY). 3:
  12. 12. The Purpose of Creation The of However, ifthis is the purpose of creation and the prerequisite However, is the purpose creation andthe prerequisite for everlasting why was it rrottaughtby all the prophets? life, for everlasting life, why was it not taught by all the prophets? Why did God not becomeman in the time Adam and his Why did God not become man in the time of Adam and his offspringso that all mankindwould havean equalchance offspring so that all mankind would have an equal chance to their purpose existence attaineverlasting for and fulfill their purpose for existence and attain everlasting life. life. did thosebeforeJesus'time haveanotherpurpose Or did those before Jesus' time have another purpose for existence? peopletoday whom God hasdestinednever existence? All people today whom God has destined never to hear Jesus alsohaveno chance to their supposed to hear of Jesus also have no chance to fulfill their supposed purpose creation. Sucha purpose. obviously is too limited purpose of creation. Such a purpose, is obviously too limited the need humankind. to fit the need of humankind. Everything is God Everything is God The Hindu scripfuresteachthat thereare many gods, The Hindu scriptures teach that there are many gods, incarnations gods,persons God and that everythingis of incarnations of gods, persons of God and that everything is God, Brahman. ln spite oftlre belief thatthe self(atman) God, Brahman. In spite of the belief that the self (atman) all living beingsis actuallyBrahtnan, oppressive of alJ living beings is actually Brahman, an oppressive caste an caste systemevolved in which the Brahmans, priestly caste, system evolved in which the Brahmans, the priestlycaste, tlre possess spiritualsupremacy birth.They are the teachers of possess spiritual supremacy b5r by birth. They arethe teachers the Vedas 10 and represent the ideal of ritual purity and social the Vedastj and represent ideal ritual purity and social the prestige. the other hand, the Sudra caste are excluded from On prestige. On theotherhand. Sudra the caste excluded are from religious status and their sale duty in life is "to serve meekly" I 1 religious status their soleduty in life is and sewemeekly"ll the otherthreecastes and their thousands subcastes. the other three castes and their thousands of subcastes. t" The l'eda,meaning "Knowleclge." a collective 10 The I 'eda, meaning is ·'Knowledge." is collective terrnfor revealed term (sruti: revealed (snili: heard) sacred scripturesof the Hindus. All otherworks-in which the heard) sacred scriptures of the Hindus. other works-in which the actual doctrinesand practises I-lindus encoded-are recognized actual doctrines and practises of Hindus are encoded-are recognized as of are as having being composed by human authors and are thus classed as smriti having beingcomposed humanauthorsand are thus classed smriti as (remembered). The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. p. 530.) lrememberedl.( The New EncltclopaediaBritannica, vol. 20. p. 530.) 1 ManauaDharmasastra1.9t: (The New EncyclopaediaBritannica, vol. " Manava Dharmasastra 1.91.(The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 2 0 ,p . 5 5 3 . ) 20, p. 553.)
  13. 13. The, Purpose ofCreation fn nrp"t, pt9rta*" .. According to Hindu monist philosophers, According to Hindu monist philosophers, humankind's humankind's purpose is the realizationof their divinity and-following a purpose is the realization of their divinity and-following a path (marga) to emancipation(moksha) from the wheel of path (margq) to emancipation (moksha) from the wheel of rebirth-the reabsorbtion the human soul (atman) into the rebirth-the reabsorbtion of the human soul (atman) into the ullimate reality, Brahman For those ultimate reality, Brahman. For those following the bhakti the bhakti path,l2 the purpose is path,12 the purpose is to love God because God created loveGod because God created humankind "enjby a humankind to "enjoy a relationship-as a father enjoys his a father enjoys his (Srimad Bhagwatam). For the ordinary Hindu, the children" (Srimad Blngwatam). the ordinary the main aim of worldly lies in conformingto socialand ritual main aim ofworldly life lies in conforming to social and ritual duties, the traditional rules conduct duties, to the traditional rules of conduct for one's caste- one's caste- the karma path.r3 the karma path. 13 Although most the religion the Vedic texts, which Although most of the religion of the Vedic texts, which revolves around rituals of revolves around rituals of fire sacrifice, has been eclipsed sacrifice,has beeneclipsed Hindu docffines and practicesfound other texts, the by Hindu doctrines and practices found in other texts, the absolute authority and sacrednqss the Veda remains absolute authority and sacredness of the Veda remains a of central tenetof virtually Hindu sectsand traditions.The central tenet of virtually all Hindu sects and traditions. The Veda is composed of four collections, the oldest of which is Veda is composed four collections, oldestof which is of the the Rlgueda("Wisdom of the Verses").In thesetexts,God is the Rigveda ("Wisdom of the Verses"). these texts, God is described ~he most confusing terms. The religion reflected describedin the mostconfusingterms.The religion reflected in the Rigvedais a polytheismmainly concerned inthe Rigveda polytheism concerned with appeasing appeasing deities associated with the sky and the atmosphere, "most deities associated the sky and the atmosphere, the most the important ofwhich were Indra (god of the heavensand rain), important ofwhich were of heavens and rain), sacr~ficial Baruna (guardianof the cosmic order),Agni (the sacrificial (guardian of the cosmic order), tt The path 11 path of devotion to a personalGod in which murtis (idols) are of devotion personal murtis are worshipped with the hope of goingto krishnaloko (a spiritual planet) in worshipped with the hope of going to krishna/oka planet) in their next lives. their next lives. 1' The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 20. p. 13 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. p. 520.
  14. 14. The Purpose ofCreation The of Creotion fire), andSurya (the Sun). In later Vedic texts, interest the fire), and Surya (the Sun). In later Vedic texts, interest in the early Rigvedic gods declines,and polytheismbegins be early Rigvedic gods declines, and polytheism begins to be replaced a sacrificial pantheism replaced by a sacrificial pantheism to Prajapati (Lord of of Creatures), is the All. ln the Upanishads (secretteachings Creatures), who is the All In the Upanishads (secret teachings concerning cosrnic equations), concerning cosmic equations), Prajapati merges with the merges the concept Brahman,thesupreme reality and substance concept of Brahman, the supreme reality and substance of 'universe, the ~universe, replacing any specific personification, thus the replacingany specific personification, thus transforming the mythology into abstract philosophy. 14 If the transformingthe mytholory into abstract philosophy.'o the If contents of thesescriptureswere that human beingshad contents of these scriptures were all that human beings had choose from guidance,one would have conclude to choose from for guidance, one would have to conclude that both and the purpose creationfrom that God hid both Himself and the purpose of creation from humankind. humankind. God is not the authorof confusion,nor doesHe wish God is not the author of confusion, nor does He wish mankind.Consequently, when He revealed difficulty for mankind. Consequently, when He revealed communication huqankind one thousand His final communication to hUl1J.ankind one thousand four hundred years ago,.He that was perfectly preserved hundred years ago,.He ensured that it was perfectly preserved ensured for all of the gene~ations of human beings come. that ofthe generations human beingsto come. In that of final scripture, Qur'an (Koran),God revealed purpose final scripture, the Qur'an(Koran), God revealed His purpose the for creating mankind and, through His last propheLHe clarified creating mankindand,through last prophet. He clarified the detailswhich man coutdcornprehend. is orrthe all of the details which man could comprehend. It is on the all basis of this revelation and the prophetic basis this revelation the prophetic explanations that and explanations that we will analyze the precise we answers the question analyzethe precise answers to the question "Why did God create man?" in the coming pages. God createman?" the coming pages. tn The New EncyclopaediaBritannica, vol. 20. pp. 529-530. 14 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. pp. 529-530.
  15. 15. The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Crcation God Create? Why Did God Create? RoM THE potNT oF vtEw oF Goo, AN EvENmore ROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF GOD, AN EVEN more F fundamental question needs be asked, fundamental question needs to be asked, "Why did God create?" This questionshouldbe askedbecause God create?" This question should be asked because humankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation.God says humankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation. God says in ChapterGhaafir the final revelation: Chapter Ghaafir of the final revelation: 'c';r f /r..3' .... jki #', ...,..1-111 ~f ~~ ...,..lf1, ~ ~ /fit f ".... :r.r JP~~I~ ~~ ~} ,-r't:jis,:,r,,*Lrr .... ... ,tiJl {~~~ {brH r creation the heavensand "Indeed, the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most creation most of mankind do not realize it." realize it." Qur'an 4A:57 Qur'an 40:57 The composition humanbeingsis far lesscomplex The composition of human beings is far less complex than the composition the universein which they exist. than the composition of the universe in which they exist. However, very few peoplereflect on this reatity. Because However, very few people reflect on this reality. Because of the apparent supremacy humanbeingsover the other of the apparent supremacy of human beings over the other creatures on this earth, man's journeysthrough space and the creatures this earth,man'sjourneys throughspaceand the on continued advancement their technologyand knowledge, continued advancement of their technology and knowledge, humankindin everyagebecomes arrogant considers humankind in every age becomes arrogant and considers itself and the greatestthing in this world. is worth noting that the the greatest thing in this world. It is worth noting that the humankind'samazingdiscoveries majority of humankind's amazing discoveries are not majority are not concerningthe human being, but his surroundings. concerning the human being, but his surroundings. Thus,Thus, humaneffortstend be focusedon the material rather human efforts tend to be focused on the material world rather
  16. 16. f n P r r p r t 0/ C r " t t i The, Purpose " Creation "f trlt .- than humanbeings.In this verse,God bringshumanbeings than human beings. In this verse, God brings human beings backto their actualstatusin this world. Humankindis merely back to their actual status in this world. Humankind is merely a smallpartof the existence that resultedfrom the miraculous a small part ofthe existence that resulted from the miraculous act of divine creation.Thus, in orderto understand act of divine creation. Thus, in order to understand why God why God created mankind,one first needsto answerthe even more created mankind, one first needs to answer the even more fundamental questionof why God created. fundamental question of why God created. The Creator The Creator Creation is fundamentally consequence the divine the Creation is fundamentally the consequence of the divine attribute beingthe creator. creatorwho doesnot create attribute of being the Creator. A creator who does not create is something a contradictionin terms.This is not to say is something of a contradiction in tenns. This is not to say that God needsHis creation.God is free from all needs. is that God needs His creation. God is free from all needs. It is creation which needsHim. But, as the greatness a writer creation which needs Him. But, as the greatness of a writer becomes apparent his writings, the perfectionof the divine in becomes apparent in his writings, the perfection of the divine creative attributeis manifest in creation.Creation the true creative attribute is manifest creation. Creation in the true senseis unique God alone.Although humans ascribe the sense is uniqueto God alone. Althoughhumans ascribe the act of creation themselves, act ofcreation to themselves, whatthey do is not true creation. what they not true creation. Humankind merelymanipulates Humankind merely manipulates what alreadyexists-what what already exists-what was already created by God. A table is madefrom wood was already created God. table is made wood which came from treesand is held togetherwith nails and which came trees and held together nails and screwsmadefrom metalthatcamefrom rocks.Humanbeings screws made metal that came rocks. Human beings did not makethe treesorthe rocks.In fact, all humancreations make trees or the rocks. fact, human creations can be tracedbackto basicelements can be traced back basic elements which humanscannot which humans cannot make.Eventhe artist ocreates' make. Even artist 'creates' designsbasedon what he has designs based has seen. It is not possibleto imaginewhat hasnot beenperceived seen. It is not possible to imagine what has not been perceived by the senses. by the senses. Thus,all of the artist's thoughtsare reflections Thus, all of the artist's thoughts are reflections on what was alreadycreated.Only God alone createsfrom on what was already created. Only God alone creates from
  17. 17. The Parpose of C.reation Purpose of Creation is incompreh~nsible to nothing.This basicfact was and still is incomprehEnsible nothing. This basic fact was and some. Some ancientas well as modernphilosophers, some. Someancient as as modern philosophers, who who could comprehend God could createfrom nothing, could not comprehend how God could create from nothing, claimedthatthecreated world and its contents all originally claimed that the created world and its contents are all originally are a part of GOd. 15 That is, according to them, God took a part a part of God.'t That is, according them,God took a part is This conclusion based of Himself and made the universe. This conclusion is based of Himself and madethe universe. who canonly 'create'by modiffing on comp~ngGodtoman, who can only 'create' by modifying on comparingGodtoman, what already exists. However, God,denies any such what already exists. However, God, denies any such comparisons would give comparisons which' would give Him human limitations. In humanlimitations. Chapter ash-Shooraa of the final revelation, He states: Chapterash-Shooraa the final revelation, of states: { ~~JAJ~,~ ~ ~. ""i, ~ ;.'~ __ {}*lr g;*lJr,r'ri,f br -l d' } ' . '... } "There is nothing like Him and He is the AII- "There Him All- Hearer and the All-Seer." Qur'an 42:11 Qur'an 42: 11 Thus, the act creafionis a conSequence the divine Thus, the act of creation.is a consequence of the divine as the attribute of being the Creator. God describes Himself as the attribute beingthe Creatot.God describes Creator in a variety ofverses throughout the final revelation to Creator avariety ofversesthroughout final revelation the emphasize humankind everything that belongs to alone. emphasize to humankind that everything belongs to Him alone. ts This is also Hindu belief regarding the supreme reality. Brahman. In I! This is also Hindu regardingthe supremereality. Brahman. ln the last (lOth) book of the Rigveda: in the "Hymn of the Cosmic Man" the last (lOth) book the Rr'3n'eda: thein the Cosmic Man" (Purusasukta), is said that the universewas createdout the parts (PurusasukJa), it is said that the universe was created out of the parts of the body of a singlecosmicman (Ptrrursa) rvhenhis body was burned and the body ofa single cosmic man (Purl/sa) when his body was burned and dismembered the primordial sacrifice.The tbur castesemergefrom his dismembered at the primordial sacrifice. The four castes emerge from his at body: the priest(Brahman)from the mouth.the wanior (Raianya)from the body: the priest (Brahman) from the mouth. the warrior (Rajanya) from the (Vaisya)from the thighs.and the servant(Sudra)from arms. the peasant (Vaisya) from the thighs. and the servant (Sudra) from arms. the peasant Britannica,vol. 20. p. 531). the legs. (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 20. p. 53 I ). the legs.(The NewEncltclopaedia
  18. 18. l-L The Purpose ofCreation of Creation _ _ {~J ~~ JS" Js. JA J~~ Y ~~ ~l} "Allah is the Creator of all things and He is the "Allah Creator of agent on which all things depend." agent things depend." Qur'an 39:62 Qur'an 39:62 {~P~J~~IJ} tt;,;; ur;35iiii,rry "And Allah created you all and whatever you do." "And Allnh crested Qur'an 37:96 Qur'an 37:96 Man needs realizethat nothingtakesplace in this Man needs to realize that nothing takes place in this universewithout the permission God. seekprotection universe without the permission of God. To seek protection seek acquire good from any sourceother from evil or to seek to acquire good from any source other from many people than God is a major mistake. Due to ignorance, many people than God is a major mistake.Due ignorance, attempt avoid misfornrneand gain good fortune through attempt to avoid misfortune and to gain good fortune through a variety of charmsand amulets,astrology,palmistry, etc. a variety of channs and amulets, astrology, palmistry, etc. Consequently, in the final revelation, Chapter al-Falaq, God Consequently, the final revelation, Chapteral-Falaq, God informs hum~n beings to·seek refuge-in God from evil: informs humanbeingsto.seekrefugrin God from evil: ty 6? u P,q'r'tii'y} "Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the dawn, from seek Lord the evil of what He has created." of what has Qur'an n113:1-22 Qur'a I l3:1- Allah, God Almighty, is not evil; He is good.He created Allah, God Almighty, is not evil; He is good. He created a world which evil goodcan be doneby beings whom a world in which evil or good can be done by beings to whom gavethis ability. However,no evil good can take place He gave this ability. However. no evil or good can take place in this world withoutthe permission God..Thisis why in this world without the permission of God .. This is why it is futile turn to othersbesides help and protection. is futile to turoto others besides God for help and protection. God
  19. 19. The Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creation - n7l __ {~ IJb~ ~1 r:,o~ ~ y~i La} {i' '11.,.*=.a -'t:ei 6) a '" 9i9 "" ,,~ -" "No calamity strikes except "No calamity strikes except by Allah's permission" permission" Qur'an,n64: :III Qur'a 64 l . The final prophet of God, Muhammad (~), further The final prophet God, Muhammad(ffi), furrher elaborated on this concept, saying, "Be aware that if the whole elaborated this concept,saying,"Be owore that if the whole on mankindgatheredtogetherto do something help you. of mankind gathered together to do something to help you, they only be able to do they would only be able to do somethingfor you which Alloh u,hichAllah had already written for you: Likewise. if the whole ofmankind had already writtenfor you: Likewise,f the whole of mankind gathered together to harm you, they gathered together to harm you, they would only be able to be able do something harm do something to harm you which Allah had already written Allah ,,16 tto happen to you. o happento yott."t6 The The Forgiving The Merciful, The Forgiving In the creation humankirrd, divineattributes In the creation of humankind, the divine attributes of the of forgiveness, mercyandkindness alsomanifested. Human are forgiveness, mercy and kindness are also manifested. Human beings were created good and pure with a naturalawareness beings were created good and pure a natural awareness goodandevil. The Almighty alsocreated humans desires. of good and evil. The Almighty also created in humans in desires, and gavethem an ability controlthose desires according and gave them an ability to control thosedesires according to divine law to turn them looseand follow them blindly. to divine law or to tum them loose and follow them blindly. God created mankind knowing that they would disobeyHim. God created mankindknowingthatthey would disobey Him. Consequently, Hetaughthumanbeings, Consequently, He taught human beings, beginning beginning with Adam, Adam, how to repent and therebypurifo themselves their sins. how repent and thereby purify themselves of of sins. Adam and Eve represent a patternfor all mankindto follow. Adam and Eve represent pattern a mankind 16 16 Reported by 'Abbaasand collected Reported by' Abbaas and collectedby at-Tirmithee at-Tirmi!hee and authenticated and authenticated in Saheeh. Sunan at-Tirmi!flee, vol. 2.pp. 308-9.no. 2043. in $afueefoSunan at-Tirmifuee, 2. pp. 308-9. no. 2043. vol.
  20. 20. I -^ L The Purpose 0/ Creation of Crcation U They forgot the commandment God, and Satan playedon They forgot the commandment of God, and Satanplayed on of desires. After they had disobeyed their desires. they had disobeyed God, they turnedback God, they turned back repentance, He forgavethem.In humankind's and to Him in repentance, and He forgave them. In humankind's disobedience turningback God in repentance, divine disobedience and turning backto God in repentance, the divine and the and infinite mercy become attributes of total forgiveness and infinite mercy become attributesof total forgiveness manifest. The final Prophet (~) informed his followers of this manifest. (x;) The final Prophet informedhis followers this reality, saying, "Ifyou did not commit sins and turn to Allah, reality, saying,"lf commit sins turn Allah. seeking His forgiveness, He would have replaced you with seeking forgiveness, He have another people who would sin, ask Allah's forgivenessand another people who sin, ask forgiveness He wouldforgive them. ,,17 Every one of the 114 Chapters of He would.forgive them."'t Everyone the ll4 Chapters of exceptone,begins with the prayer,"ln the final revelation, except one, begins with the prayer, "In the final revelation, the name Allah,the Beneficent Most Merciful."Allah's the the name of Allah, the Beneficent the Most Merciful." Allah's attributes mercyand forgiveness stressed encourage are to attributes of mercy and forgiveness are stressed to encourage humansnot fall into despair. matterhow greatthe sins humans not to fall into despair. No matter how great the sins may be,God can forgivethem if manturns of human beings may be, God can forgive them ifman turns humanbeings back to Him in sincere repentance. The Messenger (~) was back in sincere repentance. Messenger was The (x) quotedassaying,"When createdthe universe, made He quoted as saying, "When Allah created the universe, He made an obligation on [recordedJ documentkept by an obligation on Himself [recorded} in a document kept by Him: mercysupersedes mywrqtfr."l8He wasalsoreponed Him: My mercy supersedes my wrath." 18 He was also reported to have said,"[Allah createdJmercyv,ith one hundredparts, to have said, "[Allah created} mercy with one hundred parts. one of whichwas sentdown upan thejinn, humanbeingsand one ofwhich was sent down upon thejinn. human beings and ather beings. is out oJ'thisone that they love other living beings. It is out ofthis one part that they love eventhe animals each other, show kindness to each other and even the animals each other, showkindnessto eachother treat lheir ffipring affiction. has reservedthe treat their offspring with affection. Allah has reserved the 17 " Sohih Muslint,vol. 4. pp. 1435-6.no. 6621. reportedby Aboo Ayyoob Sahih Muslim. vol. 4. pp. 1435-6. no. 6621. reported by Aboo Ayyoob al-An~aaree. al-AnEaaree. t' Sahih Muslim, vo!. 4. p. 1437. no. 6628. reported by Aboo Hurayrah. 18 SohihMuslint,vol.4. p 1437.no,6628.reported Aboo Hurayrah. by
  21. 21. I L The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Creation _ remaining ninety-nine remammg ninety-nine parts for His true worshippers on the for His true worshipperson the Day ofResurrection. ,,19e Day of Resurr ect i on." I Had Allah wished,He could havecreated Had Allah wished, He could have created mankind like mankind like angels,incapable committingsin. However,that was not angels, incapable of committing sin. However, that was not His wish, as He had already His wish, as He had already created angels. Human beings created angels. Humanbeings were created capable makingmistakes were created capable of making mistakes and when they and when they realize their errors and seekCod's forgiveness, divine realize their errors and seek God's forgiveness, the divine the attributes mercy and forgiveness attributes of mercy and forgiveness become manifest. becomemanifest. SupremeJustice Supreme Justice In thejudgment mankindat the end this world, In the judgment of mankind at the end of this world, God's attributes supreme justiceand fairness God's attributes of supreme justice and fairness also become alsobecome manifest. Basedon His infinite knowledge, manifest. Based on His infinite knowledge, God could have God could have createdall members the humanracewho were created all members of the human race who were to live onlive on earthand immediately placedsome them in paradise and earth and immediately placed some of them in paradise and the remainder hell.Beforecreatingman,Allah alreadyknew in the remainder in hell. Before creating man, Allah already knew what choices theywould makein this life, what provision and what choices they would make in this life, what provisionand opportunities would give them, and in what state of belief opportunities He would give them,and in what state belief He of disbelief they would die. Therefore, one sense it could or disbelief they would die. Therefore, in one sense could in be said that some peoplewere created paradise be saidthat somepeople were created for paradise and others and others hell. 'Aa'ishah, of the Prophet Muhammad (~), for hell. 'Aa'ishah, wife of the ProphetMuhammad(*g), quoted him as saying,"Don't quoted him as saying, "Don't you lcnou,know that Allah created that created paradise and hell, and He crealed inhabitants for each?"2o hell, created inhabitants for each?,,20 If God had immediately If God had immediately placedthoseheaded paradise placed those headed for paradise in paradise, paradise, they would not question they would not question God's decision. God's decision. Thosein Those t n I b i d . .v o l . 4 . p 1 4 3 7 . 19 Ibid .. vol. 4. p. 1437. n o . 663 I. .reported d y A b o o H u r a y r a h . no. 6 6 3 1 r e p o r t e b Aboo Hurayrah. by t o I b i d . .v o l . 4 . p 20 Ibid .. vol. 4. p. 1 4 0 0 . o . 6 4 3 5 . 1400. n 6435. no.
  22. 22. The Purpose of Crestion The Purpose ofCreation paradise would happilyaccept everlasting of blissand paradise would happily accept an everlasting life of bliss and an life be thankful that they were not placedin helr. However,those be thankful that they were not placed in hell. However, those immediately placedin hell would askwhy. They would feel immediately placed in hell would ask why. They would feel a sense unfairness to their ignorance what theywould of due a sense ofunfaimess due to their ignorance of what they would of have done had they lived on earth. Those in hell would have done had they lived on earth.Thosein hell would relentlesslyarguethat had they beengiven a chanceto live relentlessly argue that had they been given a chance to live out their lives on earth, they would have believed and don~ out their liveson earth,they would haveberieved done and righteousdeeds. consequently, righteous deeds. Consequently, Allah allows human beings Allah allowshumanbeings to live out their Iiveson earthand makeall the choices to live out their lives on earth and make all the choices they they would havemade, thateveryone so would have made, so that everyone who enters hell will know who enters heil know that theychose by themselves. hell They that they chose hell by themselves. They will recognize God's recognize God's mercy in their lives and acknowledge their sin in rejecting mercy in their livesandacknowledge their sin in rejecting His signs andguidhnce. His signs and guidance. A.nd they will accept His judgment A'd they accept judgment His as being just and beyond reproach. However, they will still as beingjust and beyondreproach.However. they sti II beg for another beg for another chance to do good in this world. as cod says chance do good in this world, as God says to in Chapter as-Sajdaft the Qur'an: in Clrapter of the Qur'an: as-Sajdah of l-i~' ~~;.f~ ~ ~;~ r j-{ri iyr+.Jr it s; "f:} t-i;di dr'r+r'+'#;, I;...fU ~;~,~! l.S} Jf~} t rrti 6tvta,1;';; { ~A; If! ~~ ~ grti t:;;, / ~~~ ~~ / "If only you could see[the timel when the sinners "If see lthe time) when the sinners will bow their headsbefore their Lord, [sayingf, will their heads before their Lord, [saying], tour Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send 'Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back and we will do righteous deeds,Verily; we us back and we will do righteous deeds. Verily; we now believewith certaintv.' "" now believe with certainty.' Qur'an, 32: 12 Qur'an,32:12
  23. 23. Purpose of Creation The Purpose o[Crestion r However, if Allah were to sendthem backto this world However, if were send them back having forgottenwhat they hadseenof hell, they would again having forgotten whatthey had seen of hell, they again choose evil and end up in hell as before.God spokeabout choose and end as before. God spoke about this in Chapteral-An'aaml Chapter ai-An 'aam: ... '" {iJ;~~ ~!J ~ I' ... '* {iji,iJ d* w i# e iririiit'r'i'r11 • 0.1 ~ 'J~Al 'J~) JlJ} .. C/I A ~ ...... "But if they were returned [to this worldl' they "But if [to world], would certainly go backlo what was forbidden to back.to what thelD. they liars." them. Indeed thev are liars." Qur'an, 6:28 Qur'an,6:28 Divine Love God's love is manifestin beingsbroughtinto existence, God's love is manifest in beings brought into existence, disbeliever, enjoy life, if only whether believer or disbeliever, to enjoy life, if only for a whether believer a brief moment. It i~ also realized in the creation moment. is also realizedin the creation paradise of paradise thosewho chooserighteousness evil. over statesin for those who choose righteousness over evil. Allah states in that He lovesthosewho do good(5:13), the final revelation that He loves those who do good (5: 13), the final revelation (5:42),thosewho are pious(9:4), those those who are just (5:42), those who are pious (9:4), those those who are who are patient(3:146),those put their trust who are. patient (3: 146), those who put their trust in Him in repentance (3: 159), those who frequently tum to Him in repentance and (3:159), thosewho frequentlyturn to and those who puriff themselves (2:222).However, is He who those who purify themselves (2:222). However, it is He who has definedfor humanbeingsthroughthe scriptures the and has defined for human beings through the scriptures and the prophets what is good,just and pious.ConseQuently, prophets what is good, just and pious. Consequently, thosethose who follow the prophets mostbelovedto God.ln Chapter who follow the prophets are most beloved to God. In Chapter are 'lmraan, Allah instructedProphetMuhammad'(#E) say Aal 'Imraan, Allah instructed Prophet Muhammad- (~) to say to the following to the believers: the following to the believers: '"3r'-;ei"-t {~j~ ~ ~J ~ ~::;.,; ~~~ ~, ~ kJ ~ ~!} li"$;il ,rrt:hr oi7.r;r bll t&;i
  24. 24. fh" P"rprt" rf Crettir, The Purpose ofCreation WI _ 65If you really love Allah, "If you really love Allah, follow me and Allah will follow me and Allah witl you and forgive your sins." loveyou and forgive your sins." love Qur'an n3 : 3I Q u r ' a 3:31 The prophetsshould be followed not only in the The prophets should be followed not only in the compulsoryacts ordained by God, but also in their eagerness compulsory actsordainedby God, but also in their eagerness to do acts of voluntary worship. to do acts of voluntary worship. The love of God is also manifestin His mercyand The love of God is also manifest in His mercy and blessings which He grantsfo thosewho deserve blessings which He grants fo those who deserve them as well them as well as thosewho do not. But, is particurarry as those who do not. But, it is particularly manifest in His manifestin His willingnessto forgive the sins whomsoever willingness to forgive the sins of whomsoever turns to Him turnsto Him in sincererepentance. From the creation Adam and Eve, in sincere repentance. From the creation of Adam and Eve, repentancewas granted to them erasetheir sins as an repentance was granted to them to erase their sins as an example to all human beings who would follow them into example all humanbeingswho would them into this world. this world. No matterhow great humansins rnaybecome, matter how greathuman sinsmay become, the the door for sincere repentance door sincere repentance remainsopen until the lastday remains open until the last day of this world. AnasquotedAllah's Messenger as saying, (~) of this world. Anas quoted Allah's Messenger (#) as saying, "Allah. the Almighty, has said.-O son of Adam, as long as the has said: 0 son ofAdam, you call on Me and ask of Me, I will forgive what you hate you call ask ofMe, I will forgive have done, and II do not mind. O son of Adam. evenif your sins done, mind. 0 son ofAdam. even ifyour sins reachedthe cloudsandyou askedIrIyforgiveness,II witt reached clouds andyou asked My forgiveness, willforgive forgive you. O son of Adam, ,f you came to Me with sins nearly as you. 0 son ofAdam, ifyou came to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and you met Me without giving Me partners, great as the earth andyou met Me without Me partners, II will give you a similar amountofforgiveness."2l will give you a similar amount offorgiveness. ,,21 2f 21 collected by at-Tirmithee and authenticatedin galre Collected by at-Tirmi!hee and authenticated in Sab.eeb. Sunan at- elt sunan at- Tirmilhee,vol. 3. pp. 175-6. no. 2805. Tirmifhee, vol. 3. pp. 175-6. no. 2805.
  25. 25. The Purpose ofCreation Grace Divine Grace paradise, they will not enter it solely based As forthose in pmadise, will enter solely based on their good deeds.It is the graceof God that will ultimately good deeds. It grace of will ultimately Prophetof Allah (#) said in this carry them there.The final Prophet of carry them there. The (~) said regard, "Try your best to do right, and be l*ppy. For none regard, "Try your best be happy. For none will enterparadise onlybecause hisdeeds."His companions will enterparadise only because of ofhis deeds. " companions said, "0 Messenger Allah! Not even you?" He replied,"Not said, "O Messenger of Allah! of evenyou?" He replied, "Not even I, unless Attah envelops me in His mercy and gtace.z2 even I, unless Allah envelopsme His mercy grace. 22 Allah one And bear in mind that the deed most loved by Allah is one thst the deed most done constantly, even though it is small."Z3However, God's done constantly,eventhough small. ,,23 However, arbitrary. is basedon both correct faith and grace is not arbitrary. It is based on both correct faith and grace is 'Imraan, righteous deeds. In Chapter Aal 'Imraan, Allah says: righteousdeeds. ChapterAill says: 't Jo'Hl,i ~::. I~ ~~ ,f q.Ai'p'ai y-alu. ",iI ~! ~~ ~ e#urrv : ; J ~~f ';:..s. ill f' ;J~ ~~ :;} "q {iiru r p; ,+r+ {~J~Hal ~ ;.A ~ J "Whoever brings a good deed, will have [the "Whoever brings will [the an deed value of] ten like it, and whoever brings an evil deed ofl and be punished one and they will will only be punished with one like it, and they will will not be wronged." be wronged.tt Qur'ann6 :1600 Q u r ' a 6: 1 6 WereGodtohold humankind account to strictly,no one's Were God to hold humankind to account strictly, no one's would outweightheir evil deeds. However,God good deeds would outweigh their evil deeds. However, God good deeds has manifested graceby multiplyingthe value good has manifested His grace by multiplying the value of good His deeds,while keeping evil deeds their facevalue. It is by deeds, while keeping evil deeds at their face value. It is by at 22 Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. p. 1473. no. 6765. reported by Aboo Hurayrah. 22 Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, p. 1473.no. 6765.reportedby Aboo Hurayrah. 23 " Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, pp 1473-4.no. 6770.reported by 'Aa'ishah. Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. pp. 1473-4. no. 6770. reported by "Aa'ishah.
  26. 26. The Purpose 0/ Creation - I 241 Il the graceof God that the true believersenter paradise.This the grace of God that the true believers enter Paradise. This doesnot mean that deeds have no fO,le. Deeds have a major does not meanthat deedshaveno role. Deedshavea major role, but they are not the deciding factor. God's grace role, but they are not the deciding factor. God's grace outweighsthem. outweighs them. Consequently,the creationof humanbeings,the errors Consequently, the creation of human beings, the errors that they make and the good that they do are all circumstances that they makeandthe goodthat they do are all circumstances for the manifestation of God's attributes of mercyand for the manifestation of God's attributes of mercy and forgiveness, attributeofjustice and His attributeof grace. His forgiveness, His attribute ofjustice and His attribute of grace. Humankind should not question why God choseto Humankind should not question why God chose to manifest His attributesin this way. can only be assumed manifest His attributes in this way. It can only be assumed that this was the bestway, because that this was the best way, because Allah describes Himself as describes as being the wise and the being the Most Wise and the Most Knowledgeable. Humans Knowredgeable. Humans can only understand what Allah chooses reveal them. can only understand what Allah chooses to reveal to them. to 'c'?i*# {",ia ~!~~<~~~~~} {~~ ~ lr +dr r;} "They will only encompassof His trnor"hAge what "They will encompass of knowledge what He wishes.tt wishes." Qur'an 2:255 Qur'an 2:255 Thus, theyshould not try to equatethemselves Thus, they should equate themselves with God. God. If He hastold humankind If has humankind why He decidedto do somerhing, decided something, it is not for them to questionwhy He decidedto decide.such it is not for them to question why He decided to decide. Such questionsare without end andthus beyondhuman scope.It questions are without end and thus beyond human scope. It is theywho will be questionedon the Day of Judgmentabout is they who will be questioned on the Day of Judgment about their actionsandintentions andnot He.In chapteral-Ambiyaa, their actions and intentionsand not He. In Chapter al-Ambiyaa, Allah addresses point: Allah addresses this point: this {.jU"Ji,W_6itu"t}
  27. 27. The Purpose of Creation ofCreation "He cannot be questioned as to what He does,while "IIe questioned as what does, while will.be questioned." they will be questioned." Qur'an. 21 l:23 3 Qur'an,2 :2 In this regard Prophet Muhammad (~) was reported by this regardProphetMuhammad(*) was reported 'Abbaasto have said, "Reflect on the creation ofAllah but Ibn 'Abbaas havesaid,"Reflecton the creation of AIIah do not reflect on Allah."2oTo reflect on the reality of Allah is do reflect on Allah. ,,24 reflect on the reality of Alldh is reflect on the infinite. And, as the mind boggles when to reflect on the infinite. And, as the mind boggleswhen it reflects on the of the universeandthe galaxiesand reflects on the limits of the finite universe and the galaxies and stars within it, it will be more confounded when it attempts stars it, be more confounded when attempts to understand the uncreated. The Prophet (~) warned that the the understand uncreated. The Prophet(ff) warnedthat the satanic forceswould seek introduce doubtsin the hearts satanic forces would seek to introduce doubts in the hearts questions aboutGod. of the believers by raising unanswerable questions about God. the believers raisingunanswerable by Aboo Hurayrah related that Allah' sMesseng~r (~) said, Aboo Hurayrah relatedthat Allah's Messenger said, (S) "Sstan will come everyoneof you ask: Who "Satan will come to everyone ofyou and ask: Who created this and that?-until he questions: Who created your Lord? this that?-until he questions; Whocreated Wen he comes that, one should seekrefuge When he comes to that, one should seek refuge in Allah [say: fsay: I ffirm my faith in and HisprophetsJ25 avoid 1 affirm my faith in Allah and His prophets)25 and avoid and [such thoaghts]. ,,26 [such thofrghtsJ."26 ta Collected by Aboo NU}liym in gl-lf.ilyah and authenticated by al- 24 Collected by Aboo Nugym inql-Hiah and authenticated al- by Albaanee in Silsilah al-A!l.aadeeth a~-S.a!l.eebah, vol. 4. p. 12. no. 1788. Albaanee in Silsilahal-Aftaadeeth as--Sakeehah, 4. p 12. no. | 788, vol. 'Umar collectedby ag-Jabamanee There is also a similar narrationfiom Ibn There is also a similar narration from Ibn 'Umar collected bya!-Iabaraanee in al-Awsaland al-Bayhaqee .Sftu'ab in al-Awsa{ and al-Bayhaqee in Shu 'ab al-Eemaan. in al-Eemaan. 25 SahihMttslim,vol. l- p 77. nos.242 &.2,43. 25 Sahih Muslim, vol. L p. 77. nos. 242 & 243. 'u lbid., vol. l, p. 77. no. 244 andSahihAl-BuWnri, vol. 4, p. 320, no, 496. 26 Ibid., vol. 1, p. 77. no. 244 and Sahih AI-Bukhari, vol. 4, p. 320~ no. 496.
  28. 28. rt The Purpose of Creation ofCreation il Why Did God Create Mankind? God Create RO~ TF{E PERSPECTTVE HUMANKIND, noM THE PERSPECTIVE OF HUMANKIND, THE F T.t I F{ qUESTION what purpose did God createman?" implies QUESTION "Why did God create man?" implies "For wasman created?" the final revelation, ln what purpose was man created?" In the final revelation, this question is answered without any ambiguity.Humans this question is answered without any ambiguity. Humans informed God that every humanbeing is born are first informed by God that every human being is born are with an innate consciousness of God. In Chapter al-A 'raq/~ an innateconsciousness God. Chapteral-A'raq/: of Allah said: Allah said: ~ itA¥) ~~~ ~?~ ~ ~;~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~!)} JF:qli; ilJrl e:*b i;; .F b {; ;;f i11} ~ It' ~lii, '. , i. ~:: ~i lr -~ i: i .l . ~~, ~- · 'i·'fi;;i ~' - r'rlfbf ~~ ii'i &t U*ti ~fi ei *l y[ilr ~Jt y~ *y -,r,. r-l:............,~. y ',.-'^{r::t g', ,F b u;qtl Gl jrr'ti'g#,vt:,^ ~ i;~~ ~~ Jj ~ uJ1i~ ~~i Wl ij~ ~i ~~ ,lA :f !'-hi f { ~ ~i, v- ~: ~i· ~ .It..·~ {ii9I'r ',;i - ~,. "[Rememberl "l,w':k#!tb$ "[Remember) when your Lord extracted from the Lord extracted loins of Adam's children their descendants and loins children descendants and made them 'Am made -them testify [saying]: 'Am I not your Lord?' L,ord?' [sayingl: They said: 'Yes, They said: 'Yes, we testify to it.' [This was) in testify [This was] say on the Day Judgment: 'We were case you say on the Day of Judgment: 'We were case unaware this.t Or you say: tlt was unaware of this.' Or you say: 'It was our ancestors ancestors who worshipped others besides God and we are worshipped others besidesGod and are • descendants.Will you then destroy us only their descendants. Will you then destroy us for what those liars did?'" thoseliars did?'" Qur'an,7:172-3 Qur' an, 7: 172-3
  29. 29. The Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creation The Prophet (~) explained that when Allah created Adam, The Prophet(#) explained thatwhenAllah created Adam, He took from him a covenant a placecalledNa'maanon He took from him a covenant at a place called Na'maan on at the 9th day 7 ofthe 12th month. He then extracted from Adam the fth dut'' of the 12thmonth.He then exffactedfrom Adam all of his descendants would be born until the end who all of his descendants wltowould be born until the end of the world, generationafter generation, the world, generation after generation, and spread them out and spreadthem out before to take a covenantfrom them also.He spoke before Him to take a covenant from them also. He spoke to them, face to face, making them bearwitnessthat He was them, face to face, making them bear witness that He was their Lord. 28 Consequently, every human being is responsible their Lord.z8 Consequently, eveiy humanbeingis responsible for belief in God, which is imprintedon eachand every soul. for belief in God, which is imprinted on each and every soul. is based this inborn on that Allah definedthe purpose It is based on this inborn belief that Allah defined the purpose humankind'screationin Chapteragh-Thaariyaat: of humankind's creation in Chapter ath- Thaariyaat: {IJJ"w ~l ~~I) ~ ~ I.A)} {ir:**l 1! .r"!lt ;,+Jtc-il+ r.'1} ttl did not create the jinn2eand the humankind "I create jinn?9 except they should except that they, should worship Me." Qur'ann5 l :56 Q u r ' a 51 : 5 6 Thus, the essential Thus, the essential purposefor whiclr humankindwas purpose which humankind was created is the worship of God. However, the created is the worship of God. However,the Almighty is not is need humanworship. He did not create human beings in need of human wors[rip.He did not createhumanbeings 17 27 Known as the day of 'Arafaat. as the day of 'Arafaat. 2t Collected 28 Collected by Almad and authenticated Siisi/ah al-Ahaadeetha§.- Ahmad and authenticated in Silsilah al-A!laadeeth as- $.a!J.ee!lah. vol.'4,p. 158,no. 1623. $afteefuah, vol:4, p. 158, no. 1623. 2e The;inn are 29 Thejinn are a classof invisible rationalbeings created class invisible rational beings created by God from the elementsof fire. They were endowedby God with free will, like mankind. elements offire. They were endowed God free will, mankind. Consequently, Consequently, some of them are righteousbelievers and othersare evil some of them are righteous believers and others are disbelievers. disbelievers. The evil among them are commonlycalleddemons.evil The among them are commonly called demons. evil spirits,devils.etc. spirits, devils. etc.
  30. 30. Purpose ofCreation The Parpose of Creation out of a needon His part.If not a singlehumanworshipped of need on part. If not single human worshipped God, it would not diminish His glory in any w&], and if all God, diminish any way, and if of mankind ~orship~ed Him, it would not increase glory of mankindworshipp.ed would not increase His in any way. God is perfect. He aloneexistswithout any any way. God is perfect. He alone exists without any beings have needs. Consequently, is needs. All created beingshaveneeds. needs.All created Consequently, it is humankindthat needs worshipGod. humankind that needs to worship God. The Meaning of Worship Meaning understand why humanbeingsneedto worship God, To understand human beings need worship God, what is meant theterm 'worship.' one must first understand what is meant by the term 'worship.' onemustfirst understand 'worship' comes from the Old English The English term 'worship' comesfrom the Old English The English term weorthscipe meaning'honor.' Consequently, worship in the weorthscipe meaning 'honor.' Consequently, worship in the 'the performance devotional of English language definedas English language is defined as 'the performance of devotional is man acts in honor of a deity. ,30 According to this meaning, man acts honor a deity.'30Accordingto this meaning, is instructed to ~how gratitude to God by glorifying Him. In is instructed show gratitude God glorifuing Chapter an-Na~r of the final revelation, Allah says: Chapter an-Na;r the final revelation, Allah says: {drh'#l "Glorify the praises your "Glorify the praises of your Lord." Qur'an l0:3 I Qur'an 110:3 to gloriffing God, man chooses be harmony In glorifying God, man chooses to be in harmony the rest creationwhich naturallyglorifies its with the rest of creation which naturally glorifies its Creator. addresses this phenomenon many Creator. Allah addresses this phenomenon in many chapters of the Qur'an. For example, in Chapter al-lsraa, chapters the Qur'an.For example,in Chapteral-Israa, Allah states: states: 3o The Living Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary. p. 1148. 30 The Living lhebster Encltclopedic Dictionarrr, p. I 148
  31. 31. The Purpose ofCreation ThePurposeof Creation ;! ~~ ~ ~!j ~ :;j ~~~j ~ ~J~ ;j ilJ] rl :F tt')'4 c1,io'st[Ir Lr3ttr rt ~} "y { ~ ~ JfMi ~ ~J" tiithJ-J rtitir r l5[ o~:~, " " • ~ , :".~ ". ~I' , ", 1F|#- *The seyen heavens "The seven heavens and the earth and whatever eerth whatever is in them glorify Him and there is nothing which is glorify Him does not glorify His praise.31 However, you do not does glorify preise.'' Howeyer, understand their glorification." their glorification.' Qur'an, 17:44 Qur'an, 17:44 However, in Arabic, the language of the final revelation, However, Arabic, the language the of revelation, worship is called 'ibaadah,whichis closelyrelated the worship is called 'ibaadah, which is closely related to the 'abd,meaning'a slave.' slaveis one noun 'abd, meaning 'a slave.' A slave is one who is expected expected noun to do whatever his ma'ster wills. Consequently, worship, do whatever his ma'ster Consequently, worship, accordingtothe revelation,meaas 'obedient submission according to the final revelation, meaas 'obedient submission to the will of God.' This was the essence of the message of the will of God.' was the essence the message of of the prophetssent God humankind. all the prophets sent by God to humankind. For example, this example, understanding of worship was emphatically expressed understanding of worship was emphatically expressed by Prophet Jesus the Gospelaccording Matthew, 7:21, Prophet Jesus in the Gospel according to Matthew, 7:21, me 'Lord' will enter the kingdom "None of those who call me 'Lord' will enter the kingdom "None of those who of God, the one does the wiII of of God, but only the one who does the will of my Father in Father heaven." It should be noted that '-will' in this quote means heaven." should be notedthat'.will' quote means 'what God wants human beings and not 'what God 'what God wants human beings to do' and not 'what God permits humans to do,' because permits humans to do,' because nothing happens in creation nothinghappens creation (permission) God. The 'Will of God' is without the will (permission) of God. The 'Will of God' is without the contained in the divinely revealed laws which the prophets contained in the divinely revealed laws which the prophets 3t The thunder is described as glorifying God in 13: 13, the day and night 31 The thunder is describedas glori$ing God l3:13. the day and in 2 t :20 and the mountains 38: 18. in 21:20 and the mountains in 38:18.

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