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Food for war


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Food for war

  1. 1. ANNEE SCOLAIRE : 2011-2012 LYCEE MUNICIPAL DE TANDA BP : 80 ITel: 35. 91 85 60 PROF 2 KOFFI Yao Jules . NIVEAU : '. I‘Ie A » DUREE : 3 heures COlvfl/ INGILISH TEST , PART ONE: READING (40%) ' Read the text and do all the activities that follow on your answer sheet (s). ' Food for war Sudan's fearful drought is over, but war still condemns many of its people to hunger. Good rains this year in the north of the country have produced a surplus of grain. But little reaches the war-torn south, and what does is being A used by the govemment to quell the rebellion. Westem relief agencies sped to l0 l5 govemment has organized the Mundari into‘ an Sudan in response to the countrywide famine of 1984. They are now frustrated. Road and river transport from north to south is unreliable, and vulnerable to rebels. The few food merchants make big profits, and do not want handouts to undermine their business. Greedy govemment officials want a share of their profits. Both the govemment and the southem insurgents try to exploit food aid for their own political objectives. . ' For example. Juba, the largest town in southern Sudan, is now ringed by camps of hungry people. They are Mundari tribesmen, driven off their traditional cattle-ranges by the rebels of the Sudanese People's Liberation Army, who mainly belong to the Dinka tribe, traditional enemies of the Mundari. The armed militia. Now more than 40,000 of them depend on food from aid agencies in Juba. When it runs short —-there are riots, which have recently caused several deaths. The govemment uses free food not against starvation but for security. The rebels want food distributed in areas they control. But the govemment {,0 steers the supplies to its friends. Aid has been "given to the Arab Missiriya, who far BO live on the borders of the south, and the Anyanya in Upper Nile province, as well as the Mundari near Juba; these three groups have fomied pro—govemment militias. Some relief organizations know what they are doing: -giving food to the govemment's allies because "otherwise they "would" not be able to give it to anybody. Other less sophisticated agencies seem unaware of the game. Since October 1986, several foreign aid workers have been deported, radios confiscated, aircraft licences. revoked. Travel permits are strictly enforced; even the Red Cross has been forced out of contested or unstable areas. with the ‘ general famine over, southem Sudan is slipping from public view; The people in the countryside -still go hungry. - ' Adapted From The Economist (April 13. 1987), p. 46 1/4 '
  2. 2. COMPREHENSION CHECK A 1 . Find the words or phrases in the text the meanings ofwhlch are below. Then write down your answers like this: 6 - undermine 1- terrible; causing horror (Paragraph 1) 2- severely damaged by combats (Paragraph 1) 3- to end (especially by force) (Paragraph 1) 4- went quickly; rushed (Paragraph 1) 5- not trustworthy (Paragraph 2) 6- weaken (Paragraph 2) A2- The words from column A are in the text. ‘ Match each of them with its meaning in column B. Number 11 is an -example: 11 - C COLUMN A COLUMN B 7- insurgents a- becomes scarce 8-ringed b- withdrawn or cancelled 9- belong to c- frontiers 10- runs short d- people fighting against government 11- borders forces; ‘rebels; » 12- revoked e- are ‘part of; ‘are members of f- surrounded B1- Among the options labeled A to D, choose theone that best completes each statement below. Example: 1 - A 1- The Sudanese people are suffering from hunger mainly because of. .. A-war. ; B- relief agencies. ; C- the drought. ; D- excessive rains. 2- The Sudanese people suffering from hunger are those living in the. .. A- north. ; B- south. ; C- east. ; D- west. 3- The government is more concerned to“ A- fight hunger. ; B- build roads. ; C- receive aid workers. ; D- fight rebels. 4- Relief workers are A- happy with their working conditions. ; B- always welcome in Sudan. C - not always welcome in Sudan. ; D- the government's best friends. 2/4‘
  3. 3. 5- Food merchants see relief agencies as ; B- a threat to their business. ; D- God's messengers. A— their business partners. C-i good friends. 6- The writer of this text . . A- denounces the Sudanese government's policy. B- approves of the Sudanese govemment's policy. C- praises the Sudanese government. D- dislikes relief agencies. B2) Answer the following questions briefly. 7- Where are the rebels based? . 8- Who or what does the pronoun "they" (L 24) refer to? 9- How does the government handle the food aid? 10- What do you think about the way the govemment handles the food aid? 11- At the time of publishing this article (April 18, 1987), was the whole country suffering from hunger‘? Justify your answer. PART TWO: WRITNG (40%) ' Choose only one of the two tasks and write between twenty (20) and twenty—five (25) lines. TASK A: Write an essay about the following topic: A "Should the UN prevent poor countries from buying more arms? " TASK B: These days, there is war going on on almost every continent. Having noticed this situation you have decided to write to The Economist. You want to inform the world about the consequences of this phenomenon and make some suggestions to stop it. Write your letter in a clear and correct English to increase the chances of having it edited. ‘l'he magazine's address is in the box below. The Economist, 25 St James’s Street, London SW1A 1HG 3/4
  4. 4. PART THREE: LANGUAGE IN USE (20%) A- write down thecorrect form for each verb in brackets. write your ’ _answers like this: 6-come. ’ On the morning of October 2nd Vincent Otti, the deputy Leader of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), was (1- lead) out into a clearing in the Garamba rainforest in northern Congo and (2- shoot) dead, together with his supporters. The bodies (3- leave) to rot for three days, to "(4-strengthen) the sprit" of Joseph Kony, the leader of the LRA, who ordered the executions. Mr Otti's wives were (5- distribute) among Mr Kony's loyal lieutenants. At least, this is what the Ugandan govemment claims. The LRA, on the other hand, insists that Mr Otti is alive. The claims and counter-claims have (6-come) as northem Uganda is (7-begin) _ to return to something approaching normality after the end, it is hoped, of the LRA's 20-year insurgency against the govemment. Peace talks between the two sides have (8-encourage) some of thefll m-odd people (9-displace) by the conflict to live their refugee camps and (10- retum) to rebuild their villages. Curfews have been (1 1—abo1ish). J B- Fill in each gap with the appropriate word from the box below. Follow the example to write your answers. ' Example: 7-g ’ ‘ 1 a-from; b-at; c—supported; d-teacher; e-think; . f-with; g-of; h-fertile; i-failed; j-aid; k—of ‘ The LRA hideouts in Congo are a long way away (. ..I. ..) Ober Abic, but still the sense of exposure here is palpable. The village is (. ..2.. .) the end of a dirt track and the bush unfurls beyond in a pale sea of thorn and scrub, fading unbroken into Sudan and Congo. The school is closed; no (. ..3.. .) is braveenough to take the post. The World Food Programme (WFP) provides the village (. ..4.. .) 40% of its food, in monthly handouts. The rest is scraped out in - cassava and banana from what should be a (. ..5.. .) land but is unforgiving; this year's harvest has (. ..6.. .); Still, the WFP reckons itcan pullback in a couple (. ..7.. .)'years if the LRA is disbanded. A p A p _ _ That is abig Defections make the LRA less stable. Mr Kony may be selling the food (. ..8.. .) he receives to rearm. Uganda's president, Yoweri Musveni, may also be dragging out ' negotiations in the hope (. . .9.. .) smashing Mr Kony militarily. Some (. ..10,. .) the Sudanese president; Omar al-Bashir, who has‘ (. ..I 1.. .) the LRA, wants to keep the fighters in play to destabilize south Sudan, if ‘ i ’ 4/4
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