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Games and toys in ancient greece translated by maria gkougkoutsi


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Games and toys in ancient greece translated by maria gkougkoutsi

  2. 2. TOYS AND GAMES IN ANCIENT GREECE – 13TH PRIMARY SCHOOL OF ILION- TRANSLATED BY MARIA GKOUGKOUTSI ‘Through the pleasure of games they learn’ wrote Plato in his book Laws Playing had always been vitally important to Greek people, that’s why they used to bury their dead with their favourite toys and games believing that playing and gaming relaxes and entertains people even in Ades.
  3. 3. SISTRUM The first toy of an infant was the seistron (sistrum) or platage, known to us as rattle. It came in various shapes of people or animals and was used for keeping evil away.
  4. 4. DOLLS AND PUPPETS The plaggones (dolls) often had movable limbs and were then called neurospasto (meaning puppet). In many cases they were naked, in order for girls to be able to dress them up. Plaggones from bone and clay have been found but cloth, wax and wood were also used
  5. 5. ATHYRMATA Boys used to play with effigies of charriots drawn by horses, called athyrmata.
  6. 6. AIORA A popular game was the aiora (swing) and a variation, vrachionios aiora (the see-saw)
  7. 7. CHARRIOTS A popular game with boys were the charriots. They were either drawn by dogs or by the boys themselves. Also, they rode a cane or a stick pretending to be riding a horse.
  8. 8. EIS OMILLAN The older boys of the gang played the eis omillan, namely teams. Having drawn a circle on the ground and standing on a specific point they tried to throw their knuckles in the circle. They had agreed beforehand upon having ten attempts. The winner got to draw the circle, decide on its diameter and the point of throw.
  9. 9. The gygx. Two holes are opened on a wooden, normally, discus, double thread is inserted, and after the discus is rotated, the thread is tightened or slackened. The sound produced reminds us of a bird, the iygga, namely the anteater, which the game was named after. The yo-yo. Another movable toy is the yo-yo, as it is called nowadays. It consists of two terracotta discs decorated with circles and joined together with a small cylinder.
  10. 10. Another toy involving movement is the teetotum. The Ancient Greeks called it strombo and strovilos or rhombus (because of its shape) and vomvykia (because of the sound it produces while spinning).
  11. 11. PENTELITHA This game was for limitless participants. Each child had five pebbles near his feet. The players threw a pebble up in the air and had to pick up another pebble from the ground before catching it.
  12. 12. KRIKILASIA Krikilasia or wheel (modern-day hoop) was a very popular game. The hoop was often wooden and rolled after being hit with a stick.
  13. 13. The players nail a pole with a hole in the middle into the ground. They put a rope through the hole and two players tie its ends round their waist so that they cannot face each other. Pulling hard they try to make their opponent come close to the pole. This game can be played with more players tied to each end of the rope.
  14. 14. Tag-of-war
  15. 15. They blindfolded a child with a scarf and he said ‘ a chalki fly I will chase’ . The others replied ‘ you will chase it but you will not catch it’ and hit him with their belts until he caught another child.
  16. 16. Akinetinda. Once the players hear the cue they have to stay still in whichever position they are. The first to move is expelled from the game.
  17. 17. Apodidraskinda. A player closes his eyes and the others run to hide. The player opens his eyes and looks for them. Every time he finds a player, he must run back to his original place first or else he loses.
  18. 18. Kollavizein. A player covers his eyes standing up. Another player hits him and asks him with which hand he did it.
  19. 19. Jumping rope Askolismos. The players jumped on an oiled, stuffed sack on one leg and tried to keep their balance.
  20. 20. Askolismos.They used to play several variations. They compete in Who will jump farther on one leg Who will achieve more jumps on one leg A player chases the others jumping on one leg
  21. 21. Sphairiseis, namely games played with a ball. The ball was originally made of various threads and later on of leather strips stitched together and stuffed with hairs or feathers. It was soft and flexible. The episkyros, a game played in ancient Greece since 2000B.C, is regarded as the forerunner of modern-day football. Other sports, like basketball, volleyball, polo, handball etc come from ancient Greece.
  22. 22. Aporraxis or anakrousia. The players hit the ball hard against the ground in order to make it bounce. Afterwards, they catch it to hit it yet again. The player who hits the ball the most wins. Sometimes they hit the ball against the wall and have to catch it before it hits the ground. This game is played by one or two players.
  23. 23. In another game, the boys threw the ball through the mouth of a vessel, something like modern-day basketball. The defeated had to carry the winner on his back. This was called ‘ephedrismos’.
  24. 24. The kerretizein (from the word Keras which means bat) was played with a bat and is the forerunner of field hockey.
  25. 25. Arpaston. A group of children or adolescents threw the ball up in the air and tried to catch it by jumping up pushing each other away.
  26. 26. Episkyros. The players formed two teams behind a line drawn on the ground with a skyron (pointy pebble), after which the game was named. The aim of each team was to throw the ball over the opponents hitting it hard. The opponents had to change its course and send it back. The winners got one point. The losers had to go through ‘ephedrismos’.
  27. 27. Ceramic plaque of the Archaic era found in Korinth. The depiction reminds us of modern-day baseball. The bearded man is holding a rod ready to hit something (apparently a ball) and a young man next to him is holding a ball.
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