l-/.dfSTABUSHING TUEWHO SEEK RIGillmGollllR
     TJIAXUSIINC RIC.{IDI]IC
                 TIIIPROOTI THE
                 ...
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  ISTABLISHING RIGARDING
  ESTABLISHING THI PROOFS REGARDING THI
               THE PROOIS           THE
  RULE THOSE SI...
M
ln the Nane of Nlah, Mqst Graclous,MqgtMerclfut
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

                      ...
daily lives. As a result,there came into existenceheretical
daily lives.      result, there came     existence heretical
i...
ln the Name Nlah, Mosf Gracious, Most Merciful
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

                 THE FI...
Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the
 Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the
  Prophet(peace...
"Alif, Lam, Ra, (This is) Book with.verses basic
 "Alif, Lam, Aa, (This is) a Book with verses basic or
  tuniamental (of ...
ls it not to Allahthat sincere devotion is due?"
  Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due?"
   (39:1421
  (39:142...
"lf thou dost, boholdl thou shatt certainly be of tfiose
    "If thou dost, beholdl thou shalt certainly       those
     ...
affirms that there nothing to be worshipped exceptAllah
affirmsthat thereis nothing be worshipped   except Allah
the Alnni...
the Prophets othersor invokesldols,treeaand gtoneg,
               or
the Prophets or others or invokes idols, tree, and s...
wellas Defeat,Who Alonebestowshelpor lossor benefit;
well as Defeat, Who Alone bestows help or loss or benefit;
none other...
And he also said,
And he also saicl,
  "He, who dies while prayingto someoneas rival to
  "He, who dies while praying to s...
tlmesof war or at tlmesof dlfflcultles occurto hlmand
                                          that
times of war or at ti...
"Rememberye imploredthe assistanceof your Lord,
  "Remember ye implored the assistance of your Lord,
   and He answered yo...
It is therefore duty on the writerto repentto Allahin all
                   a
   It is therefore a dUty on the writer to ...
Servantsand forgivessins: and He knowsall that ye
   Servants and forgives sins: and  knows all that ye
   do." (42:25).
 ...
In the N81TIe of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
 ln the Nane ol Nldt, Mdgt Graclous, Magt Merclful

                 ...
it.' Some friends atso soujnt my opinion on having
it. Some friends also sought my opinion on having
 I


 relationships o...
Godlinessto anyoneotherthan Allah;it affirmsthat Allah
Godliness to anyone other than Allah; it affirms that Allah
Alone a...
and Jinnehave beencreatedby Allah in orderto worship
and Jlnns have been created by Allah in order to worship
 Hlm and He ...
It wouldbe like praying someoneelse otherthanAllah
   would be like praying to someone else other than Allah
because prayo...
animalsto them.The purpose whichone doesthis is to
animals to them. The purpose for which one does this is to
            ...
them as liars, infidels, and polytheists;and Allah has
them as liars, infidels, and polytheists; and Allah has
 pre-eminen...
was askedaboutthe peoplewho will be fortunateto enioy
was asked about the people who will be fortunate to enjoy
his interc...
no god exoept   Allahand that Muhammad the prophetof
no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Prophet of
             ...
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  "Say: II seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisherof
  "Say: seek refuge with the ...
believe:a slavewomanwho believesis betterthan an
   believe: a slave woman who believes is better than an
                ...
conduct and character. As regards the believers -- men
conductand character.As rogardsthe belleven men
and women -- they a...
the category of dead animals, although the nameof Allah
the category deadanimals,although name Allah
             of      ...
with po$heism. However, if the p€rson uttering such
with polytheism. However,            person uttering such
words believ...
Prophet(p€acebe upon him) prohibitedconsultation with
Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited consultation      with
Sooths...
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH
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ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH

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ESTABLISHING THE PROOFS REGARDING THE RULE ON THOSE WHO SEEK HELP IN OTHER THAN ALLAH

  1. 1. l-/.dfSTABUSHING TUEWHO SEEK RIGillmGollllR TJIAXUSIINC RIC.{IDI]IC TIIIPROOTI THE PROOfS Rr,'t[ Tr10$ s$ri l]1 RUU ON THOSE ruo HELP IN OTHER 0 lltu ilIT tLLA,'tfi0sllHoStutlT llt TldALlAH OR THOSE WHO BEUEn iN TH&~ 0R dD MRT]JNI TILLIN SOOTHSAYERS AND FORTtJNE TELLERS SOOITSAYIRS BY ms LldlNENCE SIIDKH .'llDL1. A:lJI. II~ ABDL1l.11i DIN 8Al TRA..'I1l:iU.:' r!,D D'l:' Dil. SYED MUHAMMAD MUNA~'WAR SA.lNAR PR1;.ITED A.."iD PUflLlSHflJ BY PRESIDENCY OF ISL.UC RESEARCHES IfTAAl'lD PROPAGATION PRL"JUo,:G .J,.ND TRA.~'SU no~' GE~:('Y RJ YAUH • !G.... aDOM 01' SAL';)I . ll......ll1.... trA(r WAKf (ENoowrE^Tj aMrf (EKDOw~iEJ'oo,T) ORATIF I·~"". If, I ().., n AI)
  2. 2. A ISTABLISHING RIGARDING ESTABLISHING THI PROOFS REGARDING THI THE PROOIS THE RULE THOSE SIEK INOTHER ON THOSE 1VHO HILP OTHER RULE ON WHO SEEK HELP IN THAN ALL$OR THOSI BELIIVI ALLtH THOSE vHO TIIAN OR WHO BELIEVE IN IN SOOTHSAYTRS AND FORTUNE TELLIRS SOOTHSAYERS ND FORTUNE TELLERS BY 8Y IDS EMINENCE SHEIKH ABDUL A11Z BIN ABDULLH BIN BAl HISIMINTNCE SHTKHABDL'I, AZIZBINASDIJTITIH BM 8IN TRANSLANTEDBY TRANSLANTED BY DR. SYED MUHAMMAD MUNAWWAR NAINAR DR. SYED MUHAMMAD MUNAWWAR NAINAR PRINTEDAND PUBLISHED PRIl'.'TED AND PUBLISHED BY BY PRESIDENCY OF ISLAMIC RESEARCHES PRESIDENCYOF ISI.AMIC RESEARCHES IITA AND PROPAGATION IFTAAND PROPAGATION PRINTING AND TRANSLATION AGENCY PzuNTTNG AIID TRANSIATION AGENCY RIYADH. KINGDOMOF ${UDI AIABIA RIYADH· KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA WAKF (ENDOWMEND GRATIF WAKF (ENDOWMENT) GRATIF 1414 H. .1993 3 DA l 4 l 4 H I 9 9 AD
  3. 3. M
  4. 4. ln the Nane of Nlah, Mqst Graclous,MqgtMerclfut In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful II{TRODUCnOil INTRODucnON Pralse be to Allah and Peaceand Blessirqs be on the Praise be to Allah and Peace and Blessings be on the Prophetof Allah;on his famllymembers; Prophet of Allah; on his family members; and on all those and on allthooe who proceedon his path. who proceed on his path. Slne the principle Onenessof Since the principle of Oneness of Allah formed the basis of Allatrformedthebasis d the missionof Muhammad AMullah (on him be the lbn of the mission of Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (on him be the best of blesslngs and peace)and sincethis missionis in best of blessings and peace) and since this mission is in fact a continuationof the missionsof the prophets who fact a continuation of the missions of the Prophets who precededhim as stated by Allah ln the Holy Quran: preceded him as stated by Allah in the Holy Curan: "For We assuredlysent amongst every people an "For We assuredly sent amongst every people an Apostle,(withthe command), Apostle, (with the command), serve Allah and eschew serveAllah and eschew Evil" (16:36), Evil" (16:36), and slnce opposilion to heresy and falsehood in its and since opposition to heresy and falsehood in its variousmanifestations, formedthe core this Faith, is various manifestations, formed the core of this Faith, it is a dutyon everyMuslim be wellinformed to duty on every Muslim to be well informed abouthis religion about his religion and to worshipAllah as ordained and to worship Allah as ordainedby the lslamicSharia. the Islamic Sharia. The Muslims of tho previousgenerailonshad a clear The Muslims the previous generations had clear concaptregarding concept regarding their religionbecauseall their beliefs, their religion because all their beliefs, actions and dealingswere in accordancewith the Holy actions and dealings were accordance with the Holy Quran and the Pure Traditions. Curan and the Pure Traditions. Lateron, mostof the Muslimsdeviated fromthis Straight Later on, most the Muslims deviated from this Straight Path- the path of the Bookand the Tradition and fetl Path - the path the Book and the Tradition - and fell - apartinto factionsand groupsin all matterspertainingto apart into factions and groups matters pertaining to religionas well as polilics and the laws regulatingtheir religion as well politics and the laws regUlating their (t) (I)
  5. 5. daily lives. As a result,there came into existenceheretical daily lives. result, there came existence heretical innovations, falsehoods,magic and witchcraft.All these innovations, falsehoods, magic and witchcraft. these things servedas easy loopholes the enemiesof lslam things served as easy loopholes for enemies Islam to attack lslam and its followers. to attack Islam and followers. The Ulema (learned scholars)of lslam have, in all The Ulema (learned scholars) Islam have, all periods of history, past and present, periods history,past and present, cautioned through cautioned us through their writings against these innovations.This booklet their writings against these innovations. This booklet entlled (Establlshlng proofs regardlng entlledcc Establishing the proofs regarding the Rule the the Rule on those who seekHelpIn other than Allah on those who seek Help In otherthan Altahor those those who BelleveIn Soothsayers who Believe In Soothsayers and FortuneJellersu and Fortune.Tellersll by His Eminence Sheikh Abdul Azlz bln Abdulla bln HIs EmlnenceShelkh Abdul Azlz bin Abdulla bin Baz,conslsts threeessays: Baz, consists of three essays: 1. The Regulation governing Seeking of Help from 1. The Regulation governing the S€€king Helpfrom the the Prophet (peace be upon him). the Prophet (peace be upon him). 2. The Regulationgoverning Seeking Helpfrom 2. The Regulation governing the Seeking of Help from the Jinns and Satan and making vows to them. Jinns and Satan and making vows them. 3. The Regulation regarding Worship through certain 3. The RegulationregardingWorshipthrough certain which are derived from Hereticaland Innovations which are derived from Heretical and Innovations Polytheistic beliefs. Polytheistic beliefs. The Presidency the Directorates lslamicResearch of of The Presidency of the Directorates of Islamic Research lftah, Dawah and Guidancehas the pleasureto place Iftah, Dawah and Guidance has the pleasure to place as beforethe reader booklet a contribution this towards the before the reader this booklet as a contribution towards the enlightenment the EnglishspeakingMuslimsagainst of enlightenment of the English speaking Muslims against - Heresy and Superstition so that the generalapprecia- Heresy and Superstition - so that the general apprecia- tion and understanding lslam may increase. of tion and understanding of Islam may increase. May Allah,the Almighty makethis booklet use to all of May Allah, the Almighty make this booklet of use to all Muslims;VerilyAllah Muslims; Verily Allah grants suc@ss.And may peacob€ grantssuccess. And may peace be upon Muhammad, Familyand his Companions. his upon Muhammad, his Family and his Companions. (ii) (Ii)
  6. 6. ln the Name Nlah, Mosf Gracious, Most Merciful In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful THE FIRST ESSAY fiE FIRST ESSAY Praisebe to Allahand peaceand blessings uponthe Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon the be t of Allah, the Members of his Family and his Prophe of Allah, Prophet the Members his Family and his ard on all those who proceedon his path' Companions and on all those who proceed on his path. Companions "Al-Muitama" Kuwait,had in The weekly magazine, "AI-Mujtama" of Kuwait, had in The weeklymagazine, A.H.,published poem its issue No. 15 dated 19-4-1390 A.H., published a poem its issueNo. 15 dated19-4-1390 containing invocations the to (peacebe uponhim) Prophet (peace be upon him) containing invocations to the Prophet and appeals to him to help the Ummah and appeltsto himto help (lslamic the Ummah (Islamic commun- commun- ity) and to salvageit from mutualdisaccord disagree- ity) and to salvage it from mutual disaccord and disagree- and The poem signed by someone called Amina,ran as ments. The ments. poemsignedby someone calledAmina, ranas follows: follows: "0 Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue of a World "O Prophetof Allah, come to the rescue World caught in the flames of war, caught in the flames of a war, o Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue ol the Ummah, O Piophetof Allah,@meto the rescueof the Ummah, plungedin the darknessof doubts since long, plunged in the darkness of doubts since long, b Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue of the Ummah o propnetof Allah,cometo the rescueof the Ummah which has lost sight of its vision in the wildemessof which has lost sight of its vision in the wilderness grief... etc. etc." grief ... etc. etc." And the poem concludes with the following And the poem @ncludes lines: with the follOWing lines: "O Prophet Allah,cometo th€ rescu€ the Ummah' "0 Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue of the Ummah, of of plunged the darkness doubtsince plunged in the darkness of doubt since in of long, Pray you! long,Prayyou! viclory as you did at the battleof Badr bring speedy victory as you did at the battle of Badr bring speeOy And Lo! Defeat when you called out to the Almighty, And Lo! Defeat when you calledout to the Atmighty, was tumed to a Glorious was turned to a Gloriou s Victory, Verily Allah hath Victory, Verily Allah hath soldiersYou do not se€." soldiers you do not see." 1
  7. 7. Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the Prophet(peacebe upon him) beseeching Prophet (peace be upon him) beseeching him to rescue him to rescue the Ummahby achievingspoedyvictory;she forgetsor the Ummah by achieving speedy victory; she forgets or ignores the fact that victory is granted by Allah, tne ignores the fact that victory is granted by Allah, the AlmightyAlone andthat ititis not in the hands of Prophet Almighty Alone and that is not in the handsof propher (peacebe uponhim)nor in the handsof anyothercreaiion. (peace be upon him) nor in the hands of any other creation. .Allsh, th€ Almightysays in the Holy euran: .Allah, the Almighty says in the Holy Ouran: "There is no help exceptfrom Allah,theElalted,the "There is no help except from Allah, the Exalted, the Wiso." (3:126). Wise." (3:126). "lf Allah helpsyou, nons can overcomo - "If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; If He you; lf He forgakesyou, who Is there, after that, that can help forsakes you, who ls there,after that, thai can help you?" (3:160). you?" (3:160). It has beenestablished the versesof the Holyeuran by It has been established by the verses of the Holy Ouran and by the consensus of the Ummah that Allah the and by the consensusof the Ummah that Allah the Almighty created all human beings so that they may Almighty created all human beings so that they may worshipHim. He sent the Messengers and revealed the worship Him. He sent the Messengers and revealed the Booksto expoundthe manner worship and the path of Books to expound the manner of worshipand the path of the mission. this regard,Allah, the Almighty statesin the In the mission. In thi.s regard, Allah,the Almightystates in the Holy Quran: Holy Ouran: "l have only created Jinns and men, that They may '" have only createdJinns and men, that They may sorueMe." (51:56) serve Me." (51 :56) "For We assuredly sent amongst every people an .•For We assuredly sent amongst every people an Apostl€,(withthe command),serve Allah,andeschew Apostle, (with the command), serve Allah,and eschew Evil." (16:36). Evil." (16:36). "Not a messenger We sand beforethee wlthout "Not a messenger did We send before thee without did this Inspirationsent by Us to him that there ls no this inspiration sent by Us to him that there is no god but l; thereforeworship and serveMe."(21:25) god but I; therefore worship and serve Me." (21 :25) 2
  8. 8. "Alif, Lam, Ra, (This is) Book with.verses basic "Alif, Lam, Aa, (This is) a Book with verses basic or tuniamental (of established meaning), furthe r ex- fundamental (oi esta6lishedmeanlng)'further ex- plalnedIn detail,from One Who Is Wise and Well· plained In detail, from One Who ls WIse and Well' Acquainted (with all things): (lt teacheth)that ye Acqualnted (with all things): (It teacheth) Allah (Say) Verily , am should worsh ip none but Allah (Say) Verlly I am should worshlp none (sent) unto you from Him to warn and to brlng glad (sent)unto you from Him warn and bring glad t l d l n g s ( 1 :1-2) tidings ." . (111 : 1 ' 2 ) " It is clear from the aboveveniosthat Allah the Almighty It is clear from the above verses that Allahthe Almighty has created human beings and iinns but for one purpose has createdhumanbeingsand jinns but for one purpose only: to worship Him Alone and not to attribute any partner only:to worshipHimAloneand not attribute partner any to itim. And He has said clearly that the to Him. And He has said clearly that the Messengers Messengers (peace and blessings be upon them all) were sent to call (peaceand blessings uponthem all) were sent call b€ worship and to forbid what is contrary to it: the for this worship ior this and to forbid what is contrary it: the verses of the Holy auran are clear and categoricalin veftles of the Holy Quran are clear and categorical statingthat AllahandAllahAloneis be worshipped. This stating that Allah and Allah Alone is to be worshipped' This worsnip implies faithintheOneness worship implies faith in the Onene ss of Allahobedience to of Allah obedience to Him,compiiance His commands of and abstention trom all Him, compliance of His commands and abstention from all that has been forbidden by Him. Allah has ordained these thathasbeen|orbiddenbyHim.A||ahhasordainedthese tenets in numerous verses: tenets in numerousverses: - "And they have been commanded no more than this:to "And they havebeencommanded rnorethanthis: no worsh ip Allah, offering worshipAllah, Himsincere being offerin g Him sincere devotion, being devotion, (98:a) True in Faith," (98:4) Truein Faith." and and "Thy Lordhathdecreed ye worship that nonebut Him"' "Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him." (17:22) (17:22) and and in "Verily it is We Who have revealed Bookto thee "Verily it is We Who have revealed the Book to thee in the Truth:so serveAllahoffering Truth: so serve Allah offering him sincere devotion' him sincere devotion. 3
  9. 9. ls it not to Allahthat sincere devotion is due?" Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due?" (39:1421 (39:142) The versesdealingon this conceptare abundantin the The verses dealing on this concept are abundant in the Holy Quran.They all point to the necessity sincerityin Holy Ouran. They all point to the necessity of sincerity in of worshipping AllahAloneand to give up worshipping all worshipping Allah Alone and to give up worshipping of all of others includingthe Prophets.There is no doubt that others including the Prophets. There is no doubt that "Dua" (lnvocation) a vital and comprehensive is "Dua" (Invocation) is a vital and comprehensive form ofform of worship; is to be addressed all sincerity AllahAlone it in worship; it is to be addressed in all sincerity to Allah Alone to as Allah the Afmightysays in the Hoty Quran: as Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Ouran: "Callye, thenuponAllahwithsincere "Call ye, then upon Allah with sincere devotion to Him devotion Him to even though the unbelievers may detest it." (40:14) even though the unbelievers may detest it." (40:14) and and "And the placesof worshipare for A[ah (Atone): "And the places of worShip are for Allah (Alone): so so invokenot anyonealong withAilah."(72:19). invoke not anyone along with Allah. " (72:18). This applies all the creations to including prophets This applies to all the creations inclUding the Prophets the (peacebe uponthem)becauso word "Ahad" in Arabic the (peace be upon them) because the word "Ahad" in Arabic is indefinitenoun used in the contextof total nogation. is indefinite noun used in the context of total negation. Therefore,it applies to all except Allah the Almighty. Therefore, it applies to all except Allah the Almighty. Allah the Almightysays: Allah the Almighty says: "Nor call on any,otherthan Allah: - such will nei- "Nor call on any, other than Allah:- such will nei- ther profitthee nor hurt thee." (10:106) therprofit theenor hurtthee."(10:106) This verse is addressed the Prophet(peacebe upon This verse is addressed to the Prophet (peace upon him). him). Needless say, the Prophet (peace Needless to say, the Prophet (peace be upon him) upon him) enpys Divine protection from potytheisticbeliefs; the enjoys Divine protection from polytheistic beliefs; the purposeof this verse is to cautionothers.The Almighty purpose this verse caution others. The Almighty says: says: 4
  10. 10. "lf thou dost, boholdl thou shatt certainly be of tfiose "If thou dost, beholdl thou shalt certainly those who do wrong." (10:106). who do wrong." (10:106). Thus, the foremostamong the mankind,namely the Thus, the foremost among the mankind, namely the Prophet (peace be upon him) has himselfbeen cautioned Prophet(peacebe upon him) has himself been cautioned that if he invokes anyone other thanAllah, he shall be that il ne invokesanyone other than Allah, shall deemed as one who does wrong. What to say of other doemed as one who does wrong. What other human beings? human beings? It must be noted that the word "Zulm" (wrongdcling)is It must be noted that the word "Zulm" (wrong doing) usedin the senseof maior"shirk" that polytheism. Allah used in the sense of major "Shirk" that is polytheisrn' Allah saYs: the Almighty says: the AlmightY "Those who reject the faith-they arethe wrongdoers"' "Thosewho reiectthe faith - they are the wrong doers. " (2:254) Q:2541 and and "Behold, Luqman said to his son by the way ot "Behold, Luqman said to his son by the way of 'O (others) with instruction: my son!joinnot in worship instruction: '0 my son! join not in worship (others) with Allah:for falseworshipis indeed highest the wrong Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong doing.". " 3 1 : 1 3 ) . ( d o i n g (31 :13). It is evident from all these verses that invocationto It is evident from all these verses that invocation to anyoneotherthan Allah whethertheybefromthedeador anyone other than Allah whether they be from the dead or treesor idols,etc.,isan actof joiningotherswith Allah in trees or idols, etc.,is an act of joining others with Allah in worship;it contradicts purpose worshipfor which the of worship; it contradicts the purpose of worship for which Allahhascreated humanbeings thejinnsandhad the and Allah has created the human beings and the jinns and had sentProphets (peace uponthem)andhadrevealed be sent Prophets (peace be upon them) and had revealed the the Divine Messages thattheyconvey messages the so the Divine Messages so that they convey the messages to the to people and callthemto act uponit. Thisis the meaning people and call them to act upon it. This is the meaning of of the phrase "thereis no god except Allah;" this statement the phrase "there is no god except Allah;"this statement 5
  11. 11. affirms that there nothing to be worshipped exceptAllah affirmsthat thereis nothing be worshipped except Allah the Alnnighty. is stated in the Holy Quran: the Alnnighty. lt It stated the Holy Ouran: "That is becauseAllah is the Truth, and because "That is because Allah is the Truth, and because whatever theyinvoke else besides Himis Falsehood." whatever elsethey invoke besides Him is Falsehood." (31:30) (31 :310) This is tlre essence religion, the basicprinciple This is the essence of religion, and the basic principle of and our faith; no worship will be true unlessthis prinolple truly ourfaith;110 worsh$p be trueunless thisprinoft:>le is truly will is accopted.Allah the Almightysays in the Holy Ouran: accepted. Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Quran: "But it has alreadybeen revealed lo thee,- As it was to has alread)J beenrevoaled thee, - As was to those before theo,- "If thou were to ioin (gods with those beforethe6l, - "lf thou were join (gods with Allah), truly fruitless will be thy work (in lifa),and Allah),truly fruitlesswill be thy work (in life), and thou wilt surely be in the ranks of those who lose thou wilt surely be in the ranks of those who lose (allsplritual good)." (39:65) (all spiritual good)." (39:65) and and "" they were to join other Allahs with Him, all they did "lf they were to join otherAllahs withHim, all they did would be in vain for them." (6:88). would be in vain for them." (6:88). The religionof lslam is based on two groat principles: The religion of Islam is ba.$ed on two great principles: 1. That Allah Alone is to be worshipped. 1. That Allah Alone is to be worshipped. 2. That the worship should be accordingto the path 2. That the worship should be according to the path shown by the Prophetof Allah, Muhammad (peace shown by the Prophet of Allah, Muhammad (peace be upon him). be upon him). This is the meaningof the "Shahadah"i.e. the Statement This is the meaning of the "Shahadah" i.e. the Statement of Faith:Thereis no god excsptAllahandthat Muhammad of Faith: Thlsre is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Mesc;enger Allah.Therefore, will be a contradic- it is the Mess;enger of Allah. Therefore, it will be a contradic- of tion of this principleif anyoneinvokesthe dead including tion of this principle if anyone invokes the dead including 6
  12. 12. the Prophets othersor invokesldols,treeaand gtoneg, or the Prophets or others or invokes idols, tree, and stones, otc.andseeksthelrhelpor seekslo galnfavourfromthem etc. and seeks their help or seeks to gain favour from them by.offerlng sacrlflceg anlmalsor vowsor praisefor them of by offering sacrifices of animals or vows or praise for them or prostratesto them. lt wlll be an act of associatlng or prostrates to them. It will be an act of associating others others as Lordsof the creatlonbesldeg Allahthe Almlghg; lt will as Lords of the creation besides Allah the Almighty; It will alsoamountto eottlng of rlvalsto Allahthe Almlghty. up also amount to setting up of rivals to Allah the Almighty. InIn otherwords,lt will be negatlon thlebaslctenet.lt must of other words, It will be a negation of this basic tenet. It must alsob€ mentioned anyono that whoIntroduces rellgion Into also be mentioned that anyone who introduces into religion somethingwhich has not been Permittedby Allah the something which has not been Permitted by Allah the Almlghtywlll be falllngto ablde by the meanlngof the Almighty will be failing to abide by the meaning of the Shahadah that "Muhammad the Messenger Allah." is Shahadah that "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." of Allah the Almightysays: Allah the Almighty says: "And We shall lum to whateverdeedsthey dld (in this "And We shall tum to whatever deeds they did (In this llfe),and We shallmakesuchdeedeas floating dust life), and We shall make such deeds as floating dust scattoredabout." (25:23). scattered about." (25:23). The deedsreferred here,are the deedsof thosewho to The deeds referred to here. are the deeds of those who spent their lives in polytheistic beliefs. spent their lives in polytheistic beliefs. In this category deedsare also included contrived of In this category of deeds are also included all contrived all actionswhich have not been permittedby Allah; these actions which have not been permitted by Allah; these will, actions on the Dayof Judgement, likefloating be dust actions will, on the Day of JUdgement, be like floating dust scattered aboutbecauso was not in accordance the it with scattered about because it was not in accordance with the Divine Guidance. The ProphetMuhammad Divine Guidance. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be (peace be upon him) has said in an authentic Tradition: "He who upon him) has said in an authentic Tradition: "He who innovates in something this matterof ours that is not of it innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected."The above referredlady writer has will have it rejected. ,. The above referred lady writer has addressed invocation the Prophet(peacebe upon an to addressed an invocation to the Prophet (peace be upon him)and callsfor his help.She hastumedawayfromthe him) and calls for his help. She has tumed away from the Lord of the creationsin WhoseHand there is Victoryas Lord of the creations in Whose Hand there is Victory as 7
  13. 13. wellas Defeat,Who Alonebestowshelpor lossor benefit; well as Defeat, Who Alone bestows help or loss or benefit; none other can beneftt nor bestow any such thing. No none other can benefit nor bestow any such thing. No donbt such an action is serious violationand it is doubt such an action is a serious violation and it is a "Shirt" (polytheism), consequon@s which will be the of "Shirk" (polytheism), the consequences of which will be very gravo. Allah the Almighty has commandedus to very grave. Allah the Almighty has commanded us to invoke Him and to seek His help; He has promisedto invoke Him and to seek His help; He has promised to r€spond;ard he has also threatened with dire consequ- respond; and he has also threatened with dire consequ- qro6 all those who are haughty. He says: "And your Lord ences allthooowho are haughty. says:"And your Lord He says:'Callon Me, will answer your(Prayer) thosewho says: 'Call on Me, I will answer your (Prayer) but those who but are too anogantto serveMe will surelyfind themselves are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in in Hall - in humiliation." (40:60)This versepointsout that Hell - in humiliation." (40:60) This verse points out that invocation formof prayerand whoeveris haughty, is invocation is a form of prayer and whoever is haughty, his his ultimate placeof abode will be Hell. If such is th& C8&e with ultimate place of abo<le be Hell.lf suchis the casewith will regard one who has had the audacity avoidprayingto regard to one who has had the audacity to avoid praying to Allah,what will be the condition of p€rsonwho invokes Allah, what will be the condition of a person who invokes other than Allah while Allah the Almightyis Omnipotent other than Allah while Allah the Almighty is Omnipotent and Omnipresent? The Holy Quran says: and Omnipresent? The Holy Ouran says: "When My servants ask thee ooncemingMe, am "When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeedclose (to them): listento the prayerof every indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant whenhe calleth Me: let themalso,with on suppliant when he calleth on Me: let them also, with a will, listento My call and believe Me:that they may in will, listen to My call and believe in Me: that they may walk on the right way." (2:186). walk on the right way." (2:186). It is narratedin an authentic Traditionthat the Prophet It is narrated in an authentic Tradition that the Prophet (p€acebe uponhim)advisedhiscousinAbdullaBinAbbas (peace be upon him) advised his cousin Abdulla Bin Abbas as follows: as follows: "Remember you; AllahandHewillremember remember "Remember Allah and He will remember you; remember Allahand ye shallfind him in yourpath;lf ye ask,ask Allah and ye shall find him in your path; If ya ask, ask from Allah;and if ye seek help, seek from Allah." from Allah; and if ye seek help, seek from Allah." 8
  14. 14. And he also said, And he also saicl, "He, who dies while prayingto someoneas rival to "He, who dies while praying to someone as rival to Allah,the reward sucha personshallbe the fire of Allah, the reward for such person shall the fire Hell." (narrated lmam Bukhari). Hell." (narrated by Imam Bukhari). In another Tradition the Prophet (peace uponhim)said In another Tradition Prophet the (peace be upon him) said be in an answerto a queryas to whichis the greatestsin: an answer query which the greatest sin: "To make somooneas rival to Allah,who has created make someone rival Allah, who has created you." you." So, anyonewho praysto otherthan Allah,sesks his help So, anyone who prays other than Allah, seeks his help or givesofferingto him or slaughters animalor otfersa gives offering him slaughters an animal an offers prayer to him will be adoptingsomeoneas rival to Allah' prayerto him will be adopting someone as rival to Allah, devout p€rson whetherhe be a Prophet or a devoutperson or a king or whether he be Prophet king or jinn or an idolor anything else.As regards, hvocationto jinn or an idol or anything else. As regards, invocation to a p€rsonwho is aliveand presentbeforeyou, it is not an act person who is alive and present before you, it is not an act of shirk(associationism) because is quitenormaltoseek it of shirk (associationism) because it is quite normal to seek the help ol those aroundyou in matterspertaining the to the help of those around you in matters pertaining to the material life to the extent possible;it is a normal and material life to the extent possible; it is a normal and practiceamongMuslims. Allah the Almighty sanctioned practice among Muslims. Allah the Almighty sanctioned says in the Holy Ouran: says in the HolYQuran: In the story pertaining Moses:"Now the man of his to In the story pertaining to Moses: "Now the man of his ownpeople appealed himagainst to hisfoe."(28:15). own people appealed to him against his foe." (28:15). versepertaining alsoto the storyof Moses, and in another verse pertaining also to the story of Moses, and in another Allah the AlmightY saYs: Allah the Almighty says: got "He therefore, away therefrom, lookingabout,in a "He therefore, got away therefrom, looking about, in a state of fear." (28:20). state of fear." (28:20). seeks helpof hisfellownuman the beings at Man therefore seeks the help of his fellow numan beings at Mantherefore 9
  15. 15. tlmesof war or at tlmesof dlfflcultles occurto hlmand that times of war or at times of difficulties that occur to him and whlchrequlrethehelpol otherg. Allahorderedhls prophet which require the help of others. Allah ordered his Prophet (peacebeupon him) to convey to the people that he (the (peace be uponhlm)to conveyto the peoplethat ho (the Prophet)doeg not possossfor anyone any good nor any Prophet) does not possess for anyone any good nor any harm. The Holy Quran statos: harm. The Holy Ouran states: "Say: do no morethanlnvokemy Lord,and join not "Say: II do no more than invoke my Lord, and Iljoin not wlth Him any (false god ).,' with Him any (false god)." "Say: lt ls not In my powerto causeyou harm,or to "Say: It Is not In my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to right conduct."(72:20,211. bring you to right conduct." (72:20,21). and and "Say: haveno poweroveranygoodor harmto myself "Say: II have no power over any good or harm to myself exceptas Allahwllleth. I had knowledge lf except as Allah willeth. If I had knowledge of of the unseen, I should have mulilplledall the unseen, I should have multiplied all good,and no evil shouldhavetouched good, and no evil should have touched me: Ime: am but warner,and bringerof glad ild- am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tid· Ingsto thosewho havefaith."(7:1gg). Ings to those who have faith." (7:188). TheQuranic The Ouranic verses thisconcept manyin number. verses on this concept aremany in number. on are The Prophet(peacebe upon him) neverinvokedanyone The Prophet (peace be upon him) never invoked anyone other than Allah and he never sought help from anyone other than Allah and he never sought help from anyone other than Him; he beseeched other than Him; he beseeched Allah the Almightyduring Allah the Almighty dUring the battleof Badr and asked Him for victoryagainstthe the battle Badr and asked Him victory against the onemy;he persistently enemy; he persistently prayed Himsaying"O Lord,fulfill prayed to Him saying "0 Lord, fulfill for me your promise."He kept repeating for me your promise." He kept repeating thesewordsto these words the extentthat his friendand companion the extent that his friend and companion Abu Bakrsaid: Abu Bakr said: "May it sufficeyou, O Prophetof Allah;verilyAllahwill "May suffice you, 0 Prophet of Allah; verily Allah will fulfillHis promiseto you." In this context,Allah revealod fulfill His promise to you." In this context, Allah revealed the followingverse of the Holy Quran: the following verse of the Holy Ouran: 10
  16. 16. "Rememberye imploredthe assistanceof your Lord, "Remember ye implored the assistance of your Lord, and He answered you: "l will assist you with a and answered you: "I will assist you with a thousand the angels, of ranks on ranks." Allahmadeit thousand of the angels, rankson ranks." Allah made ~ but a messageof hope, and an assuranoo your but message hope, and assurance to your heartrs: any case)there is no helpexcaptfromAllah, hearts: (in case) there help except from Allah: And Allahis Exaltedin PowerWse." (8:9,10). And Allah Exalted Power Wise." (8:9,10). ThusAllahthe Almightyreminds them of their call for Thus Allah the Almighty reminds them their call for helpand how He responded themby sendingreinforce- help and how He responded to them sending reinforce- mentsof Angelsto them and that victoryis not from the ments Angels them and that victory not from the Angels, but the Angelswere sentonly to conveythe good Angels, but the Angels were sent only convey the good nsws of victory and contentment. says: news victory and contentment. He says: He "Victory is but from Allah." (3:126) "Victoryis but from Allah." (3:126) and and "Allahhad helped you at Badr, whenyo were con' "Allah had helped you at Sadr, when ye were a con- force;then fearAllah;thus mayye show temptible force; then fear Allah; thus may ye show temptible (3:1 your gratitude." 23), your gratitude." (3:123). Thus Allah grantedhelp at the Battle of Badr; the Thus Allah granted help at the Battle of Badr; the weapons,the powerto fight and the Angelswere all the weapons, the power to fight and the Angels were all the factorsthat broughtvictory and glad tidings;They were factors that brought victory and glad tidings; They were only the meansby which the Divinevictorywas granted; only the means by which the Divine victory was granted; fromAllahonly. So how couldthe lady victory is therefore from Allah only. So how could the lady victoryis therefore wriler referredto above or anyone else seek help and writer referred to above or anyone else seek help and victory from the Prophet(peace be upon him) and turn victory from the Prophet (peace be upon him)· and turn away from the Lord of all creationswho is Omnipresent away from the Lord of all creations who is Omnipresent and Omnipotent? and Omnipotent? onlybetrays ignorance its worst in No doubt, this attitude only betrays ignorance in its worst No doubt,this attitude is a maloract of Shirk(associationism). forms and indeed it is a major act of Shirk (associationism). formsand indeedit 111 1
  17. 17. It is therefore duty on the writerto repentto Allahin all a It is therefore a dUty on the writer to repent to Allah in all sincerity and to never repeat such a mistake. Sincere sincerity and to never repeat such a mistake. Sincere repentancerequirestotal convictionand complianceto repentance requires total conviction and compliance to what has beenordainedby Allah.And if the repentance what has been ordained by Allah. And if the repentance is is with regardto the rightsof any fellowhumanbeings,such with regard to the rights of any fellow human beings, such rightsshouldbe retumedto whomthey belongor he (the rights should be returned to whom they belong or he (the repentant)should obtain an acquitalthereof.Allah has repentant) should obtain an acquital thereof. Allah has orderedHis worshippers repentand He has promised to ordered His worshippers to repent and He has promised a@eptanceof their repentance.He says in the Holy acceptance of their repentance. He says in the Holy Quran: Quran: "And O ye Believersl turn ye all together "And 0 ye Believers! turn ye all together towards towards Allah, ye may attain bliss." (24:31) Allah, that ye mayattain that bliss."(2a:31) and Allah says with regard to the Christians: and Allah says with regard to the Christians: "Why turn they not to Allah,and seekHis forgive- "Why turn they not to Allah, and seek His forgive- ness? For Allah is oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." ness? For Allah is oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." (5:7a) (5:74) and Allah says: and Allah says: "Those who lnvoke not,wlthAllah,anyotherAllah,nor "Those who Invoke not, with Allah, any other AlIah,nor slaysuchllfeasAllahhasmade sacred, for except Just slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for Just - cause,nor commltfornlcatlon; and any that does cause, nor commit fornication; - and any that does this (notonly)meetsPunishment (but)the Penalty this (not only) meets Punishment (but) the Penalty on on the Day of Judgement be doubled him, and he will to the Day of Judgement will be doubled to him, and he - will dwell thereinin ignominy. Unlesshe repents, will dwell therein in ignominy. - Unless he repents, belleves, worksrlghteous and deeds, Allahwlll for believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will changethe evil of such personsinto good,andAllah change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah isis Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful."(25:68,69,70) Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." (25:68,69,70) and Allah says: and Allah says: "He is the One that accepts repentance from His is the One that accepts repentancefrom His 12 12
  18. 18. Servantsand forgivessins: and He knowsall that ye Servants and forgives sins: and knows all that ye do." (42:25). do." (42:25). The Prophet (pe'acebe upon him) has said: The Prophet (pe'ace upon him) has said: "lslam obliterates all that has procooded it; and "Islam obliterates that preceeded and rep€ntanceerases all the earlier (wrong)actions." repentance erases all the earlier (wrong) actions." In this brief essay, I have sought to explain the this brief essay, have sought explain the magnitude and danger the sin Shirk and (associationism) magnitude dangerof the sin of Shirk (associationism) because is one of the majorsins. lt is my earnestdesire because it one the major sins. It my earnest desire that the readersshould understand issue in its right that the reaqers should understand the issue in its right the perspective and should not be misled by such writers. perspective and should not be misled by such writers. In conclusion,pray to Allahthe Almighty make these In conclusion, I pray Allah the Almighty to makethese few wordsof use to Muslims and may He reform us alland few words use Muslims and may He reformus all and proceedalways on the right path and fortify us make us proceed alwayson the right path and fortify us make us with the knowledgeof Religion and steadfastnessin with the knowledge of Religion and steadfastness in adheringto it. May Atlah protect us from the evils of adhering to it. May Allah protect us from the evils of ourselvesand from our bad actions. Verily He is the ourselves and from our bad actions. Verily He is the Peaceand blessings Allah be of Protector and Sustainer. Peace and blessings of Allah be Protector and Sustainer. Muhammadand the upon His Slave and Messenger Muhammad and the upon His Slave and Messenger Membersof his Famityand his Companions. Members of his Family and his Companions. ••• OOO 133 1
  19. 19. In the N81TIe of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful ln the Nane ol Nldt, Mdgt Graclous, Magt Merclful T}IE SECOI{DE88AV THE SECOND ESSAY FromAbdulAzlzbln AMullahbln Bazto thosoMuallms From Abdul Allz bin Abdullah bin Baz to those Muslims -may Allah bless them and me - who adhere to the - may Allah blessthem and me- who adhereto the Rellglon Allahand remaln of to Religion of Allah and remain committed to It. Amen. commltted lt. Amen. MayPeace, Morcy Bleoelnge Allahbouponyouall. and ol May Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you all. Some frlends sought know to frommeabout ac'tlong the Some friends sought to know from me about the actions of eome unlnformed Brethren ourRellglon. of Theystated of some uninformed Brethren of our Religion. They stated that thegepeople,at Umeg calamliles, of Invd<e that these people, at times of calamities, Invoke certaincertaln forcesand eeekthelr help;they Invoke Ingtence, for forces and seek their help; they Invoke for Instance, the the Jlnns glvedferlnge sacrlficea anlmale them; end and of to Jlnns and give offerings and sacrifices of animals to them; eomeof they cry out aaylng'O you Seventake hlml', some of they cry out saying '0 you seven take hlml', meanlng thereby Seven Chlefs the Jlnng. of Theymlght meaning thereby seven Chiefs of the Jlnns. They might also say, 'O you SevenInfllc.t hlm such and such on also say, '0 you seven Inflict on him such and sudr thlngs... breakhls bones, drlnkhis blood, things ... break his bones, drink his blood, mutilate hls mutlatehis body.' Some themmaygay,'O theJlnnof noon of body.' Some of them may say, '0 the Jlnn of noon tme, O time, 0 the Jinnof Asr (evening) takehim". Suchprac'ticee theJlnn of Asr (evening) time take him". Such practices tme areprevalent some thesouthem ln of are prevalent In some of the southem areas. In addition areas. addition to In to those, thereis alsothe Invoking the dead, Including the those, there Is also the Invoking of the dgad,irrcluding of the Propheb, noble the Prophets, the noble souls and Angels others. souls Angels andothers. Theyare and and They are invoked theirhelpis sought, and unfortunately, many invoked and their help Is sought, unfortunately, by many by who professthe Faith of lslam. They do so due who profess the Faith of Islam. They do so due to ignorance dueto thedesire imitate follow what and ignorance and due to the desire to Imitate ard followwhat and was practisedby their forefathers; some of them may was practised by their forefathers; some them may justify their ac'tions saying, 'thisis something in vogue: Justify actions by sayrng, is something vogue: their by 'this in we do not mean anything it nordo we haveanyfaithin we do notmeananything by It nor do we have any faith In by 15 15
  20. 20. it.' Some friends atso soujnt my opinion on having it. Some friends also sought my opinion on having I relationships of maniage with people known for such relationships of marriage with people known for such actionsand on acceptingtheir offerings; otferingprayers actions and on accepting their offerings; offering prayers for them, prayrng behind them and about belief in for them, praying behind them and about belief in magicians and soothsayers magicians and soothsayers who II was told, claim know- who was told, claim know- ledge of the sicknessof a personand the reasonsof the ledgeof the sickness of a person and the reasons of the sicknossby merelycastinga look at anythingon the bocly sickness by merely casting a look at anything on the body of the patient such as a turban, pyjamas,veil, etc. of the patient such as a turban, pyjamas, veil, etc. In answer to the above, wish to stiatethe following:- In answer to the above, II wish to state the following:- Praisebe to Allah the One and OnlyAllahand blessings Praise be to Allah the One and Only Allah and blessings and peaceuponthe Prophet Allah,who was the last of of and peace upon the Prophet of Allah, who was the last of all Prophets; poacoand blessings alsouponhis family,his all Prophets; peace and blessings also upon his family, his companions on allthose who willabideby the pathof and companions and on all those who will abide by the path of right guidanceuntil the Day of Judgement. right guidance until the Day of Judgement. Verily,Allahthe Almighty createdthe humanbeings has Verily, Allah the Almighty has created the human beings and the Jinnsin orderto worshipHim and to abstainfrom and the Jinns in order to worship Him and to abstain from worshipping, invoking,seekingthe help and givingoffer- worshipping, invoking, seeking the help and giving offer- ings and sacrifices and to otferallother worships none to ings and sacrifices and to offer all other worships to none other than Him. Allah has sent the Messengers guideto other than Him. Allah has sent the Messengers to guide the people to this task and He revealedthe Heovenly the people to this task and He revealed the He!.venly BoDks, the greatestof which is the Holy Ouran. It was Books,the greatest which is the Holy Quran. lt was revealedin order conveythis messageand to preach revealed in order to convey this message and to preach and work for besidescautioning the peopleagainst and to work for it besides cautioning the people against "Shirk" (associationism) Allah and against the wor- "Shirk" (associationism) with Allah and againstthe wor- with shippingof anyoneother than Him.This is the purportof shipping anyone other than Him. This the purport the Statement faith: "There is no god exceptAllah"; it the Statement of faith: "There no god except Allah"; clearlysetsout the principle thereis no one elseto be clearly sets out the principle that there no one else be that worshipped worshipped exceptAllah; thus it negatesthe conceptof except Allah; thus negates the concept 16
  21. 21. Godlinessto anyoneotherthan Allah;it affirmsthat Allah Godliness to anyone other than Allah; it affirms that Allah Alone and non€ other than Allah is to b€ worshipped' Alone and none other than Allah is to be worshipped. There are ampleevidenceson this in the HolyQuranand There are ample evidences on this in the Holy Ouran and in the Traditions of the Prophet (peacebe uponhim)'Allah of in theTraditions the Prophet (peace be upon him). Allah says in the Holy Ouran: says in the HolYQuran: "I have only created Jinnsandmen,thattheymayserve "l haveonlycreated Jinns and men, that they may serve Me." (51:56) Me." (51 :56) and and "Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship nonebut Him"' "Thy Lordhathdecreed ye worship that none but Him." (17:23) (17:23) and and "And they have been commanded no more thanthis:To "Andtheyhavebeencommanded morethan this: To no worshlp Allah, offerlng devotion, belng worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotlon, Hlmslncere being true(lnlalth)." (98:05) true (In faith)." (98:05) and and "And your Lord says: "Call on Me; will answeryour "And your Lord says: "Call on Me; II will answer your (Praye$:but those who are too arrogantto serve Me (Prayer): but those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surelyfind thems€lves Hell, in humiliation!" in will surely find themselves in Hell, in humiliation!" (a0:60) (40:60) and and "When My servants ask thee concerning Me, II am "When My servantsask thee concemingMe, am indeedclose(to them): listento the prayerof every indeed close (to them): II listen to the prayer of every when he callethon Me." (2:186) suppliant when he calleth on Me." (2:186) supptiant It is clearfromthe aboveverses thatthe humanbeings It is clear from the above verses that the human beings 177 1
  22. 22. and Jinnehave beencreatedby Allah in orderto worship and Jlnns have been created by Allah in order to worship Hlm and He has ordainedthat non6 other than He be Him and He has ordained that none other than He be worshlpped. The Dlvlne Commandment worshipped. The Divine Commandment has been con· has b€€n con- veyedln the HolyQuranthroughthe Prophets (peacebe veyed In the Holy Ouran through the Prophets (peace be uponthem)that peopleshouldworshtp One and Only upon them) that people should worship the One and Only the Allahand that Invocatlon Allah ls an lmportant Allah and that invoca~on to Allah is an Important form of to form ot worship; whoever Is too arrogant to offer this worship shall worghlp; whoever too arogant to offerthls worshlpshall ls be doomed to the fire of Hell. Allah also says in the Holy be doomedto th6 flre of Hell.Altahalso says in the Holy Quran that: Ouran that: "When My servants ask thee concemingMe, I am "When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am Indeedclose (to them): llstento the prayerof every indeed close (to them): II listen to the prayer of every suppllant when he callethon Me." (2:186) suppliant when he calleth on Me," (2:186) Hence, is a dutyon allthe worshippers invoke it Hence, It Is a dUty on all the worshippers to invoke Allah to Allah the One and Only God because such invocafion form the One and Only God because such invocation Is a form ls of worshlp whlchtheyhavebeencreated for of worship for which they have been created and comman- and comman- ded to act upon. The Holy Quran says: ded to act upon. The Holy Ouran says: "Say: 'Truly my prayerand my serviceof sacrifice, my "Say: 'Truly my prayer and my service ol sacrifice, my llfeanddeath, allfor(Allah), Cherlsher of are life and death, are all for (Allah), theCherlsher the of 'No partner hath He; thus am the Worlds:' 'No partnerhath He; thus am I the Worlds:' commanded, and am the first those who bow commanded, and I am the firstof thosewho bow lo His Will.'(6:162,163). to His Will.' (6:162,163). Allah has orderedHis Prophet(peacebe upon him) to Allah has ordered His Prophet (peace be upon him) inform the peoplethat his prayer and service informlhe people that his prayerand serviceof sacrifice sacrifice and life and death are all for Allah, the Lord all creations and life and deathare afl for Allah,the Lordof all creations who has no partner. 'service sacrifice' here who has no partner. The phrase,'service of sacrifice'here The phrase, refersto the offeringof animalas sacrifice; if anyone refers the offering animal sacrifice; so anyone offersa sacrifice otherthan Allah,he then commitsan offers sacrifice to other than Allah, he then commits an act of "Shirk",that is associating someone elsewithAllah; act "Shirk", that associating someone else with Allah; 18 18
  23. 23. It wouldbe like praying someoneelse otherthanAllah would be like praying to someone else other than Allah because prayorandsacrifice because have equal importance in the prayer and sacrifice haveequalimportance the Divineestimationandthey are to be for Attahthe One and Divine estimation and they Allah One and Only God.:lf anyoneoffersa sacrifice otherthan Allah Only God.: If anyone offers sacrifice to other than Allah suchas the Jinns,the Angels,andthe Deadandothersin such as the Jinns, the Angels, and the Dead and others an attomptto seek neam€ssto thom,thon he is like a an attempt seek nearness them, then he like porsonwho prays other than Allah. The Prophet (poaco person who praysto otherthanAllah.The Prophet (peace be upon him) has, as por an authenticTraditionsaid: be upon him) has, as per an authentic Tradition said: "Curse of Allahbe upon thos€who offersacrifice other "Curseof Allah be uponthose who offer sacrifice to other than Allah." Imam Ahmadhas,on the authority Tariqbin thanAllah." lmamAhmad has, on the authority of Tariq bin Shihabnarated that the Prophet (p€ac€be uponhim)had Shihab narrated thatthe Prophet (peace be upon him) had said: "Two men passed by a people who had an idol to said: "Two men passedby peoplewho had an idol which an offering had to be made by whoeverpassedby which an offeringhad to be madeby whoever passed by that idol. The people asked one of the two p€rsons give that idol.The peopleaskedone of the two persons to give some offering, he said, that he had nothing to offer;they some offering,he said,that he had nothingto offer; they told him that he may offer anything, even a small fly; so th€ toldhimthathe mayofferanything, even smattfly;so the mangavea fly as an otfering and he was allowod pass. man gave a fly as an offering and he was allowed to pass. to But his doom was the fire of Hell. But his doom was the fire of Hell. Thesecondperson was alsoaskedto do accordingly The second person was also asked to do accordingly butbut that p€rsonrefusedby atfirmingthat he will not give as that person refused by affirming that he will not give as otferingto anyoneotherthan Allah.On his refusal,those offering to anyone other than Allah. On his refusal. those people histhroatand killedhim,buthis ultiamte cut abode people cut his throat and killed him, but his ultiamte abode was Paradise."lt can be noled from this narrationthat was Paradise." It can be noted from this narration that whoevergives an offeringto an idol, thoughit might be whoever gives an offering to an idol, though it might be only a fly, will be associatingsomeoneelse as partnerto only a fly, will be associating someone else as partner to Allahandtherefore dss€rves punishment Hell.So what in Allah and therefore deserves punishment in Hell. So what to say of thosewho invokethe Jinns,the Angelsand the to say of those who invoke the Jinns, the Angels and the piouspeople, seekingtheirhelp,offering vowsto thomand pious people, seeking their help, offering vows to them and tryingto gain proximity givingsacrifices of trying to gain proximity with them by giving sacrifices with them by of t9 19
  24. 24. animalsto them.The purpose whichone doesthis is to animals to them. The purpose for which one does this is to for protecthis wealth or cure his illness or the safety of his protect his wealth or cure his illnessor the safetyof his cattleand his fields;he may also do that out of fear of the cattle and his fields; he may also do that out of fear of the Jinns. Such peoplebecomemore deserving torturein Jinns. Such people become more deserving of torture in of the Hell than that personwho killeda fly as an offeringto the Hell than that person who killed a fly as an offering to the idol. The Holy Quran says: the idol. The Holy Ouran says: "Verily it is We Who have revealed Bookto thee in "Verily it is We Who have revealed the Book to thee in the Truth: serveAllah, so offerlng slncere Hlm Truth: so serve Allah, offering Him sincere devotion. Is devotlon. ls It notto Allahthatslncere devotlon due?Butthose It not to Allah that sincere devotion Is due? But those ls who takefor protectors others thanAllah(say): who take for protectors others than Allah (say): "We"We onlyserve themIn order thattheymaybrlngus nearer only serve them In order that they may bring us nearer to Allah TrulyAllah wlll ludge between themIn that to Allah Truly Allah will Judge between them In that whereln theydlffer.ButAllahguldesnot suchas are wherein they differ. But Allah guides not such as are false ungrateful." and (39:2,3). false and ungrateful." (39:2,3). and and "Theyserve,besldes Allah,thlngsthat hurtthemnot "They serve, besides Allah, things that hurt them not norprofltthem, theysay:"These our Interces- and nor profltthem, and they say: "These areourInterces- are sors wlth Allah."Say:"Do ye Indeed InformAllah sors with Allah." Say: "Do ye Indeed Inform Allahof something He knows not, in the heavens or on garth? something knowsnot, in the heavens on earth? He - Glory to Himl and far is He above the partners they - Gloryto Himl and far is He abovethe partnersthey ascribe(to Him)." (10:18). ascribe (to Him)." (10:18). We leam from the abovetwo verses that We learn from the above two versesthat the polytheists polytheists had taken in lieu Allah. some creations as their friends had taken in lieu of Allah.some creationsas their friends and protectors;they and protectors; they worshipped worshipped themand invoked them and invoked themin them awe and reverance and offered sacrifioeand vows under awe and reveranceand offered sacrifice and vows under the assumption the assumption. that those friends and protectors that those friends and protectors act as intercessorsand take them nearer intercessors and take them nearer to Allah. Allah the Allah. Allah Almighty has proved their falsehood and has described Almighty has proved their falsehood and has described 20 20
  25. 25. them as liars, infidels, and polytheists;and Allah has them as liars, infidels, and polytheists; and Allah has pre-eminently transcended pre-eminently transcended above the cult of polytheism. abovethe cuh of polytheism. The Holy Quran states: The Holy Ouran states: "- Gloryto Hlmlandfar ls Heabove partners "- Glory to Him! and far Is He above the partners they the they ascribe(to Him)|" (10:18). ascribe (to Him)!" (10:18). It is thus clearthat whoevertakesa kingor a prophetor It is thus clear that whoever takes a king or a Prophet or a Jinn or a stone or a tree for the purposeof invocation a Jinn or a stone or a tree for the purpose of invocation along with Allah and seeks their help or tries to gain along with Allah and seeks their help or tries to gain neamessto them by otferingvows and sacrificesin the nearness to them by offering vows and sacrifices in the hop€that they may intercede withAllahon his behalf,or in hope that they may intercede with Allah on his behalf, or in the hopeof geting curedfrom someillness,of safeguard- the hope of getting cured from some illness, of safeguard- ing of wealthor safetyfor a personwho is awayor for any ing of wealth or safety for a person who is away or for any other purpose, commits the major crime of "Shirk" other purpose, commits the major crime of "Shirk" (associationism) regarding which Allah states: (associationism) regarding which Allah states: "Allahforgiveth that partners not shouldbe set up "Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him;but He forgiveth anything with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom else, whom He pleaseth; set up partners to with Allah is de- He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allahis to de. vise sin mostheinous vise a sin most heinous indeed." (4:4g) indeed." (4:48) and and "Whoever loins othergods with Allah,- Allah will "Whoeverjoins other gods with Allah, - Allah will forbid him The Garden, and the Fire will be his forbid him The Garden, and the Fire will be his abode. Therewill,for the wrong-doers, no one abode. There will, for the wrong-doers, be be one t o help.". " 5 :72) 1 to h e l p ( 7 2 (5: On the Day of Judgement On the Day JUdgement intercession be granted intercession will be granted will the peoplewho believe the on€n€ss Allahand onlyto the people who believe in the oneness of Allahand only abideby it sincerely; willnotbe granted thepolytheists abide by sincerely; it will not be granted to the polytheists as statedby the Prophet(peacebe upon him),when he stated by the Prophet (peace upon him), when he 21 21
  26. 26. was askedaboutthe peoplewho will be fortunateto enioy was asked about the people who will be fortunate to enjoy his intercession, said, "Whoeversayswith all sincerity his intercession, he said, "Whoever says with all sincerity he of his heart that there is no god but Allah only;" The of his heart that there is no god but Allah only;" The Prophet also said, "Every Prophet has an invocation that Prophetalso said, "Every Prophethas an invocationthat will be answered;and every Prophet hastenedin his will be answered; and every Prophet hastened in his invocation,but I withheld my invocationso that I may invocation, but withheld invocation so that may intercedefor my peopleon the Day of Judgement:Allah intercede for people Day JudgementAllah willing, my invocation also includethoseof my nation willing, invocation will also include those will nation who died without setting up partnersto Allah." who died without setting partners Allah." The polytheists the early periodbelievedin Allah as The polytheists of the early period believed Allah their Lord, Creator, and Sustainer but they relied on their Lord, Creator, and Sustainer but they relied Prophetsand friends and protectors, Angels,trees and Prophets and friends and protectors, Angels, trees and stones,etc. in the hope of gainingtheir intercession with stones, etc. in the hope of gaining their intercession with Allah and nearness to Him as said in the versesquoted Allahandnearness Him as said in the verses quoted to above.Allahdid not pardonthem nor the Prophet(peace above. Allah did not pardon them nor the Prophet (peace be uponhim).Indeed Allahhas renounced themand has be upon him). Indeed Allah has renounced them and has them as infidelsand polytheists.Allah has also described them as infidels and polytheists. Allah has also described disprovedtheir claim that those gods will intercedefor disproved their claim that those gods will intercede for themwith Allahand takethem nearerto Him:the Prophet them with Allah and take them nearer to Him: the Prophet (peacebe upon him) has fought battlesagainstthem in (peace be upon him) has fought battles against them in orderto rnakethemworshipAllahthe One and OnlyAllah. order to make them worship Allah the One and Only Allah. ln doing so, the Prophet (p€ace be upon him) acted In doing so, the Prophet (peace be upon him) acted acoordingtho Divine wish stated in the Holy Quran: according the Divine wish stated in the Holy Ouran: "And fight them on until there is no more tumult or "And fight them on until there is no more tumult or and there prevailjusticeand faith inAllah oppression, and there prevail justice and faith inAllah oppression, altogetherand everywhere."(8:39). altogether and everywhere." (8:39). And the Prophet(peacebe upon him) has said: "l have And the Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: '" have beenordered fightpeopleuntiltheywitness to thatthereis been ordered to fight people until they witness that there is 22
  27. 27. no god exoept Allahand that Muhammad the prophetof no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Prophet of is Allahand performthe prayers, glvethe ,,Zekat"(poortax); Allah and perlorm the prayers, give the "lakat" (poor tax); ll theydo so, they shallenfoysafetyfrom me tn itretrilves If they do so, they shall enjoy safety from me in their Jives and wealthexcoptinwhat is due to Islam and they shall be and wealth except In whatis due to lslamandthoyshallbo answerable Allah." The meanlng the phrase,,until to answerable to Allah." The meaning of the phrase "until of they witnegsthat there is no god except Allah" in thls they witness that there is no god except Allah" In this saylng of the Prophetis that they should worshipAilah saying of the Prophet Is that they should worship Allah Only and exclusively. The polytheists Only and exclusively. The polytheists were afraid of the were afraid of the Jinnsandtook refuge in them. In this context, Allah says in Jinns and took refugein them.In this context, Allahsaysin the Holy Quran: the Holy Ouran: "True, there were people among mankindwho took "True, there were people among mankind who took shelter with the personsamong the Jinns, but they shelter with the persons among the Jinns, but they increasedthem in folly." (72:61. increased them in folly." (72:6). The commentators the Holy euran have interpreted of The commentators of the Holy Ouran have interpreted th€ words"increased them in folly" as theirbeingstruck the words "increased them in folly" as their being struck withfearandpanicbecause Jinnsfeel highand mighty the with fear and panic because the Jinns feelhigh andmighty whenthey see human beings seeking refuge in them and when they see humanbeingsseekingrefugein them and so they make themselves(that the Jinns) greater so they make themselves (that is the Jinns) a greater source of fear and panicso that thesehumanbeingsmay sourceof fear and panic that these human beings may increasingly increasingly worshipthem and seek refugein them. But worship them and seek refuge them. But Allahhasguided Muslims seekrefuge Himand in the Muslims to seek refuge in Him and Allah has guided the His complete words.Allah says: His completewords. Allah says: "lf a suggestion "If a suggestion fromSatanassail,they seekrefugewith from Satan assail, they seek refuge with Allah; for He hearethand knoweth(ail things).', Allah; for He heareth and knoweth (all things)." (7:2oo). (7:200). and and "Say:II seekrefuge "Say: seek refuge withthe Lordof the Dawn."(113:1) with the Lord of the Dawn." (113:1) 23
  28. 28. and and "Say: II seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisherof "Say: seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisher of Mankind." (114:1) Mankind." (114:1) It is narratedin an authentictraditionthat the Prophet It is narrated in an authentic tradition that the Prophet (peacebe uponhim)hassaid,"Whoeveralightsat a place (peace upon him) has said, "Whoever alights at a place and says, 'l seek refugein the completewords of Allah and says, 'I seek refuge the complete words of Allah from the evil that He has created'will not be affectedby from the evil that has created' will affected by that place." any harm until his departurefrom that place." any harm until his departure from The personseekingsafetyand protection his religion The person seeking safety and protection of religion andwhowishesto be awayfrom and who wishes be away from "Shirk" (polytheism) its (polytheism) in its in major and minor forms will understandfrom the above major and minor forms will understand from the above quoted verses from the Holy Quran and Sayingsof the quotedvorsesfrom the Holy Ouran and Sayings the Prophet (peace be upon him) thatdevotion the deadand Prophet (p€acebe uponhim)that devotion to the dead and Angels, Jinns, etc. and invocation to them is an act of Angels,Jinns, etc. and invocation them an act pagansand polytheists and it is the worst imitation of the pagans and imitation the of polytheistsand is the worst form of "shirk". It is therefore a bounden duty that they form of "shirk". lt is therefore boundenduty that they keep away from such actions and also advise their keep away from such actions and also advise their brethrenregardingit. Relationships marriageis not of brethren regarding it. Relationships of marriage is not with thosepeoplewho are knownto indulgein admissible with those people who are known to indulge in admissible polytheistic actions;it is also not permissible eat from to polytheistic actions; it is also not permissible to eat from ttriir otferings nor to their offerings nor to pray for them or bohindthem until pray for them or behind them until they repentto Allahthe Almightyand invokeand worship they repent to Allah the Almighty and invoke and worship Atlah only. Invocation(Dua) is worship;it is indeedthe Allah only. Invocation (Dua) is worship; it is indeed the essenoe worship. The Prophet (peacebe uponhim)has essence of worship. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has of "Dua is worship" and according anotherversion to said, "Dua is worship" and according to another version said, "Dua is the core and "Dua is the core and essence of worship." Allah the essenceof worship." Allah the Almightysays: Almighty says: "Do not marryunbelieving women(idolaters)' untilthey "00 not marry unbelieving women (idolaters), until they 24 24
  29. 29. believe:a slavewomanwho believesis betterthan an believe: a slave woman who believes is better than an woman, even though she allures yor. Nor unbelieving woman,eventhoughshe alluresyou. Nor unbelieving marry (your girls) to unbelievers marry until they believe: a (your girls) to unbelievers until they bolieve:a man slavewho believesis betterthan an unbeliever, man slave who believes better than an unbeliever, even though he allures you. Unbelieversdo (but) even though allures you. Unbelievers do (but) beckon you to the Fire. But Allah beckonsby His beckon Fire. Allah beckons by His Grace to the Garden(of Bliss) and forglveness' Grace the Garden (of Bliss) and forgiveness. and makesHis Signs clearto manklnd:that they and makes His Signs clear mankind: they may celebrateHis praise."(22221), may celebrate His praise." (2:221). Allah has forbidden Muslims from marrying unbelieving Allah has forbiddenMuslimsfrom marryingunbelieving women; such womenwho worshipidols,Jinnsand Angels womon;suchwomen who worship idols, Jinns and Angels etc.; marriage is permissiblewith them only if they etc.; marriage is permissible with them only they sincerely believe in and worshipAllah,the One and Only sincerely believein and worship Allah, the One and Only Allah and accept the message conveyed by the Prophet Allahand accopt the mossageconveyed Prophet (peace be upon him) and proceed on the path shown by (peaco be upon him) and proceed the path shown by him. Allah has also forbiddenthe maniage Muslim him. Allah has also forbidden the marriage of Muslim untilthey sincerelybelievein Allah women to unbelievers until they sincerely believe in Allah wornento unbelievers and worshipHim only and acceptthe messageconveyed and worship Him only and accept the message conveyed by the Prophet(peace be upon him). The Holy Quran by the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Holy Quran states that: states that: "A slave woman who believes is better than an ••A slave woman who believes is better than an wotran, even tho.rghshe allures yotr." unbelieving woman, even though she allures you." unbelieving and that a man slave who believes is better than an and that a man slave who believes is better than an eventhoughhe allures you,with his eloquence unbeliever, even though he allures you, with his eloquence unbeliever, of speech, courage and chivalry, etc. Allah has then of speech, courage and chivalry, etc. Allah has then explained the causes for this preferenceover them by explained the causes for this preference over them by saying that they beckon you to the Fire because they saying that they beckon you to the Fire because they belong to the Fire through their words, actions,manners, belong to the Fire through their words, actions, manners, 25 25
  30. 30. conduct and character. As regards the believers -- men conductand character.As rogardsthe belleven men and women -- they are the ones who beckon you to the ard women they are the oneg who beckon you to the Paradlgethrough thelr character,conduc,t, worda and Paradise through their character, conduct, words and deeds. So, how could the lormer be egualto the latter? deeds. So, how could the former be equal to the latter? And with regardto the hypocrltes Allahtho Almighty And with regard to the hypocrites Allah the Almighty says: sap: "Nor do thou evgr pray for any of them that dles, nor "Nor do thou ever pray for any of them that dies, nor stand at hls grave;for they relected 8tand at his gravej for they rejected Allah and His Allah and Hts Messanger, and dled In a gtate of perversere. Me88enger, and died In a state of perverse reo belllon."(9:84) belllon." (9:84) In the above vors€, Alfah the Almighty has statod that In the above verse, Allah the Almighty has stated that one should not offer prayere to the hypocrlte and the one should not offer prayers to the hypocrite and the unbelieverbecauseof their disbeliefIn Aflah and in His unbeliever because of their disbelief In Allah and in His Proph4.One shouldalso not pray behindthem nor make Proph~. One should also not pray behind them nor make them as the lmamsof Musllmsdue to thoir dlsbeliefand them as the Imams of Muslims due to their disbelief and untnrstworthiness and also due to the great animosity untrustworthiness and also due to the great animosity between yet themand the Muslims; anotherreaEon that between them and the Muslims; yet another reason is that is they are not from the peoplewho pray and worshipAllah; they are not from the people who pray and worshipAllah; heresy and polytheismobliterateall ac{ions.May Allah heresy and polytheism obliterate all actions. May Allah guardus from such actions. Allah, the Almighty says in the guard us fromsuchactions. Allah,the Almighty saysin the context forbidding Muslimsfrom eatingthe offerings context of forbidding Muslims from eating the offerings of of the unbelievers and dead animals, the unbelievers and dead animals, "Eat not (meats) which Allah's namehath not "Eat not of (meats) on whlch Allah'sname hath not on been pronounced: been pronounced: that would be Impiety. But the that would be lmplety.But the evil ones ever inspire their frlendsto contendwith evil ones ever inspiretheir friends contend with you lf ye were to obey them ye would Indeedbe you If ye were obey them ye would Indeed be P a g a n s .("6 : 1 2 1 ) . Pagans." (6:121). Allah, the Almighty has forbiddonthe Muslimsfrom Allah, the Almighty has forbidden the Muslims from eating dead animalsand the animalssacrificedby the eating dead animals and the animals sacrificed by the unbelievers unbelievers becausethe sacrificesgiven by them are in because the sacrifices given them are in 26
  31. 31. the category of dead animals, although the nameof Allah the category deadanimals,although name Allah of the may be mentioned; but such mentioning will haveno effeci maybe mentioned; suchmentioning have no effect but will for the reascn ihat for the reascn that it is an invocation maned by belief in an invocationmarred belief polytheism; so it cannot be accepted until the polytheist po$heism; so cannot be accepteduntil polytheist ropentsto Allah.Allah has permitted consumption of repents to Allah. Allah has permitted the consumption the people the Book; food offered by the people of the Book; food offered by the "The food of the People the Book lawful unto you "The food of the People of the Book is lawful unto yot and yours is lawful unto them." (5:5). and yours is lawful unto them." (5:5). It is lawful because the People of the Book belong lo a It is lawful becausethe People the Book belongto heavenly religion and claim to be the followers of Moses heavenlyreligionand claim be the lollowers Moees and Jesus although this is a false claim. Allah has and Jesus ahhough this is false claim. Allah has thoirreligion annulled by sendir€{tluham- and abrogated their religion and annulled it by sending-Muham- abrogated mad(peacebe uponhim)as Messenger allthe peoples. mad (peace be upon him) as Messenger to all the peoples. Horvever, AllahtheAlmighty permitted However, Allah the Almighty has permitted us to accept has us accept thethe food of the People of the Book and to marry their women. food of the People the Book and many their women. The divine sanction in this regard is due to csrtain The divine sanction in this regard due certain considerations that have been explained by the SCholars. considerations have beenexplained the Scholars. that by But such a sanctionhas not been granted with regard But such a sanction has not been granted with regard to the unbelieversand the polytheists who worship idols, the unbelievers and the polytheists who worship idots, dead people, Prophets,friends and protectorsand othors dead people, Prophets, friends and protectors and others becausewhateverfaith they profess is not based on any because whatever faith they profess is not based on any principle. In fact, all their profes.sions faith are total principle. In fact, all their professions of faith are total falsehoods; therefore,the animalsslaughtered them by falsehoods; therefore, the animals slaughtered by them are dead animals ard eating ol is rtot permissible. are dead animals and eating of it is not permissible. As regards phrases used by people at times anger As regards phrases used by people at times of anger such as "May tho Jinn strike you"; "May the Jinn taka such as "May the Jinn strike you"; "May the Jinn take yorl"; and "May the Jinnfly awaywithyou" aro phrases you"; and "May the Jinn fly away with you" are phrases of abusethat are not permissible the Muslimslike all other for abuse that are not permissible for the Muslims like all other phrasesof abuse and curse, etc. This is not connected phrases of abuse and curse, etc. This is not connected 27
  32. 32. with po$heism. However, if the p€rson uttering such with polytheism. However, person uttering such words believes Jinns have sway over the affairs trror& believesthat the Jinns have a s:way affairs of the peoplewithoutthe permission Allahand His will' people without the permission of Allah and His will, because Allahthe Almighty tho he will be an unbeliever because ho will be an unbeliever Allah the Almighty is the SupremePossessorand Disposerol everything;it is He Supreme Possessor and Disposer of everything; He who bestows good causes harm; nothingexists withoul who bestowsgood or Gaus€s harm; nothing exists without His permission, His will and His pre-destined plan; Allah His permission, will and His pre'destined His plan; Allah has ordered His Prophet to convey to the people: has ordered His Prophet convey people: "say: 'l have no polfor over any good harm myself "Say: 'I have no power ovor any good or harm to myself exceptas Allah wllleth.If I had knowledge of the except as Allah wllleth. lf had knowledge the unseen, I shouldhave multiplied all good, and no evif unsoen, should have multiplied good, and no evil all should have touched me: I am but a wamer, and a should have touched me: am but warner, and bringer of glad tidings to thce who have faith."' bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith.'" (7:188). (7:188). lf the leader of all mankindand the b€st of them, our If the leader of all mankind and the best of them, our Prophet(peacebe upon him) does not possessany good Prophet (peace be upon him) does not possess any good nor any harm for himselfexceptwhat is willed by Allah, nor any harm for himself except what is willed by Allah, how could any other human being do so? There are how could any other human being do so? There are numerousverses in the Holy Quran in this context. numerous verses in the Holy Curan in this context. As regards, consulting the Soothsayers, Magicians, As regards, consulting the Soothsayers, Magicians, Astrologers otharsof their tribe who try to predictthe Astrologers and others of their tribe who try to predict the and unknown,it is a reprehensible to believein them is act; unknown, it is a reprehensible act; to believe in them is reprehensible objectionable it is a form of and and more reprehensible and objectionable and it is a form of more because Prophet the (peacebe uponhim)has blasphemy because the Prophet (peace be upon him) has blasphemy said, "The prayersof a personwho consultsa Soothsayer said, "The prayers of a person who consults a Soothsayer about anything, will not be accepted for forty days" about anything, will not be accepted for forty days" (nanatedin the Sahihof Muslim);itis also nanatedon th€ (narrated in the Sahih of Muslim); it is also narrated on the authorityof Muawiyahibn Al-HakamAs-Salamithat the authority of Muawiyah ibn AI-Hakam As-Salami that the 28 28
  33. 33. Prophet(p€acebe upon him) prohibitedconsultation with Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited consultation with Soothsayers. lt narrated - Soothsayers. is narrated as transmitted the compil- It transmitted by compil- ers AI-Sunan - that ers of Al-Sunan that the Prophel(peacebe upon him) Prophet (peace upon him) said, "He who believes in what a Soothsayersays said, who believes what Soothsayer says becomes an unbeliever in what has been revealed to becomes an unbeliever what has been revealed Muhammad (peace be uport him)." There are several Muhammad(peace be upon him)." There are several Sayings of the Prophetin this context.Muslimstherefore, Sayings the Prophet this context. Muslims therefore, should be on their guard againstSoothsayers, shouldbe on their guard against Soothsayers, Sorcerers Sorcerers and Witchdoctors who claimknowledge the unseenand and Witchdoctors who claim knowledge of the unseen and deceive Muslims onthe pretextof medicaltreatment any deceive Muslims the pretext medical treatment or any on other excuse. Muslims shouldbewareol sueh peopleas other excuse.Muslimsshould beware of su~h people forbidden and cautioned by the Prophet (peacebe upon forbiddenand cautionedby the Prophet(peace be upon him). In this category, is also includec lhe claimsof some him). In this category, also included claims some is the people of knowledge of the unseen in the name of p€ople of knowledgeof the unseen the name medicine; they claim knowledge of the condition of a sick medicine; they claimknowledge the condition of sick person by smelling his tu!'ban or the veil in case of a p€rson by smellinghis tuban or the veil in case woman and so on. In fact, such people se€k only to woman and so on. In fact, such people seek only to deceiveand confusethe minds of the innocentpeople so deceive and confuse the minds of the innocent people so that they describe him as person well-informedin that they describe him as a person well-informed in medicineand in treatingof illnesses; such personmay medicine and in treating of illnesses; such a person may medicine whichmay perhaps curethe sick dispense some medicine which may perhaps cure the sick dispense some p€rson; cureis by the Willof the person; the cure is by the Will of Allah - butthe sidy'person Allah- but the Sick'Person that he was curedbecauso that medicine. is ol believes that he was cured because of that medicine. It is believes lt quite possiblethat the illnessis causedby some of the quite possible that the illness is caused by some of the Jinnsand evilspiritswhichare in the employof that person Jinns and evil spirits which are in the employ of that person who claimshimselfthe knowledge medicine, of ard they who claims himself the knowledge of medicine, and they providehim wilh knowledge tho uns€€nwhichthey are of provide him with knowledge of the unseen which they are able to percaive.On the basis ol that knowledgethe able to perceive. On the basis of that knowledge the impostorperforms certainworshipsin orderto pleasethe impostor performs certain worships in order to please the Jinns and the evil spiritsso that they may withdrawfrom Jinns and the evil spirits so that they may withdraw from 29 29

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