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The good, the bad and the ugly: security technology and human rights

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The good, the bad and the ugly: security technology and human rights

  1. 1. The good, the bad and the ugly: security technology and human rights Dr Ian Brown
  2. 2. Who cares about human rights? <ul><li>Citizens – who want to be treated with dignity and respect </li></ul><ul><li>Regulators – who want to make sure law is being followed </li></ul><ul><li>Legislators – who will be pressured to create new legislation by unhappy voters </li></ul>
  3. 3. Human rights-friendly design <ul><li>Minimally invasive </li></ul><ul><li>Effective </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic </li></ul>
  4. 4. Minimally invasive <ul><li>GOOD: transport container scanning; WMD detectors </li></ul><ul><li>BAD: gathers personal data while merely displacing problem – CCTV </li></ul><ul><li>UGLY: treats entire populations as criminals – ID cards, communications data retention </li></ul>Targeted and gathers minimum personal data
  5. 5. Effective <ul><li>GOOD: stronger cockpit doors, better street lighting </li></ul><ul><li>BAD: face recognition that identifies only pickpockets and ticket touts (Snooperbowl) and does not lead to one arrest in first three years (Newham) </li></ul><ul><li>UGLY: An invasive $15bn programme (US-VISIT) that identifies 1,000 low-level criminals </li></ul>Provides the benefits claimed at a reasonable cost
  6. 6. Strategic <ul><li>Will not be used in a way that creates new community grievances, such as more racially biased police searches </li></ul><ul><li>Do not damage the values the “war on terror” is supposed to be defending, e.g. by censoring websites or undertaking warrantless wiretaps </li></ul><ul><li>Fix causes of problems, not surface symptoms </li></ul>
  7. 7. Safe and free <ul><li>Engineers have a vital role in ensuring technology protects our freedom and security </li></ul><ul><li>Minimally-invasive, effective and strategic technology can do that </li></ul><ul><li>Vastly expensive mass surveillance and censorship technologies cannot </li></ul>

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